doaa Shared "Community Medicine" - 22 Picmonics

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Community Medicine

Hepatitis A
Characteristics
Picornavirus
4 Week Incubation Period
Fecal-oral
Day Care Centers
Travel to Developing Countries
Signs and Symptoms
Usually Asymptomatic
Acute Disease
Jaundice
Fever
Vomiting
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2 mins
Hepatitis B (HBV) Assessment
Transmission
Bodily Fluids
Blood Transmission
IV Drug Abusers
Incubation
Variable 1-6 Months
Assessment
Fever
Nausea and Vomiting
Hepatomegaly
Chronic Disease
Cirrhosis
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Considerations
Vaccination
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2 mins
Hepatitis B Virus Disease
Can turn chronic
< 10% of adults become chronic carriers
90% of newborns become chronic carriers
Cirrhosis
Hepatocellular carcinoma
Membranous Glomerulonephritis
Polyarteritis nodosa
Serum sickness like syndrome
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2 mins
Hepatitis C
Characteristics
Enveloped
RNA Virus
Flavivirus
Icosahedral
SS positive Linear
Clinical Features
Most Cases are Due to IV Drug Use
Turns to Chronic Hepatitis in Over 70% of Cases
Cirrhosis
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Most Common Indication for Liver Transplantation
Associated With Type I MPGN
Porphyria Cutanea Tarda
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2 mins
Lab and Diagnostic Tests During Pregnancy
Complete Blood Cell Count
Blood Typing
Rubella Titer
Hepatitis B
HIV Testing
Urinalysis
Diabetes
Pap Smears
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2 mins
Mumps (Parotitis)
Mechanism
Paramyxovirus
Signs and Symptoms
Fever
Headache
Earache
Orchitis
Pain and Swelling of Parotid Glands
Considerations
MMR Vaccination
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1 min
Mumps Virus
Characteristics
Paramyxovirus
Signs and Symptoms
Parotitis
Increased Serum Amylase
Orchitis
Oophoritis
Aseptic Meningitis
Pancreatitis
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59 secs
Pediatric Vaccinations - Age 12 to 15 Months
1 Very MAD HIP-ster
Varicella Zoster
MMR
Hepatitis A
DTaP - Diphtheria Tetanus acellular pertussis
HiB - Haemophilus Influenzae Type B
IPV - Inactivated Polio Vaccine
PCV - Pneumococcal
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2 mins
Pediatric Vaccinations - Age 2 Months
2 B DR HIP
Hepatitis B
DTaP - Diphtheria Tetanus acellular Pertussis
RV - Rotavirus
HiB - Haemophilus Influenzae Type B
IPV - Inactivated Polio Vaccine
PCV - Pneumococcal
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1 min
Pediatric Vaccinations - Age 4 Months
4 DR HIP
DTaP - Diphtheria Tetanus acellular pertussis
RV - Rotavirus
HiB - Haemophilus Influenzae Type B
IPV - Inactivated Polio Vaccine
PCV - Pneumococcal
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1 min
Pediatric Vaccinations - Age 6 Months
B DR HIP In 6 Months
Hepatitis B
DTaP - Diphtheria Tetanus acellular pertussis
RV - Rotavirus
HiB - Haemophilus Influenzae Type B
IPV - Inactivated Polio Vaccine
PCV - Pneumococcal
Influenza
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2 mins
Pediatric Vaccinations Age 4-6 Years
Very DIM between 4-6pm
Varicella Zoster
DTaP - Diphtheria Tetanus acellular pertussis
IPV - Inactivated Polio Vaccine
MMR
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1 min
Positive Signs of Pregnancy
Fetus on Ultrasound
Fetal Heart Rate by Doppler or Fetoscope
Fetal X-ray
Fetal Movements
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1 min
Presumptive Signs of Pregnancy
Amenorrhea
Fatigue
Urinary Frequency
Nausea and Vomiting
Breast Changes
Quickening
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1 min
Probable Signs of Pregnancy
Goodell Sign
Chadwick Sign
Hegar Sign
Positive Serum and Urine Sample
Braxton Hicks Contractions
Ballottement
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2 mins
Rubella
Mechanism
Rubella Virus
Signs and Symptoms
Swollen Glands
Cold-like Symptoms
Pinkish-red Maculopapular Rash
Low Grade Fever
Considerations
Rubella Titer
Avoid Contact with Pregnant Women
MMR Vaccination
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2 mins
Rubeola (Measles)
Mechanism
Virus
Signs and Symptoms
Fever
Red Maculopapular Rash
3 C's
Photophobia
Koplik Spots
Considerations
MMR Vaccination
Antipyretics
Vitamin A Supplementation
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2 mins
Rubeola Virus
Characteristics
RNA Virus
Paramyxovirus
Signs and Symptoms
Measles
Rash Spreads From Head to Toe
Koplik Spots First
Red Spots with Blue-White Center on Buccal Mucosa
Cough
Coryza
Conjunctivitis
Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis
Giant Cell Pneumonia in Immunosuppressed Patients
Warthin-Finkeldey Multinucleated Giant Cells
Treatment
Vitamin A
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3 mins
Salmonella Typhi
Characteristics
Colonizes Gallbladder
Monocytic Immune Response
Symptoms
Typhoid Fever
Abdominal Pain
Rose Spots on Abdomen
Constipation Followed by Diarrhea
Treatments
Ceftriaxone
Fluoroquinolones
Considerations
Oral Vaccine - Live
IM Vaccine - Capsular Polysaccharide
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2 mins
Varicella (Chickenpox)
Mechanism
Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV)
Signs and Symptoms
Red Maculopapular Rash
Vesicles Ooze and Crust
Pruritus
Centripetal
Considerations
Varicella Immunization
Skin Care to Minimize Itching
Isolate until Vesicles Crust
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2 mins

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