Janani Shared "Z pharm/path" - 21 Picmonics

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing. Whether you're studying for your classes or getting ready for a big exam, we're here to help.

Z pharm/path

Arsenic Poisoning
Symptoms/Findings
Vomiting
Rice-water stools
Garlic breath
Can be found in Pesticides and Contaminated water
Carcinogen
Angiosarcoma
Lung Cancer
Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lung
Treatment
Dimercaprol
Succimer
picmonic thumbnail
Lead Antidotes
Antidotes
Penicillamine
Dimercaprol
CaEDTA
Succimer
picmonic thumbnail
58 secs
Cyanide Toxicity
Mechanism
Impedes Oxidative Phosphorylation
Lactic Acidosis
Metabolic Acidosis
Symptoms
Skin Flushing
Tachycardia
Tachypnea
Vomiting
Change In LOC (Altered Mental Status)
Seizures
Coma
Treatment
Hydroxocobalamin
Sodium Thiosulphate
Nitrates
picmonic thumbnail
Psammoma Bodies
PSaMMoma
Papillary Carcinoma of the Thyroid
Serous Papillary Cystadenocarcinoma of the Ovary
Meningioma
Malignant Mesothelioma
picmonic thumbnail
Methemoglobinemia
Methemoglobinemia
Fe3+
chocolate colored blood
Caused by sulfa, nitrate, or benzocaine
Can treat cyanide poisoning
Antidote is methylene blue and vitamin c
picmonic thumbnail
Pure Red Cell Aplasia
Anemia
White cell and platelet counts w/ in normal limits
IgG autoantibodies
Thymoma
Cytotoxic T Lymphocytes
Parvovirus B19
picmonic thumbnail
Good syndrome
Good syndrome
Thymoma
hypogammaglobulinemia
picmonic thumbnail
Polycythemia Paraneoplastic
Renal Cell Carcinoma
Hemangioblastoma
Hepatocellular carcinoma
Pheochromocytoma
Uterine Fibroids
picmonic thumbnail
Teratoma
Germ-cell Tumor
Dermoid Cyst
Immature Teratoma
Struma Ovarii
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration
Paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration
Anti Hu = small cell lung cancer
Anti-Yo = breast/gyn cancer
Anti-tr = hodgkin lymphoma
In purkinje cells
Paraneoplastic encephalomyelitis can be caused by anti Hu as well
picmonic thumbnail
Hematogenous spreading carcinomas
Follicular thyroid carcinoma
choriocarcinoma
renal cell carcinoma
hepatocellular carcinoma
picmonic thumbnail
Ingested Seafood Toxins
Inhibits Depolarization (blocks Na channels)
Block Depolarization
Tetrodotoxin
Saxitoxin (dinoflagellates in red tide)
PERSISTENT DEPOLARIZATION (Binds Na channels)
Persistent depolarization
Ciguatoxin (exotic fish, moray eel, barracuda, snapper)
Batrachotoxin (South American Frogs)
Histamine release
Scombroid poisoning (spoiled dark meat fish, tuna, mahi mahi, mackerel, bonito)
picmonic thumbnail
Clomiphene
Clomiphene Citrate
Infertility
PCOS
Estrogen Antagonist at hypothalamus
estrogen antagonist
Hypothalamus
Side Effects
Hot Flashes
Visual Disturbances
Multiple Gestations
Ovarian Torsion
picmonic thumbnail
Tacrolimus (Prograf) Overview
Mechanisms
Immunosuppressant
Inhibits Calcineurin, Decreasing IL-2
Indications
Transplant Rejection
Atopic Dermatitis
Considerations
Increased Lymphoma Risk
Avoid Grapefruit Juice
picmonic thumbnail
1 min
Tacrolimus (Prograf) Side Effects
Nephrotoxicity
Neurotoxicity
GI Distress
Infection
Hypertension
Hyperkalemia
Hyperglycemia
picmonic thumbnail
1 min
RNA
Characteristics
mRNA
3' Poly A Tail
5' Cap
Template For Translation
rRNA
Catalyzes Amino Acid Bonds
Component of Ribosome Enzyme
tRNA
Anticodon Region
3' Tail Bind To Amino Acid
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Hydroxyurea
Mechanism
Inhibits Ribonucleotide Reductase
Decreased DNA Synthesis
S-phase Specific
Indications
Melanoma
Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML)
Sickle Cell Disease
Through Increased HbF (Fetal Hemoglobin)
Side Effects
Myelosuppression
GI Distress
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Cyclosporine (Sandimmune) Overview
Mechanism
Immunosuppressant
Inhibits Calcineurin, Decreasing IL-2
Indications
Prevent Transplant Rejection
Psoriasis
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Considerations
Monitor Plasma Levels
Avoid Grapefruit Juice
Increased Risk of Lymphoma
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Cyclosporine (Sandimmune) Side Effects
Side Effects
Nephrotoxicity
Hepatotoxicity
Infection
Hypertension
Hirsutism
Tremor
Hyperkalemia
Hypomagnesemia
Gingival Hyperplasia
picmonic thumbnail
1 min
disulfiram like reactions (DELETED)
Disulfiram like reaction with alcohol
Metronidazole
Cephalosporins
Griseofulvin
1st Generation Sulfonylureas
procarbazine
picmonic thumbnail

Ace Your Medicine (MD/DO) Classes & Exams with Picmonic:

Over 1,110,000 students use Picmonic’s picture mnemonics to improve knowledge, retention, and exam performance.

Choose the #1 Medicine (MD/DO) student study app.

Picmonic for Medicine (MD/DO) covers information that is relevant to your entire Medicine (MD/DO) education. Whether you’re studying for your classes or getting ready to conquer the USMLE Step 1, USMLE Step 2 CK, COMLEX Level 1, or COMLEX Level 2, we’re here to help.

Works better than traditional Medicine (MD/DO) flashcards.

Research shows that students who use Picmonic see a 331% improvement in memory retention and a 50% improvement in test scores.

It's worth every penny