Ron Shared "Trial Picmonics" - 26 Picmonics

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Trial Picmonics

Niemann-Pick Disease
Pathophysiology
Autosomal Recessive
Sphingomyelinase Deficiency
More Common in Ashkenazi Jewish Population
Signs and Symptoms
Cherry Red Spot on Macula
Hepatosplenomegaly
Neurodegeneration
Diagnosis
Foam Cells
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1 min
Actinomyces Israelii
Characteristics
Gram-Positive
Bacillus
Anaerobe
Branching
Oral Flora
Dental Work
Oral Trauma
Associated with IUDs
Signs and Symptoms
GU Infections
Draining Sinus Tract
Facial Abscess
Yellow Sulfur Granules
Treatment
Penicillin
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2 mins
Macrolides
Bacteriostatic
Erythromycin
Azithromycin
Clarithromycin
Bind to 23S rRNA of 50S subunit
Inhibit protein synthesis by blocking translocation
Gram-Positive Cocci
Atypical pneumonia
Chlamydia
Resistance by methylation of 23S rRNA binding
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1 min
Rhinovirus
Picornavirus
Cause of Common Cold
More than 100 Serologic Types
Destroyed by Stomach Acid
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31 secs
Gauchers Disease
Pathophysiology
Autosomal Recessive
Beta Glucocerebrosidase Deficiency
Diagnosis
Lipid-laden Macrophages
Crumpled Tissue Paper
Signs and Symptoms
Osteoporosis
Bone Crises
Aseptic Necrosis of Femur
Erlenmeyer Flask Deformity
Hepatosplenomegaly
Pancytopenia
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2 mins
MEN 1 (Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia)
Pathophysiology
Autosomal Dominant
Menin Mutation (Tumor Suppression Gene)
Chromosome 11
Signs and Symptoms
Pancreatic Endocrine Tumors
Pituitary Tumors
Parathyroid Adenomas
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2 mins
Respiratory Acidosis
Hypoventilation
Increased PaCO2 > 45
Barbiturates Depress Central Respiratory Center of Brain
Opioids Depress Central Respiratory Center of the Brain
Airway Obstruction
Respiratory Muscle Weakness/Paralysis
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3 mins
Streptococcus Pneumoniae Disease
Signs and Symptoms
Sickle Cell Anemia
Sepsis in Patients with Splenectomy
Rusty Sputum
MOPS
Meningitis
Otitis Media
Pneumonia
Sinusitis
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2 mins
Streptococcus Pneumoniae Characteristics
Characteristics
Gram-Positive
Diplococci
Lancet-Shaped
Catalase-Negative
Optochin-Sensitive
Bile Soluble
Alpha-Hemolytic
Polysaccharide Capsule
Positive Quellung Reaction
IgA Protease
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1 min
1st Generation Cephalosporin
Drug Names
Cefazolin
Cephalexin
Indications (PEcK Mnemonic)
Proteus mirabilis
E. coli
Klebsiella
Gram-Positive Cocci
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1 min
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)
Signs and Symptoms
Age > 60 Years
B Cell Neoplasm
Smudge Cells
Often Asymptomatic
Cold IgM Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia
Warm IgG Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia
Richter's Transformation
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3 mins
Lithium
Indications
Bipolar Disorder
Mechanism of Action
Mood Stabilizer
Unknown Mechanism
Side Effects
Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus
Hypothyroidism
Movement (Tremor)
Heart Block
Contraindication
Pregnancy (Ebstein's Anomaly)
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1 min
Fluoroquinolones (DEMO)
Mechanism of Action
Bactericidal
Indications
Variety of Infections
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22 secs
Huntington's Disease (DEMO)
Autosomal Dominant
Decreased GABA
Decreased Acetylcholine
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42 secs
Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DEMO)
Causes
Alcohol Use
Cocaine Use
Doxorubicin Toxicity
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1 min
Cushing Syndrome (DEMO)
More Common in Women
Endogenous Cause
Decreased ACTH
Exogenous Cause (Taken in from Outside)
Increased Glucocorticoids
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55 secs
Crohn's Disease Characteristics (DEMO)
Granulomas
Skip Lesions
Cobblestone Mucosa
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46 secs
Hodgkin's Lymphoma Characteristics (DEMO)
B Cell Origin
Owl's Eye Appearance
Bimodal Age Distribution
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1 min
Gout Disease (DEMO)
Mechanism
Acute Inflammatory Monoarthritis
Symptoms
Tophus
Podagra
Swollen, Red, Painful Joint
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1 min
Trazodone (DEMO)
Indications
Insomnia
Mechanism of Action
Inhibits Serotonin Reuptake
Side Effects
Sedation
Priapism
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55 secs

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