Cheryl Shared "Copy of Week 14 ONLINE LAB" - 17 Picmonics

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Copy of Week 14 ONLINE LAB

Endometriosis
Cause
Endometrial Tissue Outside Uterus
Retrograde Menstrual Flow
Assessment
Dysmenorrhea
Cyclic Pelvic Pain
Irregular Vaginal Bleeding
Pain with Defecation
Dyspareunia
Interventions
Medications to Decrease Ovulation
NSAIDs
Surgery
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2 mins
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) Assessment
Mechanism
Untreated Cervicitis
Assessment
May Be Asymptomatic
Dysuria
Vaginal Discharge with Odor
Fever
Dyspareunia
Lower Abdominal Pain
Spotting
Cervical Motion Tenderness
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1 min
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) Interventions
Antibiotics
No Intercourse for 3 Weeks
Semi-Fowler's Position
Analgesics
Monitor Temperature
Treat Partners
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2 mins
Contraception
Indications
Preventing Unplanned Pregnancy
Barrier Methods
Spermicides
Diaphragm
Cervical Cap
Contraceptive Sponge
Male Condom
Hormonal Method
Oral Contraceptive
Intrauterine Device (IUD)
Injectable Progestins
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2 mins
Infertility
No Conception After 1 Year
Interventions
Artificial Insemination
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
Drug Therapy
Clomiphene Citrate (Clomid)
Menotropins
GnRH Agonists
Considerations
Treat Underlying Disorders
Emotional Support
Multiple Gestations
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3 mins
Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding
Assessment
Bimodal Age Distribution
Painless Vaginal Bleeding
Amenorrhea
Menorrhagia (Heavy Menstrual Bleeding)
Metrorrhagia (Bleeding Between Menses)
Interventions
Balloon Thermotherapy
Hormone Medications
Dilation and Curettage (DandC)
Considerations
Monitor for Anemia
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3 mins
Vaginitis
Cause/Mechanism
Infection
Postmenopausal Atrophy
Assessment
Vaginal Discharge
Pruritus
Interventions
Antifungals (Miconazole, Clotrimazole)
Antibiotics
Estrogen Hormones
Abstinence
Considerations
Good Hygiene
Recurrent Vaginitis
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2 mins
Erectile Dysfunction
Cause/Mechanism
Age-Related Changes
Psychological
Medical Conditions
Drug-Induced
Assessment
Sexual Dysfunction (Unable to Maintain Erection)
Interventions
Phosphodiesterase Type 5 (PDE5) Inhibitors
Vacuum Constriction Devices
Intraurethral Devices
Penile Implants
Considerations
Sexual Counseling
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2 mins
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Assessment
Assessment
Men Over 50
Enlarged Prostate Gland
Urinary Retention
Weak Urine Stream
Frequency
Urgency
Nocturia
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1 min
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Interventions
Interventions
Timed Voiding
Decreased Caffeine Intake
Catheterization
Medications
Finasteride (Proscar)
Tamsulosin (Flomax)
Surgical Interventions
TURP Procedure
Open Prostatectomy
Continuous Bladder Irrigation (CBI)
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2 mins
Prostate Cancer Assessment
Most Common Cancer in Men
Assessment
Mimics BPH
Metastasis to Back
Low Back Pain
Fatigue
Considerations
Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA)
Digital Rectal Examination (DRE)
Transrectal Ultrasound (TRUS)
Biopsy
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2 mins
Hydrocele
Mechanism
Impaired Lymphatic Drainage
Signs and Symptoms
Large Scrotum
Painless
Considerations
Needle Aspiration or Surgery
Scrotal Support
Monitor for Bleeding and Infection
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1 min
Prostatitis
Cause/Mechanism
Bacterial Infection
Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome
Assessment
Flu-Like Symptoms
Perineal Pain
Dysuria
Sexual Dysfunction
Diagnosis 
Prostatic Massage
Interventions
Antibiotics
Increased Fluid Intake
Pain Management
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3 mins
Oxytocin (Pitocin)
Mechanism of Action
Increase Uterine Contractions
Indications
Labor Induction
Control Postpartum Hemorrhage
Side Effects
Uterine Rupture
Water Intoxication
Contraindications
Fetal Lung Immaturity
Cervix Not Ripened
Active Genital Herpes Infection
Considerations
Use Lowest Dose
IV Pump
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3 mins
Terbutaline (Brethine)
Mechanism of Action
Beta-2 Agonists
Indications
Asthma
Tocolytic
Side Effects
Hypotension
Tremor
Tachycardia
Pulmonary Edema
Hyperglycemia
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2 mins
Azoles (Ketoconazole)
"-azole" suffix
Indications
Local and Less Serious Systemic Mycosis
Mechanism
Inhibits Ergosterol Synthesis
Inhibits P450
Side Effects
Liver Dysfunction
Inhibition of Testosterone Synthesis
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1 min
Steroid Hormones
Characteristics
Nuclear Membrane
Long-Lived and Slow-Acting
Cholesterol-Derived
Intracellular Receptors
DNA Transcription
Examples
Testosterone
Aldosterone
Estrogen
Cortisol
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2 mins

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