Nick Shared "Eva Block 2" - 56 Picmonics

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Eva Block 2

Staphylococcus aureus Characteristics
Characteristics
Gram-Positive
Cocci
Catalase-Positive
Coagulase-Positive
Beta-Hemolytic
Protein A Virulence Factor
Inhibits Phagocytosis
MRSA
Resistant to Beta Lactams Due to Altered Penicillin Binding Proteins (PBPs)
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2 mins
Staphylococcus aureus Disease
Skin Infections
Impetigo
Abscesses
Exfoliative Toxin
Scalded Skin Syndrome
Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSST 1)
Binds to MHC II and T Cell Receptor
Food Poisoning
Acute Bacterial Endocarditis
Pneumonia
Osteomyelitis
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2 mins
Staphylococcus epidermidis
Characteristics
Cocci
Gram-Positive
Catalase-Positive
Urease-Positive
Coagulase-Negative
Novobiocin-Sensitive
Component of Normal Skin Flora
Infects Prosthetic Devices and IV Catheters
Contaminates Blood Cultures
Produces Adherent Biofilms
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2 mins
Staphylococcus saprophyticus
Characteristics
Gram-Positive
Cocci
Catalase-Positive
Coagulase-Negative
Novobiocin-Resistant
Urease-Positive
Disease
Urinary Tract Infections (UTI's)
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1 min
Streptococcus pyogenes Characteristics
Characteristics
Group A Streptococci (GAS)
Gram-Positive
Cocci
Beta-Hemolytic
Catalase-Negative
Bacitracin-Sensitive
Hyaluronic Acid Capsule
Streptolysin O
DNase
Streptokinase
Exotoxin A
Pyrrolidonyl Arylamidase (PYR) Positive
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2 mins
Streptococcus Pyogenes Disease
Pyogenic
Pyogenic
Pyogenic Pharyngitis
Impetigo
Cellulitis
Toxigenic
Toxic Shock-Like Syndrome
Scarlet Fever
Sandpaper Rash
Strawberry Tongue
Immunologic
Immunologic
Rheumatic Fever
Antibodies to M Protein
Acute Glomerulonephritis (Post Streptococcal Glomerulonephritis)
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2 mins
Streptococcus agalactiae
Characteristics
Group B Streptococci
Gram-Positive
Cocci
Beta-Hemolytic
Bacitracin-Resistant
Catalase-Negative
Pyrrolidonyl Arylamidase (PYR) Negative
Polysaccharide Capsule
Hippurate Positive (+)
Produces CAMP Factor
Enlarges Area of Hemolysis by S. aureus
Disease
Mainly in Babies
Meningitis
Pneumonia
Sepsis
Colonizes Vagina
Treatment
Screen Pregnant Women at 35-37 Weeks
Penicillin
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3 mins
Enterococci
Characteristics
Gram-Positive Cocci
Catalase Negative
6.5% NaCl
Grows in Bile
Normal Colonic Flora
Signs and Symptoms
Urinary Tract Infection
Subacute Endocarditis
Penicillin Resistant
VRE (Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci)
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2 mins
Streptococcus Pneumoniae Characteristics
Characteristics
Gram-Positive
Diplococci
Lancet-Shaped
Catalase-Negative
Optochin-Sensitive
Bile Soluble
Alpha-Hemolytic
Polysaccharide Capsule
Positive Quellung Reaction
IgA Protease
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1 min
Streptococcus Pneumoniae Disease
Signs and Symptoms
Sickle Cell Anemia
Sepsis in Patients with Splenectomy
Rusty Sputum
MOPS
Meningitis
Otitis Media
Pneumonia
Sinusitis
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2 mins
Streptococcus viridans
Characteristics
Gram-Positive
Cocci
Catalase-Negative
Alpha-Hemolytic
Optochin-Resistant
Not Bile Soluble
Normal Flora of Oropharynx
Synthesize Dextrans from Sucrose
Disease
Dental Caries
Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis
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2 mins
E. coli Overview
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Bacillus
Purple Colony with Metallic Green Sheen
Lactose-Fermenting
Pink on MacConkey Agar
Disease
Diarrhea
Lipid A Septic Shock
P Pili Pyelonephritis and Cystitis
K Capsule Neonatal Meningitis
K Capsule Pneumonia
H Antigen Flagella
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2 mins
EHEC (Enterohemorrhagic E. Coli)
Characteristics
O157:H7
Non-Sorbitol Fermenting
Hamburger Meat
Produces Shiga-Like Toxin
Gram-Negative
Lysogeny
Inactivates 60 S ribosome
Disease
Bloody Diarrhea
Hemolytic Anemia
Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS)
Acute Renal Failure
Thrombocytopenia
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2 mins
Shigella
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Bacilli
Non Lactose Fermenting
White on Macconkey Agar
Oxidase Negative
Non H2S Producing
Day Care Centers
High Virulence
Replicates Intracellularly
Actin Rocket
Signs and Symptoms
Bloody Diarrhea
Shiga Toxin
Inhibits 60S Ribosome
Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS)
Hemolytic Anemia
Thrombocytopenia
Kidney Failure
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3 mins
Salmonella Typhi
Characteristics
Colonizes Gallbladder
Monocytic Immune Response
Symptoms
Typhoid Fever
Abdominal Pain
Rose Spots on Abdomen
Constipation Followed by Diarrhea
Treatments
Ceftriaxone
Fluoroquinolones
Considerations
Oral Vaccine - Live
IM Vaccine - Capsular Polysaccharide
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2 mins
Salmonella Enterica Spp.
Characteristics
Animal and Human Reservoir
Poultry and Eggs
Turtles
PMN Immune Response
Symptoms
Gastroenteritis
Diarrhea
Possibly Bloody
Treatments
No Antibiotics
No Vaccine Available
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2 mins
Klebsiella Characteristics
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Bacilli
Oxidase-Negative
Intestinal Flora
Antiphagocytic Virulence Factor
Polysaccharide Capsule
Positive Quellung Reaction
Mucoid Colonies
Urease-Positive
Fast Lactose Fermenter
Pink on MacConkey Agar
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2 mins
Klebsiella Disease
Signs and Symptoms
Aspiration Pneumonia
Alcoholics
Diabetics
Red Currant Jelly Sputum
Lung Abscess
Nosocomial Urinary Tract Infection
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2 mins
Proteus Mirabilis
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Bacillus
Oxidase Negative
Urease-Positive
Swarming Motility
Non-lactose Fermenting
Symptoms
Urinary Tract Infection
Struvite Crystals
Staghorn Kidney Stones
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2 mins
Vibrio Cholera Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Bacilli
Glucose fermenting
Non-lactose fermenting
Oxidase positive
Comma Shaped
Thrives in alkaline environment
Crustaceans
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1 min

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