Andrew Shared "HSF Week 04" - 9 Picmonics

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HSF Week 04

Alveolar Gas Equation
Equation
Partial Pressure of Alveolar Oxygen (PAO2)
Partial Pressure of Oxygen in the Inspired Air (PIO2)
PIO2 Normally Approximated = 150 mmHg
Arterial Partial Pressure of CO2 (PaCO2)
Respiratory Quotient (R)
R Normally Approximated = 0.8
PAO2 = PIO2 - (PaCO2/R)
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1 min
A-a Gradient
Partial pressure of alveolar oxygen (PAO2)
Partial Pressure of Arterial O2 (PaO2)
Normal 10 to 15 mmHg
Hypoxemia with an Abnormal A-a Gradient
Diffusion problem
Shunting (Low V/Q)
Dead space (high V/Q)
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1 min
Anterior Lower Leg Anatomy
Innervation
Deep Peroneal Nerve
General Action
Dorsiflex Foot
Muscles
Tibialis Anterior
Invert Foot
Extensor Digitorum Longus
Extend 4 Toes
Extensor Hallucis Longus
Extend Great Toe
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1 min
Lateral Lower Leg Anatomy
Innervation
Superficial Peroneal Nerve
Actions
Eversion of Foot
Plantarflexion of Foot
Muscles
Fibularis Brevis
Fibularis Longus
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54 secs
Posterior Lower Leg Anatomy
Superficial Compartment
Calcaneal Tendon
Superficial Muscles
Gastrocnemius
Soleus
Plantaris
Deep compartment
Deep Muscles
Popliteus
Tibialis Posterior
Flexor Digitorum Longus
Flexor Hallucis Longus
Innervation
Tibial Nerve
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2 mins
Foot Bones
Tiger Cubs Need MILC
Talus
Calcaneus
Navicular
Medial Cuneiform
Intermediate Cuneiform
Lateral Cuneiform
Cuboid
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59 secs
ACL Tear
Mechanism
Non-contact
Popping
Sudden Stop
Change in Direction
Unhappy Triad
Sign
Lachman Test
Treatment
Reconstruction if Severe
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1 min
MCL Tear
Mechanism
Medial Knee Injury
Unhappy Triad
Football
Skiing
Sign
Valgus Stress Test
Treatment
Conservative Management
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53 secs
Meniscus Tear
Fibrocartilage Semicircular Band
Traumatic
Unhappy Triad
Degenerative
Symptoms
Clicking and Locking
McMurray Test
Pain on External Rotation
Treatment
Conservative Management
Surgery
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1 min

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