OnlineMedEd Shared "Joints of the Upper Extremity" - 5 Picmonics

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Joints of the Upper Extremity

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Median Nerve Entrapment
Compression at Carpal Tunnel
Numbness, Tingling and Pain in Hand
Diagnosis
Phalen's Maneuver
Tinel's Sign
Treatment
Splints
Surgery
Steroids
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2 mins
Rotator Cuff
External Rotation
Teres Minor
Infraspinatus
Internal Rotation
Subscapularis
Abduction
Supraspinatus
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1 min
Anterior Shoulder Dislocation
Axillary Nerve Damage
Axillary Artery
Rotator Cuff Injury
Supraspinatus Tendon
Anterior Glenohumeral Ligament
Anatomic Lesions
Bankart's Lesion
Hill-Sachs Lesion
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1 min
Supracondylar Fracture Of Humerus
Mechanism
Fall On Outstretched Hand (FOOSH)
More Common In Children
Signs & Symptoms
Elbow Pain & Swelling
Diagnosis
X-ray Shows Elbow Effusion
Anterior Sail Sign
Posterior Fat Pad Sign
Treatment
Non-displaced: Splint And Sling
Displaced: Closed Reduction With Percutaneous Pin Placement
Considerations
Compartment Syndrome
Volkmann Ischemic Contracture
Brachial Artery Injury
Median Nerve Palsy
Cubitus Varus Deformity
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3 mins
Nursemaid's Elbow (Radial Head Subluxation)
Pathophysiology
Radial Head Subluxation
Inferiorly Under Annular Ligament
Axial Traction on Forearm
Pulled or Lifted by the Hand or Forearm
Children Aged (1-4 Years Old)
Signs & Symptoms
Extended & Pronated Forearm
Refusal to Bend Elbow
Treatment
Manual Reduction
Hyperpronation of Forearm
Gentle Supination of Elbow at 90 Degrees Flexion
No Immobilization
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3 mins

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