Ken Shared "2016 UGC" - 521 Picmonics

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2016 UGC

Ranolazine
Used to treat angina refractory to other therapies
Inhibits late phase of sodium current
Constipation
Dizziness
Headache
QT Prolongation
nausea
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CNS abscess
MRI is imaging study of choice
ring enchancing lesion
spinal abscess
treatment with vancomycin + 3rd or 4th gen ceph
Cefotaxime
Ceftriaxone
Cefepime
Ceftazidime
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Dapsone
Mechanism
inhibits folate synthesis
Use
Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia
Leprosy
Contraindications
Hemolysis of G6PD deficient people
Agranulocytosis
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Enterobacter Fecalis
Cephalosporin Sensitive
Gram Negavie Rod
Fast lactose fermenter
UTI from catheter
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Embryonal Carcinoma
AFP
May Produce Beta hCG
Painful
Malignant
Hemorrhagic
Histologically may have alveolar of tubular appearance with papillary convolutions
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RSV
Symptoms
Bronchiolitis in babies
Coughing & Rhinorrhea
Low grade fever
Uses Accessory muscles
More common in winter
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Calcineurin Inhibitors
Cyclosporine
Tacrolimus
Nephrotoxicity
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Decrease intraocular pressure
Drug Name(s), Prefix or Suffix
Mechanism of Action
Timolol
Dorzolamide
Brimonidine
Indication
Beta Blockers
Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitor
Alpha 2 Receptor agonist
Side Effects
Asthma and COPD
May sensitize patients to Sulfonamides
Contraindications
Antidote
Considerations & Patient Education
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Streptomycin
30S inhibitors
2nd line against Mycobacterium tuberculosis
side fx: Vertigo
Side fx: Tinnitus
Ataxia
Nephrotoxicity
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Daptomycin
Mechanism of Action
Lipophilic tail penetrates cell wall
Depolarization of cell Membrane
Use
Gram positive
MRSA
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Fenoldopam
Dopamine D1 receptor agonist
Natriuresis
Hypotension and Tachycardia
Vasodilation
Treats hypertensive Crisis
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Fenoldopam
Agonist at dopamine D​1​-receptors
Rapid IV infusion
hypertensive emergency
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Amantadine
Mechanism
Inhibits M2 ---> inhibits uncoating
weak NMDA receptor antagonist, increases dopamine secretion and decreases dopamine reuptake.
Indications
Influenza A Virus
Parkinson's Disease
Side Effect
CNS - insomnia, seizures, dizziness, ataxia
Other: rimantadine
Rapid resistance
Anticholinergic Effects
Livedo reticularis
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COPD exacerbation
Intensification of bronchodilator therapy
Short course of glucocorticoids
Antibiotics
prednisone dose 40 mg One tablet PO daily x 5 days
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DR2
Disease Associations
Hay Fever
Multiple Sclerosis
SLE
Goodpasture's Syndrome
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DR3
Associations
Diabetes Mellitus 1
SLE
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DR3
Associations
SLE
DM1
Addisons Disease
Graves Disease
Hashimoto's Thyroiditis
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DR4
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Embryonal Carcinoma
Embryology
Carcinomas
Malignant
Hemorrhagic
Painful
Glandular Pattern
Papillary Cauliflower Like Growths
hCG
AFP
Mixed Morphology
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encephalitis vs. meningitis vs. meningoencephalitis
Photophobia
Nuchal Rigidity
Seizures
focal neurologic deficits
altered mental status
MRI study of choice
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