Master Cholangiocarcinoma with Picmonic for Medicine

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing.

DOWNLOAD PDF
Cholangiocarcinoma

Recommended Picmonics

picmonic thumbnail
Mesenteric Ischemia
picmonic thumbnail
Kaposi Sarcoma
picmonic thumbnail
Omphalocele
picmonic thumbnail
Gastroschisis

Cholangiocarcinoma

Cola-angel-car-gnome
DikeHAfifi
11 KEY FACTS
CHARACTERISTICS
Malignant Carcinoma
Malignant-man Car-gnome

Cholangiocarcinoma is a malignant tumor that is found in the bile ducts. It has three main localizations: intrahepatic, extrahepatic (i.e., perihilar, or Klatskin tumors), or extrahepatic. The most common type is extrahepatic, and the least common type is the intrahepatic tumor.

Bile Duct Epithelium
Bile-duck with E-pick

Cholangiocarcinoma arises from epithelial cells lining the biliary tract.

Biliary Tract Obstruction
Beading at Bile-duck with beads

Biliary tract obstruction can occur due to mass effect of cholangiocarcinoma. If not treated, it can lead to life-threatening cholangitis. Signs that indicate obstruction include fatigue, jaundice, pale stools, itching, and dark urine. Infection can be recognized with Charcot's Triad.

RISK FACTORS
Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis
(1) Wand Skull-roses Cola-angel

The etiology of cholangiocarcinoma is not well understood, but it is thought to be caused by long-standing inflammation, such as that seen in primary sclerosing cholangitis and liver fluke infection. This inflammation induces cellular proliferation and hyperplasia, which leads to malignant transformation.

Liver Fluke Infection
Tree-toad

Liver fluke infections, such as clonorchiasis and opisthorchiasis, have been associated with cholangiocarcinoma. Other infections that can also be linked with cholangiocarcinoma include HIV and H. pylori.

CLINICAL FEATURES
Weight Loss
Skinny-with-baggy-pants

One-third of patients with cholangiocarcinoma can present with weight loss.

Abdominal Pain
Abdominal Pain

Abdominal pain is commonly seen in the later stages of the disease and is usually characterized by a dull ache on the right upper quadrant.

Fatigue
Sleepy-guy

Fatigue is the most common symptom experienced in the early stages of cholangiocarcinoma.

Jaundice
Jaundice-janitor

The most common symptom experienced by patients with late cholangiocarcinoma is jaundice. It occurs due to cholestasis secondary to obstruction.

HISTOLOGY
Infiltrating Neoplastic Glands
New-growths Gland

On histology, cholangiocarcinoma characterized by infiltrating neoplastic glands.

Desmoplastic Stroma
Desk-plastic Straw-man

On histology, cholangiocarcinoma is characterized by a desmoplastic stroma. This finding is characterized by an expanded matrix production with the remodeling of connective tissue structures within a tumor, not unlike chronic-active scarring.

DOWNLOAD PDF

Take the Cholangiocarcinoma Quiz

Picmonic's rapid review multiple-choice quiz allows you to assess your knowledge.

It's worth every penny

Our Story Mnemonics Increase Mastery and Retention

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Unforgettable characters with concise but impactful videos (2-4 min each)

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Ace Your Medicine (MD/DO) Classes & Exams with Picmonic:

Over 1,610,000 students use Picmonic’s picture mnemonics to improve knowledge, retention, and exam performance.

Choose the #1 Medicine (MD/DO) student study app.

Picmonic for Medicine (MD/DO) covers information that is relevant to your entire Medicine (MD/DO) education. Whether you’re studying for your classes or getting ready to conquer the USMLE Step 1, USMLE Step 2 CK, COMLEX Level 1, or COMLEX Level 2, we’re here to help.

Works better than traditional Medicine (MD/DO) flashcards.

Research shows that students who use Picmonic see a 331% improvement in memory retention and a 50% improvement in test scores.