Carlos Shared "06 Biochem Metabolism" - 40 Picmonics

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing. Whether you're studying for your classes or getting ready for a big exam, we're here to help.

06 Biochem Metabolism

Anaerobic Respiration
Cytosol
Glucose
Glycolysis
Substrate-level ATP Phosphorylation
2 NADH
2 Net ATP
2 Pyruvate
Fermentation
NAD+ Regeneration
Waste Byproduct
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Aerobic Respiration
Mitochondrial Matrix
2 Pyruvate
Pyruvate Decarboxylation
2 NADH
2 Acetyl-CoA
Krebs Cycle
6 NADH
2 FADH2
2 Substrate Level ATPs
picmonic thumbnail
1 min
Energy Releasing Pathways: Accounting
Characteristics
Anaerobic Respiration
2 ATP
2 NADH
Aerobic Respiration
8 NADH
2 FADH2
2 ATP
Oxidative Phosphorylation
34 ATP
2 ATP Lost
36 Net Total ATP
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Deficiency
Characteristics
Acquired from Thiamine Deficiency
Backup of Alanine and Pyruvate
Symptoms and Complications
Neurologic Defects
Lactic Acidosis
Interventions
Ketogenic Nutrients
Lysine and Leucine (Ketogenic Nutrients)
picmonic thumbnail
56 secs
Arsenic Poisoning
Symptoms/Findings
Vomiting
Rice-water stools
Garlic breath
Can be found in Pesticides and Contaminated water
Carcinogen
Angiosarcoma
Lung Cancer
Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lung
Treatment
Dimercaprol
Succimer
picmonic thumbnail
Pyruvate Metabolism
Glucose
Glycolysis
Pyruvate
Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT)
Alanine
Pyruvate carboxylase
Oxaloacetate
Pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH)
Acetyl-CoA
Lactic Acid Dehydrogenase (LDH)
Lactate
picmonic thumbnail
Citric Acid Cycle (Krebs Cycle)
Characteristics
Acetyl-CoA + Oxaloacetate
Citric Acid
Isocitric Acid
Produces NADH
Alpha-Ketoglutaric Acid
Produces NADH
Succinyl CoA
Produces GTP
Succinate
Produces FADH2
Fumarate
Uses Water
Malate
Produces NADH
Oxaloacetate
picmonic thumbnail
4 mins
Oxidative Phosphorylation
Inner Mitochondrial Membrane
Electron Transport Chain
Oxygen is Final Electron Acceptor
Proton Pump
Proton Motive Force
ATP Synthase
1 NADH 3 ATP
1 FADH2 2 ATP
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
G6PD Mechanism
Turns NADP+ to NADPH
NADPH Used by Glutathione Reductase
Detoxifies Free Radicals and Peroxides
X-linked Recessive
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
G6PD Deficiency
X-linked Recessive
Hemolytic Anemia
Inflammatory Response
Fava Beans
Sulfonamides
Primaquine
Anti TB Drugs
Heinz Bodies
Bite Cells
Prevalent Among African Americans due to Increased Malarial Resistance
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Fructose Metabolism
Fructose
Fructokinase
Fructose-1-P
Aldolase B
Glyceraldehyde
Glycerol
Triose Kinase
Dihydroxyacetone-P
Glyceraldehyde-3-P (G3P)
Glycolysis
picmonic thumbnail
Essential Fructosuria
Autosomal Recessive
Defect in fructokinase
Fructose to fructose 1-P
Benign
Fructose appears in blood and urine
Fructose does not enter cells
picmonic thumbnail
53 secs
Fructose Intolerance
Pathophysiology
Deficiency of Aldolase B
Fructose 1-P To DHAP And GA
Accumulation Of Fructose-1-Phosphate
Inhibition Of Glycogenolysis
Inhibition Of Gluconeogenesis
Clinical Features
Hypoglycemia
Vomiting
Jaundice
Cirrhosis
Autosomal Recessive
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Galactose Metabolism
Galactose
Galactokinase
Aldose Reductase
Galactitol
Galactose-1-P
Galactose-1-phosphate Uridyltransferase
UDP-Galactose
UDP-Glucose
Glucose-1-P
Glycolysis/Glycogenesis
picmonic thumbnail
Galactokinase Deficiency
Autosomal Recessive
Galactose to galactose 1P
Galactose appears in blood and urine
Benign
Infantile Cataracts
Failure to develop a social smile
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Classic Galactosemia
Pathophysiology
Autosomal Recessive
Galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase is Absent (GALT)
Impaired Galactose-1-P to UDP-Galactose
Galactitol Accumulation in Lens
Signs and Symptoms
Infantile Cataracts
Failure to Thrive
Hepatomegaly
Jaundice
Intellectual Disability (Mental retardation)
Increased Risk E. Coli Sepsis
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Sorbitol Metabolism
SORBITOL METABOLISM
Glucose
Aldose Reductase
Sorbitol
Sorbitol Dehydrogenase
Fructose
Has Sorbitol Dehydrogenase
Liver
Ovaries
Seminal vesicle
Lacks Sorbitol Dehydrogenase
Lens and Retina
Kidney
Schwann Cell
SORBITOL DEHYDROGENASE DEFICIENCY
Cataracts
Diabetes
Retinopathy
Glomerular Disease
Peripheral Neuropathy
picmonic thumbnail
Cahill and Cori Cycle
Protein Lysis
Amino Acids
α-Ketoacids
Energy
α-Ketoglutarate
Glutamate
ALT
Alanine
Alanine in Blood
Alanine
ALT
Pyruvate
Glucose
Glucose
Glucose
Pyruvate
Lactate
Lactate
Lactate
α-Ketoglutarate
Glutamate
GDH
α-Ketoglutarate
NH4
Urea
Kidney
Urine
AST
α-Ketoglutarate
Oxaloacetate
Aspartate
NH3
Muscle to Blood to Liver
picmonic thumbnail
Hyperammonemia
Pathophysiology
Hereditary Urea Cycle Defects
Acquired Through Liver Disease
Inhibits the Citric Acid Cycle
Signs & Symptoms
Somnolence
Slurring of Speech
Tremor
Cerebral Edema
Vomiting
Blurring of Vision
Treatment
Limit Protein in Diet
Lactulose
Benzoate Binds Amino Acid for Excretion
Phenylbutyrate
picmonic thumbnail
4 mins
Ornithine Transcarbamylase Deficiency
Pathophysiology
Most Common Urea Cycle Disorder
X-Linked Recessive
Signs and Symptoms
Hyperammonemia
Decreased BUN
Carbamoyl Phosphate is Converted to Orotic Acid
Pyrimidine Synthesis Pathway
Evident in Babies
picmonic thumbnail
3 mins

Ace Your Medicine (MD/DO) Classes & Exams with Picmonic:

Over 1,180,000 students use Picmonic’s picture mnemonics to improve knowledge, retention, and exam performance.

Choose the #1 Medicine (MD/DO) student study app.

Picmonic for Medicine (MD/DO) covers information that is relevant to your entire Medicine (MD/DO) education. Whether you’re studying for your classes or getting ready to conquer the USMLE Step 1, USMLE Step 2 CK, COMLEX Level 1, or COMLEX Level 2, we’re here to help.

Works better than traditional Medicine (MD/DO) flashcards.

Research shows that students who use Picmonic see a 331% improvement in memory retention and a 50% improvement in test scores.

It's worth every penny