Ashley Shared "3/7-3/13 Micro" - 26 Picmonics

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3/7-3/13 Micro

Pox Virus
Characteristics
Enveloped
Double-Stranded DNA
Linear
Non-Icosahedral
Signs and Symptoms
Smallpox
Cowpox
Molluscum Contagiosum
Umbilicated Flesh-Colored Domed Lesions
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1 min
Staphylococcus epidermidis
Characteristics
Cocci
Gram-Positive
Catalase-Positive
Urease-Positive
Coagulase-Negative
Novobiocin-Sensitive
Component of Normal Skin Flora
Infects Prosthetic Devices and IV Catheters
Contaminates Blood Cultures
Produces Adherent Biofilms
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2 mins
Streptococcus Pneumoniae Characteristics
Characteristics
Gram-Positive
Diplococci
Lancet-Shaped
Catalase-Negative
Optochin-Sensitive
Bile Soluble
Alpha-Hemolytic
Polysaccharide Capsule
Positive Quellung Reaction
IgA Protease
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1 min
Streptococcus Pneumoniae Disease
Signs and Symptoms
Sickle Cell Anemia
Sepsis in Patients with Splenectomy
Rusty Sputum
MOPS
Meningitis
Otitis Media
Pneumonia
Sinusitis
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2 mins
Neisseria gonorrhoeae Characteristics
Characteristics
Gram Negative
Diplococci
Chocolate Agar
Thayer-Martin Media
VPN
Oxidase Positive
Glucose Fermenting
Pilus
Opa Surface Protein
Rapid Antigenic Variation
IgA Protease
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2 mins
Neisseria gonorrhoeae Disease
Signs & Symptoms
Dysuria
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
Fitz-Hugh-Curtis Syndrome
Neonatal Conjunctivitis
Pharyngitis
Septic Arthritis
Tenosynovitis
Pustules On Hands And Feet
Treatment
Ceftriaxone
Azithromycin
Doxycycline
Considerations
C5-9 Complement Deficiency (Recurrent Infections)
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2 mins
Enterococci
Characteristics
Gram-Positive Cocci
Catalase Negative
6.5% NaCl
Grows in Bile
Normal Colonic Flora
Signs and Symptoms
Urinary Tract Infection
Subacute Endocarditis
Penicillin Resistant
VRE (Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci)
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2 mins
Entamoeba histolytica
Pathophysiology
Protozoa
Amebiasis
Ingestion of Cysts in Food and Water
Signs and Symptoms
Bloody Diarrhea
Flask-Shaped Ulcer
Liver Abscess
Anchovy Paste
RUQ Pain
Diagnosis
RBCs in Cytoplasm of Trophozoite
Cyst With Four Nuclei
Treatment
Metronidazole
Iodoquinol
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3 mins
Paramyxovirus
Characteristics
Enveloped
RNA Virus
Helical
SS Negative Linear
Nonsegmented
Surface Fusion Protein Causes Multinucleated Cells
Presentation
Measles
Mumps
Bronchiolitis in Babies
Viruses
Parainfluenza
Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)
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2 mins
Parainfluenza Virus
Characteristics
Paramyxovirus
Signs and Symptoms
Croup
Barking Seal Cough
Inspiratory Stridor
Steeple Sign
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2 mins
Giardia lamblia
Characteristics
Protozoa
Ingestion of Cysts
Seen in Campers
Daycare Centers
Mental Hospitals
Infects Small Intestine
Signs and Symptoms
Bloating
Flatulence
Fatty Diarrhea
Diagnosis
Crescent-shaped Protozoa Adjacent to Epithelial Brush Border
Predisposed if Low IgA
Treatment
Metronidazole
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3 mins
Cryptosporidium
Characteristics
Protozoa
Ingestion of Oocysts in Food or Water
Acid Fast Cysts
Signs and Symptoms
Outbreaks of Diarrhea from Contaminated Water Supply
Mild Disease in Non-immunocompromised
Severe Diarrhea in AIDS
Treatment
Nitazoxanide for Immunocompetent
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2 mins
Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Assessment
Mechanism
Viral Infection Affecting Epithelial Cells
Signs and Symptoms
Begins After a Upper Respiratory Infection
Copious Secretions
Coughing and Sneezing
Wheezing
Otitis Media or Conjunctivitis (Possible Ear or Eye Drainage)
Poor Feeding
Tachypnea
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2 mins
Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Interventions
Prophylaxis
Palivizumab (Synagis)
Management
Hospitalization
Contact Precautions
Oxygen
Separate Room
Maintain Fluid Intake
Short-acting Beta-Agonist Bronchodilator
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2 mins
Mumps Virus
Characteristics
Paramyxovirus
Signs and Symptoms
Parotitis
Increased Serum Amylase
Orchitis
Oophoritis
Aseptic Meningitis
Pancreatitis
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59 secs
Mumps (Parotitis)
Mechanism
Paramyxovirus
Signs and Symptoms
Fever
Headache
Earache
Orchitis
Pain and Swelling of Parotid Glands
Considerations
MMR Vaccination
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1 min
Rabies Virus
Characteristics
Enveloped
RNA Virus
SS Negative Linear
Helical
Bullet-Shaped Envelope
Binds to Acetylcholine Receptor
Retrograde Fashion
Migrates to Saliva
Diagnosis
Negri Bodies
Cytoplasmic Inclusions in Neurons
Purkinje Cells of Cerebellum
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2 mins
Rabies Symptoms and Animals
Characteristics
Bats, Skunks, and Raccoons (Inside United States)
Dog Bites (Outside United States)
Fever
Agitation
Paralysis
Hydrophobia
Photophobia
Considerations
Fatal If Not Treated
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1 min
Leishmania donovani
Pathophysiology
Protozoan
Visceral Leishmaniasis
Hepatosplenomegaly
Spiking Fevers
Skin Pigmentation
Sandfly
Diagnosis
Macrophages with Amastigotes
Treatment
Amphotericin B
Oral Miltefosine
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2 mins
Trypanosoma cruzi
Pathophysiology
Protozoa
Triatomine Bug
Kissing bug
Painless bite
Predominantly in South America
Symptoms
Chagas disease
Romana's sign
Dilated Cardiomyopathy
Megacolon
Megaesophagus
Diagnosis
Blood smear
Treatment
Nifurtimox
Benznidazole
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2 mins

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