Liz Shared "Patho Final Exam " - 37 Picmonics

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Patho Final Exam

Asthma Assessment
Assessment
Triggers (Cold air, Dander, Dust, Infection, Mold, Pollen, Smoke)
Shortness of Breath (SOB)
Tachypnea and Tachycardia
Wheezing
Diaphoresis
Accessory Muscles
Decreased Pulmonary Function Tests
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2 mins
Asthma Implementation and Education
Medication
Oxygen
Corticosteroids
Ipratropium (Anticholinergic)
Albuterol
Implementation
Inhaler/nebulizer
Pulse Oximetry
Pursed Lip Breathing
Education
Carry Inhaler
Rinse Mouth after Inhaler
Identify Trigger (Cold Air, Dander, Dust, Infection, Mold, Pollen, Smoke)
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2 mins
COPD Overview (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Overview)
Causes
Inhaled Toxins
Smoking
AAT Deficiency
Assessment
Emphysema
Chronic Bronchitis
Asthma
Considerations
Spirometry
Slow Progression
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2 mins
Parkinson's Disease Interventions
Medications
Levodopa/Carbidopa (Sinemet)
Entacapone (Comtan)
Selegiline (Eldepryl)
Amantadine (Symmetrel)
Bromocriptine (Parlodel)
Benztropine (Cogentin)
Considerations
Allow Extra Time
Ensure Patient Safety
Surgery As Last Resort
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2 mins
Parkinson's Disease Assessment
Assessment
Decreased Dopamine
Older Adult
Cogwheel Rigidity
Bradykinesia
Shuffling Gait
Resting Tremor
Pill-Rolling
Mask-Like Face
Cognitive Decline
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2 mins
Parkinson's Drugs
Parkinsons Characteristics
Decreased Dopamine
Increased Acetylcholine
Drug Names
BALSA Acronym
Bromocriptine
Amantadine
Levodopa
Selegiline
Antimuscarinics
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2 mins
Schizophrenia Assessment
Positive Symptoms
Hallucinations
Delusions
Associative Looseness
Negative Symptoms
Flat Affect
Poverty of Thought
Absence of Something that Should be Present
Cognitive Symptoms
Illogical Thinking
Impaired Judgment and Memory
Affective Symptoms
Dysphoria
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2 mins
Schizophrenia Interventions
Drug Therapy
Antipsychotics
Interventions
Build Trust
Assistance with Self-care
Reality Testing
Monitor for Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome
Monitor for Tardive Dyskinesia
Family Therapy
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2 mins
Anxiety Assessment
Mild
Increased Alertness
Heightened Perception
Moderate
Perception Narrowed
Short Attention Span
Shaking
Severe
Ineffective Problem Solving
Automatic Behavior
Hyperventilation
Panic
Hallucinations
Inability to Function or Communicate
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2 mins
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Assessment
Assessment
Inattention
Incomplete Tasks
Easily Distracted
Hyperactivity
Impulsiveness
Disruptive
Considerations
Two Areas of Life
Onset by Age 12
Symptoms > 6 Months
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3 mins
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Interventions
Drug Therapy
CNS Stimulants
Amphetamine
Methylphenidate
Bupropion (Wellbutrin)
Atomoxetine (Strattera)
Guanfacine (Intuniv)
Considerations
Manage Disruptive Behavior
Provide Simple Instructions
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2 mins
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Assessment
Re-experience Traumatic Event
Flashbacks
Nightmares
Avoidance
Self-destructive Behaviors
Considerations
Assess Suicide Risk
Actively Listen to Stories
Anxiety Medications
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2 mins
Autonomic Nervous System
Characteristics
Sympathetic Nervous System
Fight or Flight
All Preganglionic Neurons Release Acetylcholine
Sympathetic Postganglionic Neurons Release Norepinephrine
Antagonistic Effects of Sympathetic and Parasympathetic Nervous Systems
Parasympathetic Nervous System
Rest and Digest
Parasympathetic Postganglionic Neurons Release Acetylcholine
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2 mins
Respiratory Anatomy
Characteristics
Nasal Cavity
Hair Filters
Mucus Filters and Moistens
Capillaries Warm
Pharynx (Throat)
Larynx (Voice Box)
Cilia Expel Mucus and Dust
Trachea
Bronchi
Alveoli
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2 mins
Hypersensitivity Type I
Previous Antigen Exposure
Immediate Reaction
IgE Cross-linking
Presensitized Mast Cells
Histamine Release
Vasodilation
Anaphylaxis
Allergies
Treatment
Epinephrine
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1 min
Cromolyn (Mast Cell Stabilizers)
Mechanism
Mast Cell Stabilizer
Indications
Asthma Prophylaxis
Bronchial Inflammation
Allergic Rhinitis
Side Effects
Cough
Bronchospasm
Consideration
Fixed Schedule Administration
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2 mins
Bipolar Disorder Assessment
Mechanism
Neurotransmitter Dysregulation and Genetic Factors
Mania Signs and Symptoms
Euphoric Mood
Nonstop Physical Activity
Flight of Ideas
Rapid Speech
Depression Signs and Symptoms
Mood Changes
Sad Affect
Psychomotor Retardation
Suicidal Thoughts
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2 mins
Bipolar Disorder Interventions
Drug Therapy
Lithium
Valproic Acid (Valproate)
Lamotrigine
Manic Episode
Hospitalization
Nutrition
Hygiene
Depressive Episode
Monitor for Vegetative Signs
Suicide Precautions
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2 mins
Depression Assessment
Physical Changes
Anergia
Self Neglect
Decreased Libido
Vegetative Signs
Mood
Sad Affect
Worthlessness
Guilt
Anger and Irritability
Cognitive
Ineffective Problem Solving
Slowed Thinking
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1 min
Aspirin (Acetylsalicylic Acid)
Mechanism
Inhibits Platelet Aggregation
NSAID
Indications
Thrombotic Event Prevention
General Pain
Inflammatory Conditions
Fever
Side Effects
Pancytopenia
GI Ulcers
Bleeding
Considerations
Withhold Before Surgery 7-10 Days
Reye's Syndrome
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2 mins

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