Kimm Shared "cards" - 123 Picmonics

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cards

Circle of Willis
Characteristics
Anterior Cerebral Artery (ACA) Supplies Motor/Sensory Parts of the Cortex for Lower Extremities
Anterior Communicating Artery (Acomm) Connects ACA to ACA
Internal Carotid Arteries (ICA)
Middle Cerebral Arteries (MCA) Supply Cortex for Upper Limbs and Face
Posterior Communicating Artery (Pcomm) Connects ICA to PCA
Posterior Cerebral Arteries (PCA) Supply Occipital Cortex
Basilar Artery Supplies Medulla, Pons, and PCA
3 mins
Leg Arteries
Descending Aorta
Iliac (Ilium)
Common Femoral
Deep Femoral
Superficial Femoral
Popliteal
Anterior Tibial
Posterior Tibial
Peroneal
Dorsalis Pedis
2 mins
Leg Veins
Inferior Vena Cava
Common Iliac (Ilium)
External Iliac (Ilium)
Great Saphenous
Femoral
Popliteal
Small Saphenous
Anterior Tibial
Posterior Tibial
1 min
Fetal Circulation
Placenta
Umbilical Vein
Ductus Venosus
Right Atrium
Foramen Ovale
Left Atrium
Aorta
Right Ventricle
Ductus Arteriosus
Umbilical Arteries
2 mins
Postnatal Circulation
Infant Breathes
Decreased Pressure in Pulmonary Vasculature
Decreased Right Heart Pressure
Increased Left Atrial Pressure
Closes Foramen Ovale
Increased O2
Decreased Prostaglandins
Closed Ductus Arteriosus
Pharmacologic Intervention of Ductus Arteriosus
Open with Prostaglandins
Closed with Indomethacin
3 mins
Coronary Arteries
Aortic Root
Right Coronary Artery (RCA)
Right (Acute) Marginal Artery
Posterior Descending Artery (PDA)
Left Coronary Artery (LCA)
Left Anterior Descending (LAD) Artery
Circumflex Artery
Left Marginal Artery
1 min
Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF)
Features
Blue Baby Syndrome
Mechanism
PROVe Acronym
Pulmonary Infundibular Stenosis
Right Ventricular Hypertrophy
Overriding Aorta
Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)
Diagnosis and Treatment
Boot-Shaped Heart
Squatting for Tet Spells
Surgery
2 mins
Patent Ductus Arteriosus
Continuous
Machine like murmur
Often Due to Congenital Rubella
Prematurity
1 min
TIMI Score (Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction)
Use
Mortality Predictor
Unstable Angina or NSTEMI
2 Week Risk of Death and Ischemic Events
AMERICA (Each is +1)
Age Greater or Equal to 65
Markers Elevated
EKG ST Changes (Greater or Equal to 0.5mm)
Risk Factors for CAD (Coronary Artery Disease)
Ischemia (2 Anginal Events in 24 Hours)
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)
Aspirin Use in the Last 7 Days
3 mins
CHA2DS2-VASc for Stroke Risk in Atrial Fibrillation
CHF (+1)
Hypertension (+1)
Age 75 + (+2)
Diabetes (+1)
Stroke or TIA or Thromboembolism History (+2)
Vascular Disease (+1)
Age 65-75 Years (+1)
Sex Female (+1)
Interpretation
0 = No Anticoagulation
1 = Consider Anticoagulation
2 = Anticoagulation
3 mins
Duke Criteria for Infective Endocarditis
Major Criteria
Blood Culture Positive
Endocardial Involvement
Minor Criteria
Fever
Immunologic Phenomena
Vascular Phenomena
Predisposition
Microbiological Evidence
Diagnosis
Two Major Criteria, or
One Major and Three Minor Criteria, or
Five Minor Criteria
4 mins
Parts of an ECG
PQRST
P Wave
Atrial Depolarization
QRS Complex
Ventricular Depolarization
T Wave
Ventricular Repolarization
2 mins
ECG Interpretation
Rate
Rhythm
P Waves
Upright, Rounded, Before Every QRS
PR Interval (< 0.20 seconds)
Normal QRS (< 0.12 seconds)
2 mins
ECG: Sinus Bradycardia
Rate
< 60 bpm
Rhythm
Regular
P Wave
Present, Upright, Every QRS
PR Interval
< 0.20 seconds
QRS Interval
< 0.12 seconds
Treatment
Atropine
1 min
ECG: Sinus Tachycardia
Rate
> 100 bpm
Rhythm
Regular
P Wave
Present, Upright, Every QRS
PR Interval
< 0.20 seconds
QRS Interval
< 0.12 seconds
Treatment
Treat Underlying Cause
2 mins
ECG: Atrial Flutter
Rate
Variable
Rhythm
Regular or Irregular
P Wave
Saw Tooth, Multiple Before Every QRS
PR Interval
Non-measurable
QRS Interval
< 0.12 seconds
2 mins
ECG: Atrial Fibrillation
Rate
Variable Rate
Rhythm
Irregular Rhythm
P Wave
No P Wave
PR Interval
No PR Interval
QRS Interval
QRS < 0.12 Seconds
1 min
12 Lead Contiguous Leads - Lateral Wall MI
Leads Elevated
Lead I
Lead aVL
Lead V5
Lead V6
Artery Affected
Circumflex
1 min
12 Lead Contiguous Leads - Anterior Wall MI
Leads Elevated
Lead V3
Lead V4
Artery Affected
Left Anterior Descending (LAD)
55 secs
12 Lead Contiguous Leads - Inferior Wall MI
Leads Elevated
Lead II
Lead III
Lead aVF
Artery Affected
Right Coronary Artery (RCA)
55 secs

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