Jephrie Shared "Adult Health Exam 2" - 107 Picmonics

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Adult Health Exam 2

BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen) Lab Values
10-20 mg/dL
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40 secs
Calcium (Ca2+) Lab Value
8.5 to 10.5 mg/dL
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25 secs
Cholesterol Lab Values
LDL (Low Density Cholesterol)
< 100 mg/dL
HDL (High Density Cholesterol)
> 40 mg/dL Males
> 50 mg/dL Females
Total Cholesterol
< 200 mg/dL
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1 min
Creatinine Lab Values
Measures Renal Function
0.6 - 1.3 mg/dL
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1 min
Hematocrit (Hct) Lab Values
Women: 36% - 46%
Men: 41% - 53%
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1 min
Hemoglobin (Hgb) Lab Values
Men: 13 - 17 g/dL
Women: 12 - 16 g/dL
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46 secs
INR Lab Value
0.8-1.2 Normal Range
Warfarin
2.0-3.0
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1 min
Magnesium (Mg2+) Lab Value
1.5 to 2.5 mEq/L
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28 secs
Platelet Lab Value
150,000-400,000 Micro L
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40 secs
Potassium (K+) Lab Value
3.5 to 5.0 mEq/L
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20 secs
PT/PTT Lab Values
Prothrombin Time (PT)
10-14 seconds
Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT or aPTT)
25-35 seconds
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1 min
Sodium (Na+) Lab Value
135-145 mEq/L
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24 secs
Triglycerides Lab Value
< 150 mg/dL
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50 secs
WBC Differential Lab Value
White Blood Cells (WBC)
5-10 (5,000-10,000)
Leukocyte Differential
Neutrophils (50%-70%)
Bands (2%-5%)
Segs (50%-70%)
Lymphocytes (20%-40%)
Monocytes (4%-8%)
Eosinophils (2%-4%)
Basophils (0.5%-1.5%)
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2 mins
Lung Sounds - Crackles
Location
Lower Lobes
Description
Fine/Coarse
Sounds Like
Fine: Twisting Hair through Fingers
Coarse: Velcro
Cause
Collapsed Small Airways and Alveoli "Popping Open"
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1 min
Lung Sounds - Wheezes
Location
Throughout Lung
Description
High Pitched
Sounds Like
Musical
Cause
Air Moving through Narrowed Airways
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37 secs
Neurovascular Assessment 6 P's
Pain
Paresthesia
Pulse
Pallor
Pressure
Paralysis
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1 min
Aspirin (Acetylsalicylic Acid)
Mechanism
Inhibits Platelet Aggregation
NSAID
Indications
Thrombotic Event Prevention
General Pain
Inflammatory Conditions
Fever
Side Effects
Pancytopenia
GI Ulcers
Bleeding
Considerations
Withhold Before Surgery 7-10 Days
Reye's Syndrome
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2 mins
Clopidogrel (Plavix)
Mechanism
ADP Receptor Antagonist
Prevent Platelet Aggregation
Indications
Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS)
Prevention of Thrombotic Events
Side Effects
Bleeding
Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (TTP)
Pancytopenia
Abdominal Pain
Considerations
Withhold Before Surgery
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2 mins
Ticlopidine (Ticlid)
Mechanism
ADP Receptor Antagonist
Irreversibly Inhibits Platelet Aggregation
Indications
Thrombotic Event Prevention
Side Effects
Neutropenia
Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (TTP)
GI Distress
Rash
Considerations
Withhold Before Surgery
Monitor Blood Count
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2 mins

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