Kaighla Shared "a. test 4" - 18 Picmonics

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a. test 4

Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)
Mechanism
Atherosclerosis
Assessment
Intermittent Claudication
Pain with Exercise
Paresthesias
Arterial Ulcers
Critical Limb Ischemia
Amputation
Consideration
Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI)
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1 min
Arterial Ulcer Assessment
Absent or Decreased Pulses
Intermittent Claudication
Sharp Pain
Dependent Rubor
Well Defined Edges
Over Bony Areas
Smooth, Shiny Skin
Toes, Heels, Lateral Lower Legs
Cool
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2 mins
Arterial Ulcer Interventions
Saline Dressing
Structured Exercise Programs
Fibrinolytics
Antiplatelet Medication
No Caffeine, Nicotine
Surgery
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1 min
Chronic Venous Insufficiency (Venous Stasis Ulcer) Assessment
Venous Stasis Ulcer
Uneven Edges
Dull Persistent Pain
Medial Malleolus
Necrotic
Normal Pulses
Lower Leg Edema
Bronze-Brown Pigmentation
Warm
Pruritus
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2 mins
Chronic Venous Insufficiency (Venous Stasis Ulcer) Interventions
Frequently Elevate Legs
Avoid Standing/Sitting for Long Periods of Time
Elastic Compression Stockings
Bilayer Artificial Skin
Daflon
Wound Dressings
Proper Foot and Leg Care
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2 mins
Superficial Thrombophlebitis
Cause/Mechanism
IV Catheter Irritation
Assessment
Erythema
Cord-like Vein
Edema
Interventions
Remove IV Catheter
Elevate
Warm Compress
Considerations
Rotate Sites Q3 Days
Aseptic Technique
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2 mins
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) Assessment
Mechanism
Atherosclerosis
Assessment
Bruit
Pulsation in Abdomen
Abdominal or Lower Back Pain
Tearing Pain
Diagnosis
Ultrasound
Considerations
Rupture
Shock
Surgical Repair
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1 min
Varicose Veins Assessment
Cause
Increased Venous Pressure
Incompetent Valves
Assessment
Telangiectasias
Small Reticular Veins
Dilated and Tortuous Veins
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1 min
Varicose Veins Interventions
Laser Therapy
Sclerotherapy
Removal of Saphenous Vein
Considerations
Avoid Prolonged Standing
Elastic Compression Stockings
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2 mins
Narcissistic Personality Disorder
Personality Functioning
Self Functioning
Increased Self-importance
Inflation of Accomplishments
Often Angered when Criticized
Interpersonal Functioning
Little Interest in Others Experiences
No Empathy
Pathological Personality Traits
Grandiosity
Demands the Best
Requires Admiration of Others
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2 mins
Borderline Personality Disorder
Personality Functioning
Self Functioning
Chronic Feelings of Emptiness
Poor Self Image
Unstable Goals, Aspirations, Career Plans
Interpersonal Functioning
Fear of Abandonment
Unable to Maintain Relationships
Pathological Personality Traits
Unstable Mood
Splitting
Self-destructive Behaviors
Anxiety
Suicidal Thoughts
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2 mins
Antisocial Personality Disorder
Personality Functioning
Self-Functioning
Ego-centrism
Disregards Rights of Others
Self-esteem from Personal Gain
Interpersonal Functioning
No Empathy
No Intimacy
Pathological Personality Traits
Antagonism
Manipulates Others
Hostility
Disinhibition
> 18 years of age
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2 mins
Histrionic Personality Disorder
Discomfort if Not Center of Attention
Dressing for Attention
Flirtatious, Provocative Behavior
Shallow and Labile Emotions
Theatrical or Dramatic
Impressionistic Speech
Impressionable
Overestimates Intimacy in Relationships
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2 mins
General Personality Trait Disorder
Significant Impairments
Self-Identity Impairments
Interpersonal Functioning Impairments
One or more Personality Traits
Negative Affectivity
Detachment
Antagonism
Disinhibition vs Compulsivity
Psychoticism
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1 min
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Assessment
Re-experience Traumatic Event
Flashbacks
Nightmares
Avoidance
Self-destructive Behaviors
Considerations
Assess Suicide Risk
Actively Listen to Stories
Anxiety Medications
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2 mins
Psoriasis
Presentation
Epidermal Hyperproliferation Keratinocytes
Defined Red Salmon Plaques
Silvery Scales
Extensor Surfaces
Bleeding when Removed
Auspitz Sign
Pruritus
Nail Changes
Histological Finding
Munro Microabscesses
Nucleated Cells in Stratum Corneum
Treatment
Retinoids
Topical Corticosteroids
Tar
Immunosuppressants
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2 mins
Scabies
Pathophysiology
Sarcoptes Scabiei Mite
Signs & Symptoms
Pruritus
Papules with Burrows
Webs of Fingers and Toes
Axilla and Nipples
Diagnosis
Skin Scraping
Dermoscopy
Mites and Eggs on Magnification
Treatment
Permethrin Cream
Oral Ivermectin
Lindane Cream
Considerations
Wash All Linens In Hot Water
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3 mins
Atopic Dermatitis / Eczema
Presentation
Pruritic Vesicles
Inflammatory Skin Rash
Cheeks in Children
Skin Flexural Areas
Associated with Asthma and Allergic Rhinitis
Treatment
Tacrolimus
Moisturizers
Corticosteroids
Phototherapy
Avoid Triggers
Antihistamines
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2 mins

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