Hannah-underwood9041 Shared "Gram Negative Bacteria" - 35 Picmonics

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Gram Negative Bacteria

Bartonella henselae
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Pleomorphic
Bacillus
Signs and Symptoms
Cat Scratch Fever
Lymphadenopathy
Bacillary Angiomatosis
Patients with AIDS
Mimics Kaposi Sarcoma
Benign
Reactive Arthritis
Non-Caseating Granuloma
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2 mins
Bordetella pertussis
Pathophysiology
Gram-Negative
Coccobacillus
Bordet-Gengou Agar
ADP Ribosylating AB Toxin
Inhibits Gi to cause Increase in cAMP
Signs AND Symptoms
Lymphocytosis
Increase in Insulin
Catarrhal Phase is Infectious Period
Paroxysmal Phase is Symptomatic Period
Whooping Cough
Treatment
Macrolides
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4 mins
Borrelia burgdorferi
Characteristics
Lyme Disease
Spirochete
Dark-field Microscopy
Giemsa Stain
Silver Stain
White-footed Mouse
Ixodes Tick
Babesia
Anaplasmosis
Signs & Symptoms
Flu-like Symptoms
Erythema Migrans
Bulls Eye Rash
Bilateral Bell's Palsy
Conduction Defects
Arthropathy
Treatments
Doxycycline
Ceftriaxone
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3 mins
Brucella
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Coccobacillus
Unpasteurized milk
Goat cheese
Inside macrophages
Signs and Symptoms
Lymphadenopathy
Granulomas
Undulating fever
Treatment
Doxycycline
Gentamicin
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2 mins
Campylobacter Jejuni
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Bacillus
Flagella
Curved
Corkscrew Appearance
Oxidase-Positive
Grows Well at 42 Degrees
Undercooked Poultry
Unpasteurized Milk
Puppies with Diarrhea
Signs and Symptoms
Bloody Diarrhea
Guillain-Barre syndrome
Reiter's Syndrome or Reactive Arthritis
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3 mins
Chlamydia Characteristics
Characteristics
Cannot Make ATP
Elementary body infects
Intraepithelial
Reticulate Body Replicates
Diagnosis
Cell Wall Lacks Muramic Acid
Giemsa Stain
Inclusion Bodies
Treatment
Azithromycin (Preferred)
Doxycycline
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2 mins
Chlamydia trachomatis
Characteristics
A to C
Trachoma
Follicular Conjunctivitis
Blindness
Africa
L1 to 3
Lymphogranuloma venereum
Buboes
Genital Ulcer
D to K
Urethritis and PID
Neonatal Pneumonia
Staccato Cough
Neonatal Conjunctivitis
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2 mins
Coxiella burnetii
Characteristics
Gram Negative Bacteria
Intracellular
Aerosol Transmission
Affects Animal Handlers
Presentation
Q Fever
Flu-like Symptoms
Atypical Pneumonia
Hepatitis
Endocarditis
Diagnosis
Serology
Treatment
Doxycycline
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2 mins
E. coli Overview
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Bacillus
Purple Colony with Metallic Green Sheen
Lactose-Fermenting
Pink on MacConkey Agar
Disease
Diarrhea
Lipid A Septic Shock
P Pili Pyelonephritis and Cystitis
K Capsule Neonatal Meningitis
K Capsule Pneumonia
H Antigen Flagella
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2 mins
EHEC (Enterohemorrhagic E. Coli)
Characteristics
O157:H7
Non-Sorbitol Fermenting
Hamburger Meat
Produces Shiga-Like Toxin
Gram-Negative
Lysogeny
Inactivates 60 S ribosome
Disease
Bloody Diarrhea
Hemolytic Anemia
Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS)
Acute Renal Failure
Thrombocytopenia
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2 mins
Francisella tularensis
Gram-Negative
Coccobacilli
Fever
Lymphadenopathy
Deer Fly
Dermacentor Wood Tick
Rabbit skinning
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1 min
Haemophilus ducreyi
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Coccobacillus
Pleomorphic
Parallel Short Chains
School of Fish Appearance on Gram Stain
Signs and Symptoms
Chancroid
Painful Genital Ulcer
Buboes
Treatment
Azithromycin
Ceftriaxone
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2 mins
Haemophilus influenzae Characteristics
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Coccobacilli
PRP Capsule in Type B
Positive Quellung Reaction
IgA Protease
Chocolate Agar
Factor V is NAD
Factor X is Hematin
Staph Aureus Provides Factor V
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2 mins
Haemophilus Influenzae Disease
Disease
Pneumonia
Cherry Red Epiglottitis
Meningitis
Otitis Media
COPD Exacerbation
Thumbprint Sign (on X-ray)
Treatment
Rifampin Prophylaxis
Ceftriaxone
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2 mins
Helicobacter Pylori
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Bacilli
Curved
Polar Flagellum
Catalase-Positive
Oxidase-Positive
Disease
Gastric and Duodenal Ulcers
Ammonia
Alkaline Environment
Gastric adenocarcinoma
MALT lymphoma
Diagnosis
Serology IgG antibody
Stool antigen
Urease positive breath test
Biopsy
Treatment
2 ABX and PPI
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2 mins
Klebsiella Characteristics
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Bacilli
Oxidase-Negative
Intestinal Flora
Antiphagocytic Virulence Factor
Polysaccharide Capsule
Positive Quellung Reaction
Mucoid Colonies
Urease-Positive
Fast Lactose Fermenter
Pink on MacConkey Agar
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2 mins
Legionella Characteristics
Characteristics
Bacillus
Poor Gram Stain
Charcoal Yeast with Iron and Cysteine
Silver Stain
Water Sources
Smokers and Heavy Drinkers
Detect Antigen in Urine
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2 mins
Neisseria gonorrhoeae Characteristics
Characteristics
Gram Negative
Diplococci
Chocolate Agar
Thayer-Martin Media
VPN
Oxidase Positive
Glucose Fermenting
Pilus
Opa Surface Protein
Rapid Antigenic Variation
IgA Protease
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2 mins
Neisseria gonorrhoeae Disease
Signs & Symptoms
Dysuria
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
Fitz-Hugh-Curtis Syndrome
Neonatal Conjunctivitis
Pharyngitis
Septic Arthritis
Tenosynovitis
Pustules On Hands And Feet
Treatment
Ceftriaxone
Azithromycin
Doxycycline
Considerations
C5-9 Complement Deficiency (Recurrent Infections)
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2 mins
Neisseria Meningitidis
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Diplococci
Chocolate Agar
Thayer-Martin Media
VPN
Oxidase-Positive
Maltose Fermentation
Glucose Fermentation
Endotoxin
Lipooligosaccharide (LOS) in Membrane
Polysaccharide Capsule
IgA Protease
Disease
Waterhouse Friderichsen Syndrome
Adrenal Insufficiency
Petechial Rash
Treatments
Ceftriaxone
Rifampin Prophylaxis
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5 mins

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