Matthew Shared "Musculoskeletal" - 82 Picmonics

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Musculoskeletal

ACL Tear
Mechanism
Non-contact
Popping
Sudden Stop
Change in Direction
Unhappy Triad
Sign
Lachman Test
Treatment
Reconstruction if Severe
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1 min
MCL Tear
Mechanism
Medial Knee Injury
Unhappy Triad
Football
Skiing
Sign
Valgus Stress Test
Treatment
Conservative Management
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53 secs
Meniscus Tear
Fibrocartilage Semicircular Band
Traumatic
Unhappy Triad
Degenerative
Symptoms
Clicking and Locking
McMurray Test
Pain on External Rotation
Treatment
Conservative Management
Surgery
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1 min
Rotator Cuff
External Rotation
Teres Minor
Infraspinatus
Internal Rotation
Subscapularis
Abduction
Supraspinatus
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1 min
Anterior Shoulder Dislocation
Axillary Nerve Damage
Axillary Artery
Rotator Cuff Injury
Supraspinatus Tendon
Anterior Glenohumeral Ligament
Anatomic Lesions
Bankart's Lesion
Hill-Sachs Lesion
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1 min
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Median Nerve Entrapment
Compression at Carpal Tunnel
Numbness, Tingling and Pain in Hand
Diagnosis
Phalen's Maneuver
Tinel's Sign
Treatment
Splints
Surgery
Steroids
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2 mins
Hand Bones
"Some Lovers Try Positions That They Can't Handle"
Scaphoid
Lunate
Triquetrum
Pisiform
Trapezium
Trapezoid
Capitate
Hamate
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1 min
Nerve Palsies - Erb's Palsy (Waiter's tip)
Nerves
C5-C6 Roots
Superior (Upper) Trunk
Causes
Lateral Traction on Neck during Delivery
Trauma in Adults
Functional Deficit
Deltoid
Infraspinatus
Biceps Brachii
Presentation
Waiter's Tip Deformity
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2 mins
Nerve Palsies - Klumpke's Palsy
Nerve
C8 to T1 Roots
Lower Trunk
Causes
Upward Arm Force during Delivery
Adult Trauma
Grabbing Tree Branch to Break a Fall
Muscle Affected
Intrinsic Hand Muscles
Presentation
Claw Hand
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1 min
Nerve Palsies - Thoracic Outlet Syndrome
Nerve
Compression of Brachial Plexus
Compression of Subclavian Vessels
Causes
Cervical Rib Abnormality
Trauma
Weight Lifters
Pancoast Tumor
Presentation
Edema
Claw Hand
Pain
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1 min
Nerve Palsies - Winged Scapula
Nerve
Long Thoracic Nerve
Causes
Axillary Node Dissection in Mastectomy
Stab Wound
Muscle Affected
Serratus Anterior
Functional Deficit
Scapula Cannot Anchor to Thorax
Presentation
Inability to Raise Arm Above Head
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1 min
Nerve Palsies - Ulnar Claw
Nerve
Distal Ulnar Nerve
Causes
Fracture Hook of Hamate (distal injury)
Cyclists
Compression Guyon's Canal
Functional Deficit
Unable to Extend 4th and 5th Digits
Presentation
Hand Resembles Ulnar Claw on Extension
Complications
Atrophy of Hypothenar Eminence
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1 min
Nerve Palsies - Pope's Blessing
Nerve
Proximal Median Nerve
Causes
Supracondylar Fracture of Humerus
Functional Deficit
Loss of Flexion of Thumb, Pointer and Middle Finger
Presentation
Trouble Making a Fist
Hand Resembles Popes Blessing on Flexion
Complications
Atrophy of Thenar Eminence
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1 min
Nerve Palsies - Median Claw
Nerve
Distal Median Nerve
Causes
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Deficit
Unable to Extend Thumb, Pointer and Middle Finger
Presentation
Clawing of Digits 1-3
Tinels Sign
Phalens Sign
Complication
Atrophy of Thenar Eminence
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2 mins
Nerve Palsies - OK Gesture
Nerve
Proximal Ulnar Nerve
Causes
Fracture Medial Epicondyle of Humerus (proximal injury)
Deficit
Unable to Flex 4th and 5th Digits
Presentation
Trouble Making a Fist
Resembles OK gesture
Complication
Hypothenar Atrophy
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1 min
Hand Muscles
Characteristics
Opponens Pollicis
Abductor Pollicis Brevis
Flexor Pollicis Brevis
Flexor Digiti Minimi Brevis
Abductor Digiti Minimi Brevis
Opponens Digiti Minimi
Lumbricals
Interossei (Palmar and Dorsal)
Palmaris Brevis
Adductor Pollicis
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2 mins
Leg Nerves
Femoral
Saphenous
Posterior Femoral Cutaneous
Sciatic
Tibial
Common Peroneal
Superficial Peroneal
Deep Peroneal
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1 min
Posterior Thigh Muscles
Innervation
Sciatic Nerve
Muscles
Biceps Femoris
Long and Short Head
Flex Knee
Extend Hip
Laterally Rotate Hip
Semitendinosus and Semimembranosus
Flex Knee
Extend Thigh
Medially Rotate Thigh and Leg
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1 min
Anterior Thigh Muscles
Innervation
Femoral Nerve
Muscles
Iliopsoas
Psoas Innervated by L1-3
Sartorius
Pectineus
Quadriceps Femoris
Vastus Lateralis
Vastus Intermedius
Vastus Medialis
Rectus Femoris
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2 mins
Medial Thigh Muscles
Action
Adduct the Thigh
Innervation
Obturator Nerve
Muscles
Adductor Magnus
Tibial Nerve
Adductor Longus
Adductor Brevis
Gracilis
Obturator Externus
Laterally Rotates Thigh
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1 min

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