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MS - Physiology I Exam #1
Cardiac Cycle - Systole
AV Node Conducts Signal to Bundle of His
Bundle of His Signals Purkinje Fibers to Contract Ventricles
High-pitched Holosystolic Murmer (over left sternal border)
Dyspnea and Respiratory Distress
Loud Pulmonic S2
Small VSDs Close Spontaneously
Large VSDs Require Surgery
Patent Ductus Arteriosus
Machine like murmur
Often Due to Congenital Rubella
Persistent Truncus Arteriosus
Common Arterial Trunk
Single Trunk Emerges from Both Ventricles
Single S2 Sound
Early Surgical Correction
Avoids Pulmonary Hypertension
Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF)
Blue Baby Syndrome
Pulmonary Infundibular Stenosis
Right Ventricular Hypertrophy
Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)
Diagnosis and Treatment
Squatting for Tet Spells
Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return (TAPVR)
Pulmonary Veins Do Not Connect to Left Atrium
Oxygenated Blood Return to Right Atrium
Incompatible with Life without a Shunt
Vessel Enters at an Acute Angle
Delayed Manifestation (1 or 2 years)
Right Heart Failure
Chest X-ray Shows "Snowman"
Transposition of Great Vessels
Pulmonary and Systemic Circulation are in Parallel
Incompatible with Life Without a Shunt
Severe Cyanosis at Birth
Single S2 sound
Chest X-ray shows "Egg-shaped Silhouette"
Balloon Atrial Septostomy
Coarctation of The Aorta
Constriction of a Portion of Aorta
BP Higher in Upper Extremities, Right Arm
3 Sign on Chest X-Ray
12 Lead Contiguous Leads - Lateral Wall MI
12 Lead Contiguous Leads - Anterior Wall MI
Left Anterior Descending (LAD)
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