Marissa Shared "B&L Chemo Meds" - 15 Picmonics

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing. Whether you're studying for your classes or getting ready for a big exam, we're here to help.

B&L Chemo Meds

Mechlorethamine
Alkylating Agent
Cross-Links DNA
Vesicant
Sodium Thiosulfate
Alopecia
Myelosuppression
Teratogenic
Menstrual Irregularities
picmonic thumbnail
31 secs
Cyclophosphamide
Mechanism
Requires Bioactivation by Liver
Cross-links DNA
Guanine N7 Position
Indications
Autoimmune Disorders
Leukemia
Lymphoma
Solid Tumors
Side Effects
Myelosuppression
Hemorrhagic Cystitis
Prevent with Mesna
picmonic thumbnail
3 mins
Nitrosoureas
Carmustine
Lomustine
Alkylating Agent
Cross blood-brain barrier
Pulmonary Fibrosis
Nephrotoxicity
Hepatotoxicity
Myelosuppression
picmonic thumbnail
Methotrexate
Indications
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Cancer
Medical Abortion
Mechanism
Folic Acid Analog
Inhibits Dihydrofolate Reductase
Side Effects
Pulmonary Fibrosis
Myelosuppression is Treated with Leucovorin Rescue (Folinic Acid)
Macrocytic Anemia
Hepatitis
Teratogenic
Mucositis
picmonic thumbnail
1 min
Cytarabine
Antimetabolite
Pyrimidine analog
Inhibits DNA elongation
S-phase Specific
Ataxia
Myelosuppression
Depo-cytarabine
picmonic thumbnail
6-Mercaptopurine
Hypoxanthine analog
Pro-drug
Inhibits transcription and replication
Inhibits IMP to AMP
Hyperuricemia
Renal Calculi
Allopurinol
Antimetabolite
S-phase Specific
picmonic thumbnail
Cladribine
Antimetabolite
Competes with dATP
Induces PARP
Rash
Dividing and non-dividing cells
Nelarabine
picmonic thumbnail
Vincristine (Oncovin)
Mechanism
Vinca Alkaloid
Inhibits Microtubules
Indications
Leukemias
Lymphomas
Side Effects
Peripheral Neuropathy
Paralytic Ileus
Considerations
Vesicant
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Etoposide
Indications
Small Cell Lung Cancer
Testicular Cancer
Mechanism of Action
Inhibits Topoisomerase II
Errors in DNA Synthesis Cause Apoptosis
Side Effects
Myelosuppression
Alopecia
Hypotension
Nausea and Vomiting
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Doxorubicin (Adriamycin)
Indications
Solid Tumors
Lymphomas and Leukemias
Mechanism
Free Radical Production
Intercalates DNA
Prevents Double Helix from Sealing
Side Effect
Cardiotoxicity
Dexrazoxane Decreases Toxicity
picmonic thumbnail
1 min
Bleomycin
Indications
Testicular Cancer
Hodgkin's Lymphoma
Mechanism of Action
Induces Free Radical Formation
Breaks in DNA Strands
Side Effects
Pulmonary Fibrosis
Skin Changes
Mucositis
picmonic thumbnail
1 min
L-Aspariginase
Inhibits protein synthesis
Anaphylaxis
Hyperglycemia
Bleeding
PEG-aspariginase
Non-allergenic
picmonic thumbnail
Imatinib (Gleevec)
Indications
Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML)
Inhibitor of BCR-ABL Tyrosine Kinase
Caused by Philadelphia Chromosome
GI Stromal Tumors
Inhibitor of C-kit Tyrosine Kinase
Toxicity
Fluid Retention
picmonic thumbnail
1 min
Hydroxyurea
Mechanism
Inhibits Ribonucleotide Reductase
Decreased DNA Synthesis
S-phase Specific
Indications
Melanoma
Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML)
Sickle Cell Disease
Through Increased HbF (Fetal Hemoglobin)
Side Effects
Myelosuppression
GI Distress
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Misc Antineoplastics
Arsenic trioxide
DNA fragmentation
Cardiac abnormalities
Bortezomib
Proteasome inhibitor
Peripheral neuropathy
Vorinostat
HDAC inhibitor
G1 Phase
Hyperglycemia
picmonic thumbnail

Ace Your Medicine (MD/DO) Classes & Exams with Picmonic:

Over 1,180,000 students use Picmonic’s picture mnemonics to improve knowledge, retention, and exam performance.

Choose the #1 Medicine (MD/DO) student study app.

Picmonic for Medicine (MD/DO) covers information that is relevant to your entire Medicine (MD/DO) education. Whether you’re studying for your classes or getting ready to conquer the USMLE Step 1, USMLE Step 2 CK, COMLEX Level 1, or COMLEX Level 2, we’re here to help.

Works better than traditional Medicine (MD/DO) flashcards.

Research shows that students who use Picmonic see a 331% improvement in memory retention and a 50% improvement in test scores.

It's worth every penny