Miguelfdeleon22 Shared "Pathophys Infections" - 48 Picmonics

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Pathophys Infections

Streptococcus Pyogenes Disease
Pyogenic
Pyogenic
Pyogenic Pharyngitis
Impetigo
Cellulitis
Toxigenic
Toxic Shock-Like Syndrome
Scarlet Fever
Sandpaper Rash
Strawberry Tongue
Immunologic
Immunologic
Rheumatic Fever
Antibodies to M Protein
Acute Glomerulonephritis (Post Streptococcal Glomerulonephritis)
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2 mins
Streptococcus pyogenes Characteristics
Characteristics
Group A Streptococci (GAS)
Gram-Positive
Cocci
Beta-Hemolytic
Catalase-Negative
Bacitracin-Sensitive
Hyaluronic Acid Capsule
Streptolysin O
DNase
Streptokinase
Exotoxin A
Pyrrolidonyl Arylamidase (PYR) Positive
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2 mins
Staphylococcus aureus Disease
Skin Infections
Impetigo
Abscesses
Exfoliative Toxin
Scalded Skin Syndrome
Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSST 1)
Binds to MHC II and T Cell Receptor
Food Poisoning
Acute Bacterial Endocarditis
Pneumonia
Osteomyelitis
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2 mins
Staphylococcus aureus Characteristics
Characteristics
Gram-Positive
Cocci
Catalase-Positive
Coagulase-Positive
Beta-Hemolytic
Protein A Virulence Factor
Inhibits Phagocytosis
MRSA
Resistant to Beta Lactams Due to Altered Penicillin Binding Proteins (PBPs)
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2 mins
Haemophilus influenzae Characteristics
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Coccobacilli
PRP Capsule in Type B
Positive Quellung Reaction
IgA Protease
Chocolate Agar
Factor V is NAD
Factor X is Hematin
Staph Aureus Provides Factor V
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2 mins
Haemophilus Influenzae Disease
Disease
Pneumonia
Cherry Red Epiglottitis
Meningitis
Otitis Media
COPD Exacerbation
Thumbprint Sign (on X-ray)
Treatment
Rifampin Prophylaxis
Ceftriaxone
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2 mins
Legionella Characteristics
Characteristics
Bacillus
Poor Gram Stain
Charcoal Yeast with Iron and Cysteine
Silver Stain
Water Sources
Smokers and Heavy Drinkers
Detect Antigen in Urine
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2 mins
Legionella Disease
Signs and Symptoms
High fever
Diarrhea
Increased liver enzymes
Hyponatremia
Type IV renal tubular acidosis
Severe atypical pneumonia
Pontiac fever
Treatment
Fluoroquinolones
Macrolides
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2 mins
Coxiella burnetii
Characteristics
Gram Negative Bacteria
Intracellular
Aerosol Transmission
Affects Animal Handlers
Presentation
Q Fever
Flu-like Symptoms
Atypical Pneumonia
Hepatitis
Endocarditis
Diagnosis
Serology
Treatment
Doxycycline
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2 mins
Mycoplasma Pneumoniae
Characteristics
No Cell Wall and No Gram Stain
Cholesterol Membrane
Eaton's Agar
Mulberry Colonies
Disease
Atypical pneumonia
Military Recruits
Cold IgM Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia
Erythema Multiforme
Treatment
Tetracycline
Erythromycin
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2 mins
Chlamydia Characteristics
Characteristics
Cannot Make ATP
Elementary body infects
Intraepithelial
Reticulate Body Replicates
Diagnosis
Cell Wall Lacks Muramic Acid
Giemsa Stain
Inclusion Bodies
Treatment
Azithromycin (Preferred)
Doxycycline
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2 mins
Chlamydia trachomatis
Characteristics
A to C
Trachoma
Follicular Conjunctivitis
Blindness
Africa
L1 to 3
Lymphogranuloma venereum
Buboes
Genital Ulcer
D to K
Urethritis and PID
Neonatal Pneumonia
Staccato Cough
Neonatal Conjunctivitis
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2 mins
Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Characteristics
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Bacillus
Aerobic
Pyocyanin Pigment
Blue-green Pigment
Grape like odor
Non-lactose Fermenting
Polysaccharide Capsule
Catalase-Positive
Oxidase-Positive
Inactivates Elongation Factor 2
Exotoxin A
Endotoxin
Water sources
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3 mins
Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Disease
Signs and Symptoms
Pneumonia
Cystic Fibrosis
Burn Wounds
Hot tub folliculitis
Urinary Tract Infections
Osteomyelitis associated with IV drug use
Osteomyelitis from Shoe Puncture Wound
Diabetic Osteomyelitis
Corneal Infections in contact lens users
Endocarditis
Ecthyma Gangrenosum
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3 mins
Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Characteristics
Characteristics
Mycolic Acid Cell Wall
Acid-fast
Carbolfuchsin Stain Red
Lowenstein-Jensen Agar
Serpentine Cord Factor
Primary TB
Primary TB
Caseating Granuloma
Ghon Focus
Hilar Lymph Nodes
Ghon Complex
Reactivation TB
Reactivation TB
Reactivation in Apex
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3 mins
Mycobacterium leprae
Aerobic
Acid Fast
Likes Cool Temperature
Tuberculoid leprosy
Granulomatous response
Positive Lepromin Skin Test
Dapsone
Rifampin
Lepromatous leprosy
Weak Immune System
Leonine facies
Negative Lepromin Skin Test
Clofazimine
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2 mins
Streptococcus viridans
Characteristics
Gram-Positive
Cocci
Catalase-Negative
Alpha-Hemolytic
Optochin-Resistant
Not Bile Soluble
Normal Flora of Oropharynx
Synthesize Dextrans from Sucrose
Disease
Dental Caries
Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis
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2 mins
Vibrio Cholera Disease
ADP ribosylating AB toxin
Turn Gs on causing increase in cAMP
Secretion of Cl
Blocks reabsorption of Na
Rice water diarrhea
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1 min
Vibrio Cholera Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Bacilli
Glucose fermenting
Non-lactose fermenting
Oxidase positive
Comma Shaped
Thrives in alkaline environment
Crustaceans
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1 min
Bacillus Cereus Characteristics
Gram-Positive
Bacilli
Endospore Forming
B Hemolytic
Toxins and Enterotoxins
Reheated Rice
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1 min

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