Dayana Shared "Pharmacology Quiz#2" - 60 Picmonics

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Pharmacology Quiz#2

Types of Seizures
Tonic-clonic
Tonic
Clonic
Absence (Petit Mal)
Myoclonic
Atonic
Partial (Focal) Seizure
Simple Partial
Complex Partial
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2 mins
Valproic Acid (Depakote)
Mechanism
Blocks Na+ Channels
Increases GABA Concentration
Indications
Tonic-clonic Seizures
Bipolar Disorder
Migraine Prophylaxis
Side Effects
Hepatotoxicity
Blood Dyscrasias
GI Distress
Tremor
Pancreatitis
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1 min
Lamotrigine (Lamictal)
Mechanism
Blocks Na+ Channels
Indications
Seizures
Bipolar Disorder
Side Effects
Diplopia
Stevens-Johnson Syndrome
Headache
Aseptic Meningitis
Nausea and Vomiting
Considerations
Screen for Suicide Risk
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2 mins
Diazepam (Valium)
Indications
Anxiety
Seizures and Status Epilepticus
Muscle Spasms
Alcohol Withdrawal
Side Effect/Assessment
Dizziness/Vision Changes
Confusion/Amnesia
Urinary Incontinence
Behavioral Changes
Respiratory Depression
Antidote
Flumazenil (Romazicon)
Nursing Considerations
Fall Precaution
Do Not Stop Abruptly
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2 mins
Pregabalin (Lyrica)
Mechanism
GABA Analog
Indications
Seizures
Neuropathic Pain
Fibromyalgia
Side Effects
Headache
Dizziness
Somnolence (Fatigue)
Weight Gain
Angioedema
Rhabdomyolysis
Considerations
Dependence
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1 min
Phenytoin (Dilantin)
Mechanism
Blocks Na+ Channels
Indications
Tonic-clonic Seizures
Side Effects
Ataxia
Nystagmus
Sedation
Gingival Hyperplasia
Purple Glove Syndrome
Hirsutism
Rash
Anemia
Considerations
Individualized Dosing
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2 mins
Carbamazepine (Tegretol)
Mechanism
Inactivates Na+ Channels
Indications
Seizures
Bipolar Disorder
Trigeminal Neuralgia
Side Effects
Nystagmus
Ataxia
Hepatotoxicity
Blood Dyscrasias
Water Retention
Stevens-Johnson Syndrome
Considerations
Avoid Grapefruit Juice
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2 mins
Phenobarbital (Barbiturates)
Mechanism
Barbiturate
Indications
Seizures
Side Effects
Ataxia
Paradoxical Excitement
Fatigue/Drowsiness
Considerations
Monitor Plasma Levels
High Potential for Abuse
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1 min
Parkinson's Disease Assessment
Assessment
Decreased Dopamine
Older Adult
Cogwheel Rigidity
Bradykinesia
Shuffling Gait
Resting Tremor
Pill-Rolling
Mask-Like Face
Cognitive Decline
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2 mins
Parkinson's Disease Interventions
Medications
Levodopa/Carbidopa (Sinemet)
Entacapone (Comtan)
Selegiline (Eldepryl)
Amantadine (Symmetrel)
Bromocriptine (Parlodel)
Benztropine (Cogentin)
Considerations
Allow Extra Time
Ensure Patient Safety
Surgery As Last Resort
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2 mins
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAO-Is)
Indications
Atypical Depression
Mechanism of Action
Increase Levels of Amine Neurotransmitters
Drugs
"Takes Pride In Shanghai"
Tranylcypromine
Phenelzine
Isocarboxazid
Selegiline
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1 min
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitor (MAOI) Contraindications
Contraindications
Wine and Cheese
Hypertensive Crisis
Serotonin Drugs
Serotonin Syndrome
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1 min
Levodopa/Carbidopa (Sinemet)
Mechanism
Increases Dopamine in Brain
Indications
Parkinson's Disease
Side Effects
Nausea and Vomiting
Arrhythmias
Dyskinesia
Psychosis
Orthostatic Hypotension
Considerations
Report Uncontrolled Movements
Darkened Sweat or Urine
Off and On Phenomenon
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2 mins
Benztropine (Cogentin)
Mechanism
Anticholinergic
Indications
Parkinson's Disease
Acute Dystonia
Side Effects
Blurred Vision
Dry Mouth
Urinary Retention
Tachycardia
Constipation
Psychosis
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2 mins
Anticholinergics
B.O.AT.S Acronym
Benztropine
Parkinson's Disease
Oxybutynin
Decrease bladder spasms
Atropine
Mydriasis and Cycloplegia
Scopolamine
Motion Sickness
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1 min
Anticholinergics Continued
Drugs
Glycopyrrolate
Reduces Airway Secretions
Ulcer Treatment
Ipratropium
Asthma and C.O.P.D
Dicyclomine
Hyoscyamine
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
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1 min
Anxiety Assessment
Mild
Increased Alertness
Heightened Perception
Moderate
Perception Narrowed
Short Attention Span
Shaking
Severe
Ineffective Problem Solving
Automatic Behavior
Hyperventilation
Panic
Hallucinations
Inability to Function or Communicate
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2 mins
Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder
Personality Functioning
Self-Functioning
Identity Derived from Work or Productivity
Inflexible Standards
Interpersonal Functioning
Unable to See or Understand Ideas of Others
Controlling
Pathological Personality Traits
Perfectionism
Only One Right Way
Perseveration
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2 mins
Depression Assessment
Physical Changes
Anergia
Self Neglect
Decreased Libido
Vegetative Signs
Mood
Sad Affect
Worthlessness
Guilt
Anger and Irritability
Cognitive
Ineffective Problem Solving
Slowed Thinking
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1 min
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Assessment
Re-experience Traumatic Event
Flashbacks
Nightmares
Avoidance
Self-destructive Behaviors
Considerations
Assess Suicide Risk
Actively Listen to Stories
Anxiety Medications
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2 mins

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