CESAR Shared "MISC INTERVENTIONS" - 44 Picmonics

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MISC INTERVENTIONS

Parkland Formula
Burn victims
24 hours
TBSA% x Weight x 4 = Fluids
TBSA %
x Weight (kg)
x 4
= Fluid Requirement (in first 24 hrs)
Fluids in first 8 hours
1/2 of fluid given in first 8 hours
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1 min
Postoperative Fever
5 W's
Wind (Days 1-3)
Atelectasis
Pneumonia
Water (Days 3-5)
Urinary Tract Infection from Catheter
Walking (Days 4-6)
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
Pulmonary Embolism
Wound (Days 5-7)
Infection
Wonder Drugs (Days 7+)
Drugs
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2 mins
Fistula Causes
FRIEND Mnemonic
Foreign Body
Radiation
Inflammation or Infection
Epithelialization
Neoplasm
Distal Obstruction
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1 min
Pain Assessment
Types of Pain
Acute Pain
Chronic Pain
OPQRST Mnemonic
Onset
Provoking or Palliative
Quality
Radiation
Severity
Timing
Nursing Considerations
Subjective Findings
Objective Findings
Reassessment of Pain
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2 mins
Pressure Ulcers
Types
Stage 1 - Non-Blanchable Redness
Stage 2 - Partial Thickness
Stage 3 - Full Thickness Skin Loss
Stage 4 - Full Thickness Tissue Loss
Unstageable
Possible Deep Tissue Injury
Considerations
Skin Color Alterations
Remove Necrotic Tissue Before Staging
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2 mins
Parathyroid Gland
Characteristics
Blood Calcium Sensor
Parathyroid Hormone
Bone Resorption
Blood Calcium Increases
Vitamin D Activation
Calcium Absorption From The Small Intestine
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1 min
Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS) Criteria
Must have 2 or more of the following:
Temperature < 36C or > 38C
Pulse > 90 beats per minute
Respirations > 20/min or PCO2 < 32
WBC < 4,000 or > 12,000 or 10% bands
Mechanism
Subset of Cytokine Storm and Related to Sepsis
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2 mins
Posterior Lower Leg Anatomy
Superficial Compartment
Calcaneal Tendon
Superficial Muscles
Gastrocnemius
Soleus
Plantaris
Deep compartment
Deep Muscles
Popliteus
Tibialis Posterior
Flexor Digitorum Longus
Flexor Hallucis Longus
Innervation
Tibial Nerve
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2 mins
Facial Bones
Vomer
Conchae
Nasal
Maxilla
Mandible
Palatine
Zygomatic
Lacrimal
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1 min
Pelvic Bones
Ilium
Iliac Crest
ASIS (Anterior Superior Iliac Spine)
AIIS (Anterior Inferior Iliac Spine)
Acetabulum
Pubis
Pubic Symphysis
Obturator Foramen
Ischium
Sacrum
Coccyx
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1 min
Anterior Thigh Muscles
Innervation
Femoral Nerve
Muscles
Iliopsoas
Psoas Innervated by L1-3
Sartorius
Pectineus
Quadriceps Femoris
Vastus Lateralis
Vastus Intermedius
Vastus Medialis
Rectus Femoris
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2 mins
Medial Thigh Muscles
Action
Adduct the Thigh
Innervation
Obturator Nerve
Muscles
Adductor Magnus
Tibial Nerve
Adductor Longus
Adductor Brevis
Gracilis
Obturator Externus
Laterally Rotates Thigh
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1 min
Leg Veins
Inferior Vena Cava
Common Iliac (Ilium)
External Iliac (Ilium)
Great Saphenous
Femoral
Popliteal
Small Saphenous
Anterior Tibial
Posterior Tibial
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1 min
Leg Arteries
Descending Aorta
Iliac (Ilium)
Common Femoral
Deep Femoral
Superficial Femoral
Popliteal
Anterior Tibial
Posterior Tibial
Peroneal
Dorsalis Pedis
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2 mins
Anterior Lower Leg Anatomy
Innervation
Deep Peroneal Nerve
General Action
Dorsiflex Foot
Muscles
Tibialis Anterior
Invert Foot
Extensor Digitorum Longus
Extend 4 Toes
Extensor Hallucis Longus
Extend Great Toe
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1 min
Lateral Lower Leg Anatomy
Innervation
Superficial Peroneal Nerve
Actions
Eversion of Foot
Plantarflexion of Foot
Muscles
Fibularis Brevis
Fibularis Longus
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54 secs
Aseptic Technique
Invasive Procedures
Skin Integrity Broken
Sterility
Hands Up for Scrubbing
Keep Objects in View
Only Sterile Objects in Field
Only Sterile Touches Sterile
Contamination
Edges of Sterile Field
If Sterility Questioned
If Wet or Prolonged Exposure to Air
Considerations
Never Leave Sterile Area
PPE Order
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2 mins
Deep Gluteal Muscles
General Action
Lateral Rotation and Abduction
Muscles
Gluteus Minimus
Medially Rotates Leg
Piriformis
Superior Gemellus
Obturator Internus
Inferior Gemellus
Quadratus Femoris
Other Structures
Sacrotuberous Ligament
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1 min
Oxygen Delivery Methods
Nasal Cannula
Simple Face Mask
Non-Rebreather Mask
Venturi-Mask
Safety Precautions
Oxygen In Use Sign
No Electrical Sparks
Six Feet Away from Open Flames
Nursing Considerations
Dry Nasal and Upper Airway Mucosa
Skin Irritation
Home Education
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1 min
Vital Signs - Adult
Temperature (96.8-100.4 Degrees F) (36-38 Degrees C)
Rectal - Remove 1 Degree From Measurement
Axillary - Add 1 Degree to Measurement
Respiration (12-20)
Oxygen Saturation (94%-100%)
Pulse (60-100)
Blood Pressure (<120/80)
Pain
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2 mins

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