Rebecca Shared "310 01 Health Assessment Abdomen (Vaughn)" - 43 Picmonics

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310 01 Health Assessment Abdomen (Vaughn)

GI Absorption
Stomach
Alcohol
Duodenum
Iron
Jejunum
Folate
Terminal Ileum
Vitamin B12
Bile Resorption
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1 min
Oral Cavity
Characteristics
Mouth
Mechanical Digestion
Salivary Amylase Begins Carbohydrate Breakdown
Lingual Lipase Begins Lipid Breakdown
Esophagus
Bolus
Peristalsis
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1 min
Stomach Digestion
Characteristics
Chief Cells Secrete Pepsinogen
Pepsinogen Turned to Pepsin By H+
Protein Breakdown Begins
Mucous Cells Secrete Mucus and Bicarbonate
G Cells Secrete Gastrin
Gastrin Stimulates Parietal Cell HCl Release
Parietal Cells Secrete Intrinsic Factor
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2 mins
Small Intestine Absorption
Characteristics
Carbohydrates Undergo Active Transport
Amino Acids Undergo Active Transport
Small Lipids Undergo Passive Diffusion
Epithelial Cells
Intestinal Capillaries
Hepatic Portal Transports Nutrients
Liver
Large Lipids Transported as Chylomicrons
Lacteals Transport Chylomicrons
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2 mins
Small Intestine Digestion
Brush border enzymes
Pancreatic Enzymes are secreted via a Duct
Pancreas secretes bicarbonate
Brush Border activates Pancreatic Trypsin
Trypsin activates Chymotrypsin
Trypsin and Chymotrypsin digest Proteins
Gallbladder Releases Bile
Pancreatic Lipase breaks down Lipids
Goblet cells secrete mucus
Pancreatic Amylase breaks down Carbohydrates
Pancreatic Nucleases breakdown DNA/RNA
Digestion occurs in the Duodenum
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2 mins
Large Intestine
Characteristics
Colon
Electrolyte Reabsorption
Water Reabsorption
Microflora Produce Vitamins
Rectum Stores Feces
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1 min
-chezia or -chesia
Meaning
Defecation
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50 secs
-emesis
Meaning
Vomiting
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34 secs
-orexia
Meaning
Appetite
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32 secs
-pepsia
Meaning
Digestion
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28 secs
-phagia
meaning
Eating or Swallowing
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29 secs
-stalsis
Meaning
Contraction
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54 secs
Bucc/o
meaning
Cheek
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22 secs
Dips/o or Dipsi/a
Meaning
Thirsty
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46 secs
Divert/i
meaning
Turning Aside
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25 secs
Gloss/o
Meaning
Tongue
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25 secs
Hepat/o
Meaning
Liver
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45 secs
Hiat/o
meaning
Opening
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34 secs
Odont/o
Meaning
Tooth
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28 secs
Ptyal/o
Meaning
Saliva
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39 secs

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