Jose Shared "Musculoskeletal 2" - 40 Picmonics

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Musculoskeletal 2

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Median Nerve Entrapment
Compression at Carpal Tunnel
Numbness, Tingling and Pain in Hand
Diagnosis
Phalen's Maneuver
Tinel's Sign
Treatment
Splints
Surgery
Steroids
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2 mins
Anterior Shoulder Dislocation
Axillary Nerve Damage
Axillary Artery
Rotator Cuff Injury
Supraspinatus Tendon
Anterior Glenohumeral Ligament
Anatomic Lesions
Bankart's Lesion
Hill-Sachs Lesion
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1 min
ACL Tear
Mechanism
Non-contact
Popping
Sudden Stop
Change in Direction
Unhappy Triad
Sign
Lachman Test
Treatment
Reconstruction if Severe
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1 min
MCL Tear
Mechanism
Medial Knee Injury
Unhappy Triad
Football
Skiing
Sign
Valgus Stress Test
Treatment
Conservative Management
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53 secs
Meniscus Tear
Fibrocartilage Semicircular Band
Traumatic
Unhappy Triad
Degenerative
Symptoms
Clicking and Locking
McMurray Test
Pain on External Rotation
Treatment
Conservative Management
Surgery
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1 min
Compartment Syndrome Assessment
Mechanism
Trauma
Increased Pressure
Compressed Nerves and Blood Vessels
Assessment
1 or more of 6 P's
Considerations
May take Days to develop
Early Detection
Ischemia
Damage often Irreversible
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1 min
Cauda Equina Syndrome
Acute Loss of Lumbar Plexus Function
Surgical Emergency
Saddle Anesthesia
Causes
Inflammatory Disorders
Spinal Stenosis
Trauma
Lesions
Symptoms
Urinary and Fecal Incontinence
Sciatica
Diagnosis
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
Clinical
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1 min
Brachial Plexus Roots
C5 through T1
Long Thoracic nerve
Dorsal Scapular Nerve
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42 secs
Brachial Plexus Trunks
Superior Trunk
Suprascapular Nerve
Middle Trunk
Inferior Trunk
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1 min
Brachial Plexus Divisions
Anterior (Division)
Posterior (Division)
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27 secs
Brachial Plexus Cords
Lateral Cord
Lateral Pectoral Nerve
Posterior Cord
Upper Subscapular Nerve
Thoracodorsal Nerve
Lower Subscapular Nerve
Medial Cord
Medial Pectoral Nerve
Medial Cutaneous Nerve of Arm and Forearm
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1 min
Brachial Plexus Branches
Musculocutaneous nerve
Axillary Nerve
Radial nerve
Median Nerve
Ulnar Nerve
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56 secs
Nerve Palsies - Erb's Palsy (Waiter's tip)
Nerves
C5-C6 Roots
Superior (Upper) Trunk
Causes
Lateral Traction on Neck during Delivery
Trauma in Adults
Functional Deficit
Deltoid
Infraspinatus
Biceps Brachii
Presentation
Waiter's Tip Deformity
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2 mins
Nerve Palsies - Klumpke's Palsy
Nerve
C8 to T1 Roots
Lower Trunk
Causes
Upward Arm Force during Delivery
Adult Trauma
Grabbing Tree Branch to Break a Fall
Muscle Affected
Intrinsic Hand Muscles
Presentation
Claw Hand
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1 min
Osteoporosis Assessment
Highest Risk
Postmenopausal Women
Long Term Corticosteroids
Assessment
Kyphosis
Dowager's Hump
Loss of Height
Back Pain
Pathologic Fractures
Spinal Compression Fracture
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1 min
Osteoporosis Interventions
Increased Calcium Intake
Vitamin D Supplements
Bisphosphonates
Raloxifene
Denosumab
Calcitonin
Teriparatide
Bone Densitometry (DEXA) Scan
Weight Bearing Exercises
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2 mins
Osteopetrosis (Marble Bone Disease)
Pathophysiology
Defective Osteoclast Resorption
Carbonic Anhydrase II Mutation
Lack of Acidic Environment
Symptoms
Fractures
Nerve Palsies
Diagnosis
Myelophthisic Anemia
Erlenmeyer Flask Bones
Normal ALP and PTH
Normal Calcium and Phosphorus
Bone-in-bone Appearance
Treatment
Bone Marrow Transplant
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2 mins
Paget's Disease of Bone
Pathophysiology
Men > Age 40
Increased Osteoblast and Osteoclast activity
Mosaic Pattern
Signs and Symptoms
Increased Skull Diameter
Hearing Loss
Fractures
Bone Ache and Joint Pain
High Output Heart Failure
Diagnosis
Bone Scan
Normal Parathyroid hormone (PTH) and Calcium
Elevated ALP
Treatment
Bisphosphonate
Calcitonin
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2 mins
Osteogenesis Imperfecta
Pathophysiology
Autosomal Dominant
Decreased Type I Collagen Production
Symptoms
Phenotypically Diverse
Brittle Bone Disease
Fractures from Minimal Trauma
Confused with Child Abuse
Hearing Loss
Dental Imperfections
Blue Sclera
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1 min
Gout Disease
Acute Inflammatory Monoarthritis
Epidemiology
Primarily in Males
Pathophysiology
Precipitation of Monosodium Urate Crystals
Underexcretion of Uric Acid
Overproduction of Uric Acid
Negatively Birefringent, Needle-Shaped
Symptoms
Swollen, Red, Painful Joint
Asymmetric Joint Distribution
Podagra
Tophus
After Large Meal or Alcohol
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2 mins

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