Victoria Shared "skin microbiology" - 34 Picmonics

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skin microbiology

Staphylococcus aureus Characteristics
Characteristics
Gram-Positive
Cocci
Catalase-Positive
Coagulase-Positive
Beta-Hemolytic
Protein A Virulence Factor
Inhibits Phagocytosis
MRSA
Resistant to Beta Lactams Due to Altered Penicillin Binding Proteins (PBPs)
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2 mins
Staphylococcus aureus Disease
Skin Infections
Impetigo
Abscesses
Exfoliative Toxin
Scalded Skin Syndrome
Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSST 1)
Binds to MHC II and T Cell Receptor
Food Poisoning
Acute Bacterial Endocarditis
Pneumonia
Osteomyelitis
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2 mins
Streptococcus pyogenes Characteristics
Characteristics
Group A Streptococci (GAS)
Gram-Positive
Cocci
Beta-Hemolytic
Catalase-Negative
Bacitracin-Sensitive
Hyaluronic Acid Capsule
Streptolysin O
DNase
Streptokinase
Exotoxin A
Pyrrolidonyl Arylamidase (PYR) Positive
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2 mins
Streptococcus Pyogenes Disease
Pyogenic
Pyogenic
Pyogenic Pharyngitis
Impetigo
Cellulitis
Toxigenic
Toxic Shock-Like Syndrome
Scarlet Fever
Sandpaper Rash
Strawberry Tongue
Immunologic
Immunologic
Rheumatic Fever
Antibodies to M Protein
Acute Glomerulonephritis (Post Streptococcal Glomerulonephritis)
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2 mins
Vitamin A (Retinol) Toxicity
Signs and Symptoms
Alopecia
Vision Changes
Headache
Skin Changes
Hyperlipidemia
Hepatotoxicity
Arthralgias
Teratogen
Cleft palate
Cardiac Abnormalities
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3 mins
Clostridium perfringens
Characteristics
Gram-Positive
Bacillus
Anaerobe
Spore-Forming
Alpha Toxin Lecithinase
Phospholipase
Heat Labile Enterotoxin
Signs and Symptoms
Myonecrosis
Gas Gangrene
Food Poisoning and Diarrhea
Treatment
Hyperbaric O2 Chamber
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2 mins
Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Disease
Signs and Symptoms
Pneumonia
Cystic Fibrosis
Burn Wounds
Hot tub folliculitis
Urinary Tract Infections
Osteomyelitis associated with IV drug use
Osteomyelitis from Shoe Puncture Wound
Diabetic Osteomyelitis
Corneal Infections in contact lens users
Endocarditis
Ecthyma Gangrenosum
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3 mins
Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Characteristics
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Bacillus
Aerobic
Pyocyanin Pigment
Blue-green Pigment
Grape like odor
Non-lactose Fermenting
Polysaccharide Capsule
Catalase-Positive
Oxidase-Positive
Inactivates Elongation Factor 2
Exotoxin A
Endotoxin
Water sources
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3 mins
Mycobacterium leprae
Aerobic
Acid Fast
Likes Cool Temperature
Tuberculoid leprosy
Granulomatous response
Positive Lepromin Skin Test
Dapsone
Rifampin
Lepromatous leprosy
Weak Immune System
Leonine facies
Negative Lepromin Skin Test
Clofazimine
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2 mins
Borrelia burgdorferi
Characteristics
Lyme Disease
Spirochete
Dark-field Microscopy
Giemsa Stain
Silver Stain
White-footed Mouse
Ixodes Tick
Babesia
Anaplasmosis
Signs & Symptoms
Flu-like Symptoms
Erythema Migrans
Bulls Eye Rash
Bilateral Bell's Palsy
Conduction Defects
Arthropathy
Treatments
Doxycycline
Ceftriaxone
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3 mins
Rickettsia
Need CoA and NAD
Rocky Mountain spotted fever
Typhus
Ehrlichiosis
Q fever
Arthropod vector
Fever
Headache
Rash
Weil-Felix reaction
Treatment doxycycline
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1 min
Francisella tularensis
Gram-Negative
Coccobacilli
Fever
Lymphadenopathy
Deer Fly
Dermacentor Wood Tick
Rabbit skinning
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1 min
Yersinia Pestis (Black Plague)
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Bacilli
Oxidase-Negative
Non-lactose Fermenting
Prairie Dogs
Fleas
Polysaccharide Capsule
Vw Antigen
F1 Antigen
Inhibits Macrophages
Southwest Region
Signs and Symptoms
Lymphadenopathy
Pneumonia
Black Cutaneous Hemorrhagic Lesions
Buboes
Diagnosis
Bipolar Giemsa Staining
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3 mins
Bacillus Anthracis (Anthrax) Disease
Signs and Symptoms
Cutaneous
Painless Black Eschar (Necrotic Lesion)
Pulmonary
Mediastinal Widening
Rapidly Fatal
Woolsorter's Disease
Gastrointestinal
Consuming Anthrax-infected Meat
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2 mins
Bacillus Anthracis (Anthrax) Characteristics
Characteristics
Gram-Positive
Spore-Forming
D-glutamate Polypeptide Capsule
Protective Antigen
Lethal Toxin
Edema Factor
Increased cAMP
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1 min
Osteomyelitis
Cause/Mechanism
Bone Infection
Assessment
Warmth
Edema
Constant Bone Pain
Fever
Interventions
IV Antibiotics
Implanted Beads
Hyperbaric Oxygen
Surgical Removal of Ischemic Tissue
Considerations
Elevated ESR
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3 mins
Rubeola Virus
Characteristics
RNA Virus
Paramyxovirus
Signs and Symptoms
Measles
Rash Spreads From Head to Toe
Koplik Spots First
Red Spots with Blue-White Center on Buccal Mucosa
Cough
Coryza
Conjunctivitis
Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis
Giant Cell Pneumonia in Immunosuppressed Patients
Warthin-Finkeldey Multinucleated Giant Cells
Treatment
Vitamin A
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3 mins
Rubella
Characteristics
RNA Virus
Togavirus
Enveloped
Icosahedral
SS Positive Linear
Signs and Symptoms
German Measles or Three-Day Measles
Fever
Postauricular Tenderness
Lymphadenopathy
Truncal Rash
Arthritis
Congenital TORCH Infection
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2 mins
Rubella TORCH
Signs and Symptoms
Nonspecific TORCH Symptoms
Patent Ductus Arteriosus
Pulmonary Artery Hypoplasia
Cataracts
Deafness
Blueberry Muffin Rash
Glaucoma
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1 min
Parvovirus B19
Characteristics
DNA
Single Stranded
Linear
Smallest DNA virus
Non-enveloped
Signs and Symptoms
5th Disease
Slapped Cheek Rash in Children
Erythema Infectiosum
Hydrops Fetalis
RBC aplasia
Arthritis in Adults
Aplastic Crisis in Sickle Cell
Myocarditis
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2 mins

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