Jacob Shared "Neuro - Week 5" - 14 Picmonics

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Neuro - Week 5

5 A's of Alzheimer's Disease
Agnosia
Anomia
Aphasia
Apraxia
Amnesia
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1 min
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
Assessment
Progressive Muscle Weakness
Systemic Muscle Wasting
Fasciculations
Spasticity
Fatigue
Considerations
Riluzole (Rilutek)
Moderate Exercise
No Cognitive Decline
Respiratory Support
Palliative Care
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2 mins
Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms and Diagnosis
Symptoms
Optic Neuritis
Internuclear Ophthalmoplegia
Scanning Speech
Urinary and Fecal Incontinence
Motor Issues (Intention Tremor, Paresis)
Numbness and Pain
Depression
Relapsing Symptoms
Diagnosis
Gold Standard = Plaques on MRI
Increased CSF Immunoglobulins (IgG)
Oligoclonal Bands
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4 mins
Multiple Sclerosis Features and Mechanisms
Features
Twice as often in Women
Presents in 20's and 30's
Northern Europeans
Mechanism
Unknown mechanism, genetic factor
HLA-DRB1
Autoimmune Demyelination of CNS
White Matter of Brain and Spinal Cord
T Cell Mediated Inflammation
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2 mins
Friedreich's Ataxia
Trinucleotide Repeat
GAA Repeat
Frataxin
Mitochondrial Dysfunction
Autosomal Recessive
Hammertoes
High Arches
Kyphoscoliosis
Lateral Corticospinal Tract
Posterior Column
Spinocerebellar Tract
Type I Diabetes Mellitus
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
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1 min
Memantine
Indications
Alzheimer's Disease
Mechanism of Action
NMDA Receptor Antagonist
Prevents Excitotoxicity
Side Effects
Confusion
Hallucinations
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1 min
Antisocial Personality Disorder
Personality Functioning
Self-Functioning
Ego-centrism
Disregards Rights of Others
Self-esteem from Personal Gain
Interpersonal Functioning
No Empathy
No Intimacy
Pathological Personality Traits
Antagonism
Manipulates Others
Hostility
Disinhibition
> 18 years of age
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2 mins
Avoidant Personality Disorder
Personality Functioning
Self Functioning
Feelings of Shame or Inadequacy
Low Self-Esteem
Social Withdrawal
Interpersonal Functioning
Desires Relationships with Others
Poor Reaction to Criticism
Hypersensitive to Rejection
Pathological Personality Traits
Anhedonia
Anxiety
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2 mins
Borderline Personality Disorder
Personality Functioning
Self Functioning
Chronic Feelings of Emptiness
Poor Self Image
Unstable Goals, Aspirations, Career Plans
Interpersonal Functioning
Fear of Abandonment
Unable to Maintain Relationships
Pathological Personality Traits
Unstable Mood
Splitting
Self-destructive Behaviors
Anxiety
Suicidal Thoughts
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2 mins
Dependent Personality Disorder
Personality Functioning
Self Functioning
Difficulty Making Own Decisions
Interpersonal Functioning
Uncomfortable Being Alone
Urgently Seeks New Relationships After Breakups
Pathological Personality Traits
Allow Others to Make Decisions
Exaggerated Fear of Being Unable to Care for Self
Difficulty Expressing Disagreement
Difficulty Starting New Projects
Excessive Lengths to Obtain Nurturance
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2 mins
General Personality Trait Disorder
Significant Impairments
Self-Identity Impairments
Interpersonal Functioning Impairments
One or more Personality Traits
Negative Affectivity
Detachment
Antagonism
Disinhibition vs Compulsivity
Psychoticism
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1 min
Histrionic Personality Disorder
Discomfort if Not Center of Attention
Dressing for Attention
Flirtatious, Provocative Behavior
Shallow and Labile Emotions
Theatrical or Dramatic
Impressionistic Speech
Impressionable
Overestimates Intimacy in Relationships
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2 mins
Narcissistic Personality Disorder
Personality Functioning
Self Functioning
Increased Self-importance
Inflation of Accomplishments
Often Angered when Criticized
Interpersonal Functioning
Little Interest in Others Experiences
No Empathy
Pathological Personality Traits
Grandiosity
Demands the Best
Requires Admiration of Others
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2 mins
Paranoid Personality Disorder
Personality Functioning
Self Functioning
Preoccupied with Trustworthiness of Friends
Interpersonal Functioning
Pervasive Mistrust of Others
Constant Suspicion
Without Evidence
Pathological Personality Traits
Reads Threatening Meanings in Benign Remarks
Reluctant to Confide
Perceives Attacks on Character
Grudges
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2 mins

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