Carolyn Shared "NUR 445 Shock and Sepsis" - 9 Picmonics

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NUR 445 Shock and Sepsis

Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS) Criteria
Must have 2 or more of the following:
Temperature < 36C or > 38C
Pulse > 90 beats per minute
Respirations > 20/min or PCO2 < 32
WBC < 4,000 or > 12,000 or 10% bands
Mechanism
Subset of Cytokine Storm and Related to Sepsis
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2 mins
Types of Shock
Hypovolemic
Depleted Volume
Cardiogenic
Pump Failure
Obstructive
Indirect Pump Failure
Distributive
Lost Vascular Tone
Neurogenic
Anaphylactic
Septic
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2 mins
Sepsis Assessment
Signs and Symptoms
Systemic Infectious Process
Fever
Hypotension
Change in LOC
Increased WBC
Shift to the Left
Tachycardia
Tachypnea
Hyperglycemia
Edema
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2 mins
Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock Assessment
Microthrombi
DIC
Decreased Oxygen Saturation
Decreased WBC
Oliguria
High Output Heart Failure
Multiple Organ Failure
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2 mins
Burns Assessment
Stage and Extent of Burn
Dyspnea
Singed Nasal Hairs
Pain
Initial Decrease Urinary Output
Paralytic Ileus
Signs of Inadequate Hydration
Shock
Hypothermia
Hyperkalemia
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2 mins
Dobutamine
Mechanism
Beta-1 Agonist
Inotropic
Indications
Heart Failure
Side Effects
Tachycardia
Arrhythmias
Considerations
Closely Monitor Patients
Other Meds May Increase Potency
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1 min
Norepinephrine
Mechanism of Action
Alpha Agonist
Beta1 Agonist
Indications
Hypotension
Side Effect
Decreases Renal Blood Flow
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1 min
Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC) Assessment
Mechanism
Improper Initiation of Clotting Cascade
Signs and Symptoms
Systemic Bleeding
Petechiae, Purpura, Ecchymosis
Change in LOC
Increased PT and PTT
Cyanosis
Increased Fibrin Degradation Products (FDP)
Decreased Platelets and Fibrinogen
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2 mins
Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC) Interventions
Complications
Risk for Shock
Renal Failure
Interventions
Treat Underlying Cause
Manage Bleeding
Maintain Fluid and Hemodynamic Balance
Transfusion
Oxygenation
Heparin Drip
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2 mins

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