summer slump sale Save up to 40% today

PicmonicUserXAEA-Twelve Shared "ARCHIVEDUserXAEA-12 Playlist" - 102 Picmonics

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing. Whether you're studying for your classes or getting ready for a big exam, we're here to help.

ARCHIVEDUserXAEA-12 Playlist

Resting tremor
s/s: asymmetric, 4-6 Hz, pill rolling
dec w/voluntary mvmt; inc w/stress
etiologies: PD, drug induced parkinsonism, PSP
Action tremors
Intention tremor
s/s: cerebellar sx
etiologies: cerebellar lesion (stroke, tumor, MS, Wilson dz, drugs)
mgmt: PT > thalamotomy
Essential tremor (ET)
epi: familial, autosomal dominant, bimodal age
s/s: 4-10 Hz flex-ext, can involve head/voice
mgmt: propranolol, primidone
Physiologic tremor
Orthostatic tremor
mgmt: clonazepam, gabapentin
picmonic thumbnail
Diabetic Neuropathy
Microvascular injury
Oxidative stress
Glycosylation end product deposition
Symmetric, distal, sensorimotor
Large fiber injury: Negative sx
Small fiber injury: Positive sx
Complications: Ulcers, Charcot arthropathy, Amputation
Carpal/Tarsal tunnel syndrome, CN Palsies
Gastroparesis, Orthostatic hypotension, Urinary retention/incontinence
picmonic thumbnail
Schizoaffective Disorder
Psychosis >2w WITHOUT Mood Episode
Psychosis WITH Mood episode
picmonic thumbnail
Cryptogenic Organizing Pneumonia (COP)
formerly Bronchiolitis Obliterans Organizing PNA (BOOP)
type of Idopathic Interstitial PNA
Noninfectious bronchiole inflammation d/t Intraluminal Polyps
Masson Bodies
Secondary: Chronic dz (RA), Drugs (amiodarone)
S/S: preceding Flu-like illness, mimics CAP
Workup: No response to Abx, Ground glass opacities, Restrictive pattern
Mgmt: Reassess (mild), PO Steroids (mod-sv), AZT, Cyclophosphamide (refractory)
picmonic thumbnail
Tachyarrhythmia Management
Parosyxmal SVT (PSVT)
HDS: Vagal maneuvers → Adenosine
Unstable: DC Cardioversion
Prevention: Verapamil, BBs, radiofrequency ablation
Multifocal Atrial Tachycardia (MAT)
Oxygen, ventilation
Preserved LV: CCBs, Selective BBs
Atrial Fibrillation (Afib), Atrial Flutter (AFL)
Ventricular Tachycardia (VT, Vtach)
HDS, SBP >90: IV Amio, procainamide, sotalol
Unstable: DC Cardioversion → IV Amio
Ventricular Fibrillation (VFib)
IMMEDIATE Defibrillation + CPR
Persists: Epi, intubation, continue CPR, defibrillate again
Refractory: IV Amio
Premature Atrial or Ventricular Contractions (PAC, PVC)
if ASx: supportive
if sx: BB
picmonic thumbnail
Atrial Fibrillation (AF) Acute Management
All Patients: CHADS-VASc Scoring
without Hypotension, Sv CHF
mgmt: rate ctl - BB, dilt, dig
mgmt: dig > amio (if dec LVEF)
Rhythm Ctl: Cardioversion
Rhythm Ctl: Cardioversion
>48h: TEE Algorithm
with Hypotension, Sv CHF
IV Digoxin (1st Line)
picmonic thumbnail
Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma
KRAS GOF mutation
activates GTPase → MAPK → cell growth
DPC, SMAD4 LOF mutation
CDKN2A (p16) mutation
Tumor markers: CA 19-9 > CEA
pancreatic Head is MC location
RFs: Tobacco, DM, Elderly, Ashkenazi Jew, chronic pancreatitis
Sx: epigastric pain radiates to back, weight loss, pale stools
Courvoisier Sign: PAINLESS obstructive jaundice + NONTENDER palpable gallbladder
Trousseau Sign: Migratory thrombophlebitis, DVT
Workup: Abd U/S → CTAP → ERCP, PTC
Mgmt: Whipple surg, 5-FU
picmonic thumbnail
NYHA Heart Failure Classification & Staging
A: at high risk for HF but no structural dz
Mgmt: Lifestyle mods
B: Structural Heart Dz
Mgmt: ACEIs, ARBs
C: stage B + CHF Sx
Mgmt: stage B + Diuretics + BBs + Salt Restriction
D: Refractory CHF
NYHA Class
picmonic thumbnail
Antiplatelet Agents
Aspirin (ASA)
ADPR-i: Clopidogrel, Prasugrel, Ticagrelor, Ticlopidine
GPIIb/IIIa-i: Eptifibatide, Tirofiban, Abciximab
PDE-i: Cilostazol, Dipyridamole
Direct Thrombin Inhibitors (DTIs)
Dabigatran, Argatroban
Indirect Thrombin Inhibitors
LMWH: Enoxaparin, Dalteparin, Fondaparinux
contraindicated in AKI/CKD
tPA (alteplase, reteplase), streptokinase, tranexamic acid
Factor Xa Inhibitors
Apixaban, Rivaroxaban
containdicated in AKI/CKD
Vitamin K antagonists
picmonic thumbnail
Oxidation of Fe2+ to Fe3+
Etiologies: Local anesthetics, Benzenes, Nitrites, Dapsone
s/s: cyanosis, chocolate-colored blood
Labs: Hb curve left shift, Pulse ox 85%, Nml PaO2
Mgmt: Methylene Blue, Vit C, NADH
DDx: Sulfhemoglobinemia
Etiologies: Sulfur products e.g. Sumatriptan, SSz
s/s: blue-green blood, mucocutaneous surfaces
picmonic thumbnail
Neonatal Sepsis
S/S: non-specific, dec activity, poor feeding, irritability, lethargy, hypotonic
Workup: CBC, BCx, UA, UCx | LP if suspect bacterial meningitis
Mgmt: Empiric Abx
Amp + Gent
Cefotaxime for Gram(-)
Vanc (bacterial meningitis)
picmonic thumbnail
Levetiracetam (Keppra)
MoA: Inhibits N-type Cav Channels, Facilitate GABAergic transmission
Indications: Myoclonic, Tonic-clonic, Partial sz
SFx: Emotional lability (aggression), Depression, HTN, Nasopharyngitis
picmonic thumbnail
Pneumonia Management
Aspiration PNA
Aspiration PNA
Ceftriaxone + Azithro
MRSA: Clindamycin
Community-acquired PNA
Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP)
Healthy Outpt: azithro, doxy
Comorbid Outpt: floxacin or [B-lac+ macro]
Inpt: IV floxacin or [B-lac + macro]
ICU: IV [B-lac + fluoro] or [B-lac + macro]
PCN Allergy: floxacin + aztreonam
Ventilator-associated PNA
Ventilator Associated Pneumonia (VAP): 3 Drugs
S. pneumo: ceph, PCN, carbapenem
Pseudonomas: fluoro, aminoglycoside
MRSA: vanc, linezolid
picmonic thumbnail
Meningitis Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) Analysis
acute Bacterial
Inc. WBC (PMNs), Protein, Opening pressure
Dec. Glc
Cx(+), Gram stain(+)
partially treated Bacterial
Monocytic predmoninance | Protien & Glc move towards nml
MCC Coxsackievirus
Inc. WBC (Lymphocytes)
Fungal, TB
Inc. WBC (Lymphocytes), Protein, Opening pressure
Dec. Glc (<10)
picmonic thumbnail
Drugs Contraindicated in Breastfeeding, Lactation
ALI: Atropine, Lithium, Iodide
CAN: Cyclosporine, Alcohol, Nicotine
BB: Bromocriptine, BZDs
RR: Rizatriptan, Radiopharmaceuticals
EE: Ergotamine, Ethosuximide
AA: Amiodarone, Amphetamines
SS: Sex hormones, Stimulant laxatives
TT: Tretinoin, Tetracycline
Methotrexate (MTX)
picmonic thumbnail
Aplastic Anemia Etiologies
Congenital: Fanconi
Drugs: NSAIDs, Sulfonamides, AEDs, Chloramphenicol, EtOH, PTU, MMI
Chemicals: Benzene, glue
Viral: Parvo, EBV, CMV, HIV
Immunue: SLE, PNH, Thymoma
picmonic thumbnail
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)
3 pathognomonic facial dysmorphisms
small palpebral fissures
smooth philtrum
thin vermilion border
MR/DD, Social withdrawal
Decreased growth (height, weight)
Holoprosencephaly, Microcephaly
picmonic thumbnail
opens KATP channels --> Hyperpolarization
pancreatic beta cells: decreases insulin release
vascular SMCs: decreases b/p
Indications: Hypertensive Emergency, Congenital Hyperinsulinism, Insulinoma
SFx: PH, Hyperglycemia, Hypertrichosis, sodium retention, HA, reflex tachycardia
picmonic thumbnail
Fanconi Anemia
epi: MCC Inherited Aplastic Anemia, Ashkenazi jews
pathophys: auto rec NHEJ defects → BM failure
s/s: pancytopenia
derm sx
MSK sx
Head/neck sx
Eyes, Ears, Kidney anomalies
Comorbid Malignancies: MDS, Leukemias (AML), SQCC of Head, Neck, Vulva
Labs: inc AFP, HbF
Dx: Expose lymphocytes to Mitomycin C → observe Chromosomal Breakage
Tx: Allogeneic HSCT
picmonic thumbnail
Collagen Types
Type 1: MSK, Fascia, Skin, Cornea (Bowman, Stroma layers)
Osteogenesis Imperfecta
Type 2: Cartilage (hyaline), Vitreous Body, Nucleus Pulposus
Relapsing Polychondritis
Type 3 (Reticular), Blood, Uterus, Fetus, Granulation Tissue
Type 4: Basement Membrane, Lens, Descement Membrane (Cornea)
picmonic thumbnail

Ace Your Medicine (MD/DO) Classes & Exams with Picmonic:

Over 1,900,000 students use Picmonic’s picture mnemonics to improve knowledge, retention, and exam performance.

Choose the #1 Medicine (MD/DO) student study app.

Picmonic for Medicine (MD/DO) covers information that is relevant to your entire Medicine (MD/DO) education. Whether you’re studying for your classes or getting ready to conquer the USMLE Step 1, USMLE Step 2 CK, COMLEX Level 1, or COMLEX Level 2, we’re here to help.

Works better than traditional Medicine (MD/DO) flashcards.

Research shows that students who use Picmonic see a 331% improvement in memory retention and a 50% improvement in test scores.

It's worth every penny