NEW LOWER PRICES - ACT FAST
Medicine (MD/DO)
/
USMLE Step 1
/
Gastroenterology
/
Intestinal Disorders
/
Intestinal Atresia

Master Intestinal Atresia with Picmonic for Medicine

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing.

DOWNLOAD PDF
Intestinal Atresia

Recommended Picmonics

picmonic thumbnail
Crohn's Disease Assessment
picmonic thumbnail
Crohn's Disease Characteristics
picmonic thumbnail
Crohn's Symptoms and Associations
picmonic thumbnail
Ulcerative Colitis Characteristics
picmonic thumbnail
Ulcerative Colitis Associations

Intestinal Atresia

Intestinal-guy Atresia-tree
DikeHAfifi
12 KEY FACTS
CHARACTERISTICS
Bilious Vomiting
Bile-duck Vomit

Intestinal atresia is a congenital malformation characterized by an abnormality in intestine development, resulting in the narrowing or closure of the intestine. This abnormality will cause bowel obstruction, and because the obstruction occurs distal to the ligament of Treitz, it will cause bilious vomiting.

Abdominal Distention
Abdomen Distended

Abdominal distention is a common manifestation in patients with intestinal atresia, alongside bilious vomiting. These are the most common findings seen in intestinal atresia.

First 1-2 Days of Life
First-place (1) Wand to (2) Tutu

Symptoms of intestinal atresia can be seen in the first 1-2 days of life after the first feeding. If it's not treated, this condition can progressively worsen.

TYPES
Duodenal Atresia
Dodo Atresia-tree

Duodenal atresia occurs when the epithelial cord of the duodenum fails to recanalize properly or experiences excessive endodermal proliferation. This can lead to obstruction, usually seen distally to the ampulla of Vater in the second portion of the duodenum. Errors in this recanalization process can appear during the eighth to tenth week of embryological development.

Double Bubble
Double Bubble

In duodenal atresia, a double bubble sign can be present on abdominal X-ray, with one bubble showing a dilated stomach and the other showing the proximal duodenum.

Down Syndrome
Child with Down Syndrome

Down syndrome, also known as trisomy 21, is associated with a higher prevalence of duodenal atresia compared to the general population.

Jejunal and Ileal Atresia
Judge-Judy Alien Atresia-tree

Jejunal and ileal atresia occur during fetal development due to disruptions in mesenteric vessels, often involving the superior mesenteric artery. These disruptions lead to ischemic necrosis of the fetal intestine, causing segmental resorption. This process results in a blind proximal and distal end of the bowel, with a defect in the mesentery between the ends.

Triple Bubble
Triple Bubble

In jejunal and ileal atresia, abdominal X-rays can show a triple bubble, described by the dilated stomach, duodenum, and proximal jejunum. An X-ray also shows a gasless colon.

Cystic Fibrosis
Sisters with Fibrous-sacks

Jejunal atresia is known to be associated with cystic fibrosis. Cystic fibrosis is an X-linked recessive disease that results from abnormal chloride channels in the body.

Gastroschisis
GI-guy with Scissor

Gastroschisis can be seen in cases of jejunal and ileal atresia. Gastroschisis is characterized by the herniation of abdominal organs through the abdominal wall with no covering by the peritoneum.

Smoking
Cigarette

Smoking during the first trimester of pregnancy is associated with jejunoileal atresia. Thromboembolic occlusion is thought to be a contributing factor in development of this condition.

Cocaine Use
Cocaine

The use of vasoconstrictive drugs like cocaine can result in reduced uteroplacental blood flow, causing vasoconstriction and hypoperfusion of the placenta. This process can contribute to the development of jejunoileal atresia due to its mechanism of ischemic necrosis.

DOWNLOAD PDF

Take the Intestinal Atresia Quiz

Picmonic's rapid review multiple-choice quiz allows you to assess your knowledge.

It's worth every penny

Our Story Mnemonics Increase Mastery and Retention

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Unforgettable characters with concise but impactful videos (2-4 min each)

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Ace Your Medicine (MD/DO) Classes & Exams with Picmonic:

Over 1,860,000 students use Picmonic’s picture mnemonics to improve knowledge, retention, and exam performance.

Choose the #1 Medicine (MD/DO) student study app.

Picmonic for Medicine (MD/DO) covers information that is relevant to your entire Medicine (MD/DO) education. Whether you’re studying for your classes or getting ready to conquer the USMLE Step 1, USMLE Step 2 CK, COMLEX Level 1, or COMLEX Level 2, we’re here to help.

Works better than traditional Medicine (MD/DO) flashcards.

Research shows that students who use Picmonic see a 331% improvement in memory retention and a 50% improvement in test scores.