Kstevick1386 Shared "psychiatric disorders" - 15 Picmonics

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psychiatric disorders

Bipolar Disorder Assessment
Mechanism
Neurotransmitter Dysregulation and Genetic Factors
Mania Signs and Symptoms
Euphoric Mood
Nonstop Physical Activity
Flight of Ideas
Rapid Speech
Depression Signs and Symptoms
Mood Changes
Sad Affect
Psychomotor Retardation
Suicidal Thoughts
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2 mins
Bipolar Disorder Interventions
Drug Therapy
Lithium
Valproic Acid (Valproate)
Lamotrigine
Manic Episode
Hospitalization
Nutrition
Hygiene
Depressive Episode
Monitor for Vegetative Signs
Suicide Precautions
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2 mins
Bipolar Disorder Pharm
Lithium or Valproate: First line
Frequent Relapse: Add antiepileptics or antipsychotics
Kidney failure: Valproate
Pregnancy
Lithium and Lamotrigine ok
Valproate and Carbamazapine contraindicated
Lamotrigine more useful for bipolar depression
Lithium best for mania
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Lithium
Mechanism of Action
Mood Stabilizer
Unknown Mechanism
Indications
Bipolar Disorder
Side Effects
Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus
Hypothyroidism
Tremor
Heart Block
Contraindication
Pregnancy
Considerations
Monitor Plasma Levels
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2 mins
Mood Disorders and imitators
Dissociative disorders (not true mood disorders)
Acute stress disorder
PTSD
Dysphoria after a TRIGGER (not true mood disorder)
Grief
Adjustment disorder
Post-partum blues
Actual Mood Disorders
Major depressive disorder
Mood disorders with Mania
Manic/Hypomanic episodes
Bipolar 1 disorder
Bipolar 2 disorder
Cyclothymia
Any mood disorder can present with psychotic features
Dysthymia (persistent depressive disorder)
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Mood Disorders (other)
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)
Persistent Depressive Disorder (PDD, Dysthymia)
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
Tx: Phototherapy
Atypical Depression: Leaden Paralysis, Rejection Sensitivity
Tx: Phototherapy, MAOIs
Postpartum Blues (< 10 days) vs. Depression
Postpartum Psychosis
Risk Factors: Bipolar Disorder, 1st Pregnancy
Tx: Hospitalization + SGAs (Risperidone)
Depression with Insomnia
Tx: Trazodone, Mirtazapine
Monoamine Hypothesis: Dec. 5-HT, NE, DA
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Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Assessment
Repetitive and Intrusive Thoughts
Suppressed by Thought or Action
Interferes with Daily Functioning
May or May Not Be Aware
Interventions
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)
Clomipramine
Venlafaxine
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3 mins
Clozapine (Clozaril)
Mechanism
Atypical Antipsychotic
Indications
Schizophrenia
Levodopa-Induced Psychosis
Side Effects
Weight Gain
Hypersalivation (Sialorrhea)
Myocarditis
Agranulocytosis
Sedation
Orthostatic Hypotension
Constipation (Risk of Bowel Ileus)
Considerations
Weekly Lab Tests
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2 mins
Antipsychotics Overview
Indications
Schizophrenia
Tourette's Syndrome
Mechanism of Action
Lipid-Soluble
Block Dopamine Receptors
Side Effects
Galactorrhea
Tardive Dyskinesia
Anticholinergic
Alpha1 Antagonist
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2 mins
Schizophrenia
Increased Dopamine
Young Adult (20-30 Years)
Positive Symptoms
Delusions
Hallucinations
Disorganized Speech
Disorganized Behavior
Negative Symptoms
Flat Affect
Anhedonia
Poverty Of Thought/Speech
Declining Mental Function
Any 2 sx at least one from 1-3
Rule out drug
Antipsychotics
Increased Serotonin
Decrease Of GABA
chart
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Schizophrenia Assessment
Positive Symptoms
Hallucinations
Delusions
Associative Looseness
Negative Symptoms
Flat Affect
Poverty of Thought
Absence of Something that Should be Present
Cognitive Symptoms
Illogical Thinking
Impaired Judgment and Memory
Affective Symptoms
Dysphoria
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2 mins
Schizophrenia Interventions
Drug Therapy
Antipsychotics
Interventions
Build Trust
Assistance with Self-care
Reality Testing
Monitor for Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome
Monitor for Tardive Dyskinesia
Family Therapy
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2 mins
Child and Elder Physical Abuse Assessment
Physical Abuse
Inconsistent Injuries
Delay in Treatment
Various Stages of Healing
Child Abuse
Symmetrical Burns
Sexually Transmitted Infection
Bloody/Torn Undergarments
Shaken Baby Syndrome
Elder Abuse
Poor Hygiene
Overmedication
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2 mins
Substance Abuse Assessment
Changes in Mood
Poor Hygiene
Odd Sleep Patterns
Frequent Injuries
Relationship or Job Difficulty
Poor Performance
Anorexia OR Weight Loss
Social Isolation
Financial Problems
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2 mins
Alcohol Abuse Assessment
Intoxication
CNS Depression
Withdrawal
Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome
Medical Complications
GI Distress
Cardiomyopathy
Pancreatitis
Cirrhosis
Immunosuppression
Sexual Dysfunction
Considerations
Screening (Assessments)
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2 mins

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