Daniel Shared "Anatomy" - 12 Picmonics

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Anatomy

Anterior Thigh Muscles
Innervation
Femoral Nerve
Muscles
Iliopsoas
Psoas Innervated by L1-3
Sartorius
Pectineus
Quadriceps Femoris
Vastus Lateralis
Vastus Intermedius
Vastus Medialis
Rectus Femoris
2 mins
Medial Thigh Muscles
Action
Adduct the Thigh
Innervation
Obturator Nerve
Muscles
Adductor Magnus
Tibial Nerve
Adductor Longus
Adductor Brevis
Gracilis
Obturator Externus
Laterally Rotates Thigh
1 min
Leg Nerves
Femoral
Saphenous
Posterior Femoral Cutaneous
Sciatic
Tibial
Common Peroneal
Superficial Peroneal
Deep Peroneal
1 min
Deep Gluteal Muscles
General Action
Lateral Rotation and Abduction
Muscles
Gluteus Minimus
Medially Rotates Leg
Piriformis
Superior Gemellus
Obturator Internus
Inferior Gemellus
Quadratus Femoris
Other Structures
Sacrotuberous Ligament
1 min
Leg Veins
Inferior Vena Cava
Common Iliac (Ilium)
External Iliac (Ilium)
Great Saphenous
Femoral
Popliteal
Small Saphenous
Anterior Tibial
Posterior Tibial
1 min
Leg Arteries
Descending Aorta
Iliac (Ilium)
Common Femoral
Deep Femoral
Superficial Femoral
Popliteal
Anterior Tibial
Posterior Tibial
Peroneal
Dorsalis Pedis
2 mins
Lateral Lower Leg Anatomy
Innervation
Superficial Peroneal Nerve
Actions
Eversion of Foot
Plantarflexion of Foot
Muscles
Fibularis Brevis
Fibularis Longus
54 secs
Posterior Thigh Muscles
Innervation
Sciatic Nerve
Muscles
Biceps Femoris
Long and Short Head
Flex Knee
Extend Hip
Laterally Rotate Hip
Semitendinosus and Semimembranosus
Flex Knee
Extend Thigh
Medially Rotate Thigh and Leg
1 min
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)
Mechanism
Branched-chain Ketoacid Dehydrogenase
Pyruvate Dehydrogenase
Alpha-ketoglutarate Dehydrogenase
Transketolase
DEFICIENCY EFFECTS
Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome
Beriberi
ATP Depletion
Aerobic Tissues Like Brain and Heart Affected First
Considerations
Deficiency Can Worsen with Glucose Infusion
2 mins
Citric Acid Cycle (Krebs Cycle)
Characteristics
Acetyl-CoA + Oxaloacetate
Citric Acid
Isocitric Acid
Produces NADH
Alpha-Ketoglutaric Acid
Produces NADH
Succinyl CoA
Produces GTP
Succinate
Produces FADH2
Fumarate
Uses Water
Malate
Produces NADH
Oxaloacetate
4 mins
Foot Bones
Tiger Cubs Need MILC
Talus
Calcaneus
Navicular
Medial Cuneiform
Intermediate Cuneiform
Lateral Cuneiform
Cuboid
59 secs
Eukaryotic Transcription Regulation
DNA Silencer Region
Transcription Factors bind Silencer Region
Decreased Transcription
Co-factors can deactivate factors
Co-factors can activate factors
DNA Enhancer Region
Transcription Factors bind Enhancer Region
Increased Transcription
Enhancer and Silencer regions can be far from Promoter
2 mins

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