Jonathan Shared "Pathoma-female genital system and gestational pathology" - 23 Picmonics
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Pathoma-female genital system and gestational pathology
Cervical Cancer Screening
Women aged 21-65 years old
Pap smear every 3 years
Women aged 30-65 years old
Can opt for Co-testing (Pap Smear + HPV testing) every 5 years
High grade lesions
Cold knife Conization
Mechanism of Action
Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator (SERM)
Antagonist on Breast Tissue
ER-positive Breast Cancer
Decreased Risk of Osteoporosis
Increased Risk of Endometrial Cancer
Increased Risk of Venous Thromboembolism (VTE)
Endometrial Tissue Outside of Uterus
Glands and Stroma
Most Common in Ovary, Pelvis, Peritoneum and Bowels
"Chocolate Cyst" in Ovary
Endometriosis Symptoms and Treatment
Cyclic Pelvic Pain
30-40% are Infertile
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) Symptoms and Diagnosis
Most Common Cause of Infertility in Women
Enlarged, Cystic Ovaries
LH:FSH Ratio of 3:1
"String of Pearls" on Ultrasound
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) Mechanism
Hyperinsulinemia Increases GnRH Pulse Frequency
Large Increase in LH
Small Decrease in FSH
Increased Androgen Production From Theca-Lutein Cells
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