Diana Shared "GI MICRO" - 33 Picmonics

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing. Whether you're studying for your classes or getting ready for a big exam, we're here to help.

GI MICRO

E. coli Overview
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Bacillus
Purple Colony with Metallic Green Sheen
Lactose-Fermenting
Pink on MacConkey Agar
Disease
Diarrhea
Lipid A Septic Shock
P Pili Pyelonephritis and Cystitis
K Capsule Neonatal Meningitis
K Capsule Pneumonia
H Antigen Flagella
2 mins
EHEC (Enterohemorrhagic E. Coli)
Characteristics
O157:H7
Non-Sorbitol Fermenting
Hamburger Meat
Produces Shiga-Like Toxin
Gram-Negative
Lysogeny
Inactivates 60 S ribosome
Disease
Bloody Diarrhea
Hemolytic Anemia
Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS)
Acute Renal Failure
Thrombocytopenia
2 mins
Shigella
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Bacilli
Non Lactose Fermenting
White on Macconkey Agar
Oxidase Negative
Non H2S Producing
Day Care Centers
High Virulence
Replicates Intracellularly
Actin Rocket
Signs and Symptoms
Bloody Diarrhea
Shiga Toxin
Inhibits 60S Ribosome
Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS)
Hemolytic Anemia
Thrombocytopenia
Kidney Failure
3 mins
Salmonella Overview
Pathophysiology
Gram-Negative Rod
Oxidase Negative
Non Lactose Fermenter
White on Macconkey Agar
H2S Producing
Flagella
Invades GI Tract
Peyer's Patches
Considerations
Osteomyelitis in Sickle Cell Patients
Reactive Arthritis
Antibiotics Prolong Fecal Excretion
2 mins
Salmonella Enterica Spp.
Characteristics
Animal and Human Reservoir
Poultry and Eggs
Turtles
PMN Immune Response
Symptoms
Gastroenteritis
Diarrhea
Possibly Bloody
Treatments
No Antibiotics
No Vaccine Available
2 mins
Salmonella Typhi
Characteristics
Colonizes Gallbladder
Monocytic Immune Response
Symptoms
Typhoid Fever
Abdominal Pain
Rose Spots on Abdomen
Constipation Followed by Diarrhea
Treatments
Ceftriaxone
Fluoroquinolones
Considerations
Oral Vaccine - Live
IM Vaccine - Capsular Polysaccharide
2 mins
Campylobacter Jejuni
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Bacillus
Flagella
Curved
Corkscrew Appearance
Oxidase-Positive
Grows Well at 42 Degrees
Undercooked Poultry
Unpasteurized Milk
Puppies with Diarrhea
Signs and Symptoms
Bloody Diarrhea
Guillain-Barre syndrome
Reiter's Syndrome or Reactive Arthritis
3 mins
Yersinia Enterocolitica
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Bacilli
Non-lactose Fermenting
Non-H2S Producing
Oxidase-Negative
Day Care Centers
Pork
Raw Milk
Pet (Puppy) Feces
Signs and Symptoms
Bloody Diarrhea
Mesenteric Adenitis
Granulomatous Microabscess in Mesenteric Lymph Nodes
Pseudoappendicitis (Mimics)
Reiter's Syndrome or Reactive Arthritis
2 mins
Yersinia Pestis (Black Plague)
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Bacilli
Oxidase-Negative
Non-lactose Fermenting
Prairie Dogs
Fleas
Polysaccharide Capsule
Vw Antigen
F1 Antigen
Inhibits Macrophages
Southwest Region
Signs and Symptoms
Lymphadenopathy
Pneumonia
Black Cutaneous Hemorrhagic Lesions
Buboes
Diagnosis
Bipolar Giemsa Staining
3 mins
Klebsiella Characteristics
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Bacilli
Oxidase-Negative
Intestinal Flora
Antiphagocytic Virulence Factor
Polysaccharide Capsule
Positive Quellung Reaction
Mucoid Colonies
Urease-Positive
Fast Lactose Fermenter
Pink on MacConkey Agar
2 mins
Klebsiella Disease
Signs and Symptoms
Aspiration Pneumonia
Alcoholics
Diabetics
Red Currant Jelly Sputum
Lung Abscess
Nosocomial Urinary Tract Infection
2 mins
Clostridium perfringens
Characteristics
Gram-Positive
Bacillus
Anaerobe
Spore-Forming
Alpha Toxin Lecithinase
Phospholipase
Heat Labile Enterotoxin
Signs and Symptoms
Myonecrosis
Gas Gangrene
Food Poisoning and Diarrhea
Treatment
Hyperbaric O2 Chamber
2 mins
Vibrio Cholera Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Bacilli
Glucose fermenting
Non-lactose fermenting
Oxidase positive
Comma Shaped
Thrives in alkaline environment
Crustaceans
1 min
Vibrio Cholera Disease
ADP ribosylating AB toxin
Turn Gs on causing increase in cAMP
Secretion of Cl
Blocks reabsorption of Na
Rice water diarrhea
1 min
Clostridium botulinum
Characteristics
Bacillus
Gram-Positive
Anaerobe
Spore-Forming
Heat Labile Toxin
Inhibits Acetylcholine (Ach) Release at Neuromuscular Junction (NMJ)
Canned Food in Adults
Spores in Honey
Signs and Symptoms
Descending Flaccid Paralysis
Diplopia
Ptosis
Floppy Baby
Constipation
2 mins
Clostridium difficile
Characteristics
Gram-Positive
Bacillus
Anaerobe
Clindamycin and Ampicillin
Toxin A Enterotoxin
Damages Brush Border of Gut
Toxin B Cytotoxin
Damages Cytoskeletal Structure
Signs and Symptoms
Diarrhea
Pseudomembranous Colitis
Toxic Megacolon
Diagnosis
Detect Toxins in Stool
Treatment
Metronidazole
Vancomycin
3 mins
Bacillus Cereus Characteristics
Gram-Positive
Bacilli
Endospore Forming
B Hemolytic
Toxins and Enterotoxins
Reheated Rice
1 min
Bacillus Cereus Disease
Signs and Symptoms
Emetic Form
Short Incubation (1-6 Hours)
Nausea and Vomiting
Diarrheal Form
Long Incubation (8-16 Hours)
Diarrhea and GI Pain
2 mins
Listeria Monocytogenes Characteristics
Characteristics
Gram Positive
Bacillus
Intracellular
Survives in Cold Temperature
Actin Rocket
Tumbling Motility
Catalase-Positive
Beta-Hemolytic
Only Gram-Positive with Endotoxin-Like Structure
2 mins
Listeria Monocytogenes Disease
Signs and Symptoms
Soft Cheese
Pregnant Women Have Flu-Like Symptoms
Pregnant Women Have GI Symptoms
Granulomatosis Infantiseptica
Spontaneous Abortion
Meningitis
Monocytes in CSF
Treatment
Ampicillin
2 mins

Ace Your Medicine (MD/DO) Classes & Exams with Picmonic:

Over 1,090,000 students use Picmonic’s picture mnemonics to improve knowledge, retention, and exam performance.

Choose the #1 Medicine (MD/DO) student study app.

Picmonic for Medicine (MD/DO) covers information that is relevant to your entire Medicine (MD/DO) education. Whether you’re studying for your classes or getting ready to conquer the USMLE Step 1, USMLE Step 2 CK, COMLEX Level 1, or COMLEX Level 2, we’re here to help.

Works better than traditional Medicine (MD/DO) flashcards.

Research shows that students who use Picmonic see a 331% improvement in memory retention and a 50% improvement in test scores.

It's worth every penny