Adriene Shared "Microbiology" - 57 Picmonics

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Microbiology

Shigella
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Bacilli
Non Lactose Fermenting
White on Macconkey Agar
Oxidase Negative
Non H2S Producing
Day Care Centers
High Virulence
Replicates Intracellularly
Actin Rocket
Signs and Symptoms
Bloody Diarrhea
Shiga Toxin
Inhibits 60S Ribosome
Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS)
Hemolytic Anemia
Thrombocytopenia
Kidney Failure
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3 mins
Bartonella henselae
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Pleomorphic
Bacillus
Signs and Symptoms
Cat Scratch Fever
Lymphadenopathy
Bacillary Angiomatosis
Patients with AIDS
Mimics Kaposi Sarcoma
Benign
Reactive Arthritis
Non-Caseating Granuloma
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2 mins
Actinomyces Israelii
Characteristics
Gram-Positive
Bacillus
Anaerobe
Branching
Oral Flora
Dental Work
Oral Trauma
Associated with IUDs
Signs and Symptoms
GU Infections
Draining Sinus Tract
Facial Abscess
Yellow Sulfur Granules
Treatment
Penicillin
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2 mins
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
Characteristics
Enveloped
Double Stranded DNA
Herpesvirus 5
Diagnosis
Non Heterophile Antibodies
Owl's eye inclusions
Signs and Symptoms
Congenital TORCH infection
Mononucleosis
Pneumonia
AIDS retinitis and esophagitis
Infection in transplant recipients
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2 mins
Rotavirus
Characteristics
Reovirus
Non-enveloped
Double-Stranded
RNA Virus
Linear
11 Segments
Triple Icosahedral Capsid
Most Common Cause of Diarrhea Worldwide
Villous Atrophy
Winter Months
Day Care Centers
Treatment
Oral Rehydration
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2 mins
Picornavirus
Characteristics
Non-enveloped
RNA Virus
Icosahedral
Positive Sense
A large polypeptide cleaved by proteases
Viruses
Rhinovirus
Poliovirus
Coxsackievirus
Hepatitis A Virus
Echovirus
Aseptic meningitis
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1 min
Bacillus Cereus Characteristics
Gram-Positive
Bacilli
Endospore Forming
B Hemolytic
Toxins and Enterotoxins
Reheated Rice
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1 min
E. coli Overview
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Bacillus
Purple Colony with Metallic Green Sheen
Lactose-Fermenting
Pink on MacConkey Agar
Disease
Diarrhea
Lipid A Septic Shock
P Pili Pyelonephritis and Cystitis
K Capsule Neonatal Meningitis
K Capsule Pneumonia
H Antigen Flagella
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2 mins
Adenovirus
Characteristics
Non-enveloped
Icosahedral
Linear
Double Stranded DNA
Signs and Symptoms
Pharyngitis
Conjunctivitis
Fever
Summer Swimming
Day Care Centers
Acute Hemorrhagic Cystitis
Pneumonia
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1 min
Hepatitis B Virus Characteristics
Hepadnavirus
Enveloped
Circular
Partially Double-stranded DNA
Has Reverse Transcriptase
IV Drug Use
Sex
Maternal fetal routes
3 month incubation period
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2 mins
Epstein Barr Virus
Characteristics
Herpesvirus 4
Double Stranded DNA
Linear
Enveloped
Signs and Symptoms
Infectious Mononucleosis
Virus Attaches to CD21 in B Cells
Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma
Burkitt's Lymphoma
Hodgkin's Lymphoma
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1 min
Hepatitis A
Characteristics
Picornavirus
4 Week Incubation Period
Fecal-oral
Day Care Centers
Travel to Developing Countries
Signs and Symptoms
Usually Asymptomatic
Acute Disease
Jaundice
Fever
Vomiting
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2 mins
Hepatitis C
Characteristics
Enveloped
RNA Virus
Flavivirus
Icosahedral
SS positive Linear
Clinical Features
Most Cases are Due to IV Drug Use
Turns to Chronic Hepatitis in Over 70% of Cases
Cirrhosis
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Most Common Indication for Liver Transplantation
Associated With Type I MPGN
Porphyria Cutanea Tarda
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2 mins
Campylobacter Jejuni
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Bacillus
Flagella
Curved
Corkscrew Appearance
Oxidase-Positive
Grows Well at 42 Degrees
Undercooked Poultry
Unpasteurized Milk
Puppies with Diarrhea
Signs and Symptoms
Bloody Diarrhea
Guillain-Barre syndrome
Reiter's Syndrome or Reactive Arthritis
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3 mins
Salmonella Enterica Spp.
Characteristics
Animal and Human Reservoir
Poultry and Eggs
Turtles
PMN Immune Response
Symptoms
Gastroenteritis
Diarrhea
Possibly Bloody
Treatments
No Antibiotics
No Vaccine Available
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2 mins
Brucella
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Coccobacillus
Unpasteurized milk
Goat cheese
Inside macrophages
Signs and Symptoms
Lymphadenopathy
Granulomas
Undulating fever
Treatment
Doxycycline
Gentamicin
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2 mins
Isoniazid
Indications
Tuberculosis (TB)
Mechanism of Action
Requires Catalase Peroxidase
Decreases Mycolic Acid Synthesis
Fast vs Slow Acetylators
Side Effects
B6 Deficiency
Neurotoxicity
Hepatotoxicity
Drug-induced Lupus
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1 min
Ribavirin
Mechanism
Hypermutation in RNA Viruses
Inhibits Inosine Monophosphate Dehydrogenase
Indications
Hepatitis C
Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers
Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)
Side Effects
Hemolytic Anemia
Teratogen
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1 min
Polyomavirus
Characteristics
Non-enveloped
Double-stranded DNA
Circular
Disease
BK Virus
Kidney Damage
JC Virus
Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML)
HIV/AIDS
Oligodendrocyte
Demyelination of CNS
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4 mins
Sporothrix Schenckii
Characteristics
Fungi
Thermally Dimorphic
Cigar-shaped Yeast Forms
Rose Thorn Prick
Packaging Peat Moss
Signs & Symptoms
Local Pustule or Ulcer
Nodules on Draining Lymphatics
Treatment
Potassium Iodide
Itraconazole
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2 mins

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