Mary Shared "62 - Management of Patients With Burn Injury" - 8 Picmonics
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62 - Management of Patients With Burn Injury
Stage and Extent of Burn
Singed Nasal Hairs
Initial Decrease Urinary Output
Signs of Inadequate Hydration
Maintain Body Temperature
Increased Risk of Infection
Venous Thromboembolism (VTE) Prophylaxis
Excision and Grafting
Ensure Airway Patency
IV Fluid Replacement
Dry Sterile Dressing
Elevate Burned Limbs
Rule of 9's for Burns
Total Body Surface Area (TBSA)
Anterior Torso (18%)
Posterior Torso (18%)
Posterior Leg (each)
Anterior Leg (each)
Stages of Burn Care
Phase / Stage 1
Injury to Return of Capillary Permeability
IV Fluid Replacement
Phase / Stage 2
Diuresis to Near Wound Closure
Phase / Stage 3
Wound Closure to Return of Optimal Level
Types of Burns
Superficial Partial Thickness
Deep Partial Thickness
Little or Non-blanching
Waxy white, yellow or black
Silver Sulfadiazine (Silvadene) and Mafenide Acetate (Sulfamylon)
Open Wound Care
Administer Analgesic Prior to Wound Care
TBSA% x Weight x 4 = Fluids
x Weight (kg)
= Fluid Requirement (in first 24 hrs)
Fluids in first 8 hours
1/2 of fluid given in first 8 hours
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