Koko Shared "Quiz 1 Family" - 76 Picmonics

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Quiz 1 Family

Gonorrhea
Mechanism
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Assessment
Dysuria
Yellowish-Green Discharge
Increased Urinary Frequency
Women Often Asymptomatic
Interventions
Ceftriaxone (IM)
Chlamydia
Doxycycline
Azithromycin
Considerations
Treat Partners
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2 mins
Chlamydia
Mechanism
Chlamydia trachomatis
Assessment
May Be Asymptomatic
Dysuria
Epididymitis
Discharge
Dyspareunia
Interventions
Doxycycline
Azithromycin
No Intercourse for 1 Week
Treat Partners
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2 mins
Genital Herpes
Mechanism
Herpes Simplex Virus 1 and 2 (HSV)
Assessment
May Be Asymptomatic
Oral or Genital Lesions
Vesicles in Clusters
Pain
Flu-like Symptoms
Antiviral Medications
Acyclovir
Valacyclovir
Famciclovir
Considerations
Infectious During Recurrences
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2 mins
Syphilis
Mechanism
Treponema pallidum
Assessment
Primary Stage
Painless Chancre
Secondary Stage
Rash on Palms and Soles
(Generalized) Lymphadenopathy
Condylomata Lata
Latent Stage
Asymptomatic
Tertiary (Late) Stage
Aortitis
Neurosyphilis
Gummas
Interventions
Penicillin
Jarisch-Herxheimer Rash
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3 mins
Trichomonas vaginalis
Characteristics
Protozoa
Signs and Symptoms
Vaginitis
Pruritus
Foul-smelling Greenish Frothy Discharge
Strawberry Cervix
Diagnosis
Corkscrew Motility on Wet Prep
Treatment
Metronidazole
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2 mins
Lab and Diagnostic Tests During Pregnancy
Complete Blood Cell Count
Blood Typing
Rubella Titer
Hepatitis B
HIV Testing
Urinalysis
Diabetes
Pap Smears
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2 mins
Lab and Diagnostic Tests During Pregnancy (Other Visits)
Diagnosis
10-13 Weeks
Offer Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS)
15-18 Weeks
Quad Screen
18-20 Weeks
Ultrasound
Anatomic Screening
24-28 Weeks
One-Hour Glucose Challenge Test
35-37 Weeks
Streptococcus Agalactiae
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3 mins
Infertility
No Conception After 1 Year
Interventions
Artificial Insemination
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
Drug Therapy
Clomiphene Citrate (Clomid)
Menotropins
GnRH Agonists
Considerations
Treat Underlying Disorders
Emotional Support
Multiple Gestations
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3 mins
Endometriosis
Cause
Endometrial Tissue Outside Uterus
Retrograde Menstrual Flow
Assessment
Dysmenorrhea
Cyclic Pelvic Pain
Irregular Vaginal Bleeding
Pain with Defecation
Dyspareunia
Interventions
Medications to Decrease Ovulation
NSAIDs
Surgery
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2 mins
Prenatal Care
Prenatal Visits
Vital Signs, FHR
Fundal Height
Urine Dipstick
Weight
Prenatal Screening
Laboratory Testing
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2 mins
Discomforts of Pregnancy - First Trimester
Breast Tenderness
Supportive Bra
Nausea and Vomiting
Frequent Small Meals
Urinary Frequency and Urgency
Frequently Empty Bladder
Leukorrhea
Perineal Pad
Ptyalism
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2 mins
Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding
Assessment
Bimodal Age Distribution
Painless Vaginal Bleeding
Amenorrhea
Menorrhagia (Heavy Menstrual Bleeding)
Metrorrhagia (Bleeding Between Menses)
Interventions
Balloon Thermotherapy
Hormone Medications
Dilation and Curettage (DandC)
Considerations
Monitor for Anemia
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3 mins
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) Assessment
Mechanism
Untreated Cervicitis
Assessment
May Be Asymptomatic
Dysuria
Vaginal Discharge with Odor
Fever
Dyspareunia
Lower Abdominal Pain
Spotting
Cervical Motion Tenderness
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1 min
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) Interventions
Antibiotics
No Intercourse for 3 Weeks
Semi-Fowler's Position
Analgesics
Monitor Temperature
Treat Partners
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2 mins
Vaginitis
Cause/Mechanism
Infection
Postmenopausal Atrophy
Assessment
Vaginal Discharge
Pruritus
Interventions
Antifungals (Miconazole, Clotrimazole)
Antibiotics
Estrogen Hormones
Abstinence
Considerations
Good Hygiene
Recurrent Vaginitis
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2 mins
Discomforts of Pregnancy - Second Trimester
Supine Hypotension
Side-lying Position
Food Cravings
Heartburn (Pyrosis)
Constipation
Moderate Exercise
Varicose Veins
Elevate Legs
Backache
Pelvic Tilt Exercise
Considerations
Nutrition
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2 mins
Discomforts of Pregnancy - Third Trimester
Shortness of Breath (SOB)
Rest Periods
Return of Urinary Frequency and Urgency
Empty Bladder Regularly
Leg Cramps
Stretching Exercises
Ankle Edema
Elevate Legs
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2 mins
Ovulatory Hormones I - Follicular Phase
0-14 Days
GnRH Stimulates FSH and LH
Follicle Secretes Estrogen
Negative Feedback from Estrogen
Increased Estrogen Leads to Positive feedback
FSH and LH Surge
Increased Estrogen from Follicle
LH Spike Leads to Ovulation
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2 mins
Ovulatory Hormones II - Luteal Phase
Days 15-28
Corpus Luteum
Secretes Progesterone
Negative Feedback inhibits FSH and LH
No pregnancy forms Corpus Albicans
Stops Estrogen Secretion
Endometrial Sloughing - Menses
GnRH secretion produces new follicular phase
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2 mins
Fetal Circulation
Placenta
Umbilical Vein
Ductus Venosus
Right Atrium
Foramen Ovale
Left Atrium
Aorta
Right Ventricle
Ductus Arteriosus
Umbilical Arteries
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2 mins

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