John Shared "K12 list" - 14 Picmonics

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K12 list

Bias
Bias is a personal or social perspective
Bias affects the way people view a situation
Examples of Bias
Conflict of interest or funding bias
Personal Prejudices
Strong opinions about the hypothesis
Surprised by findings
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2 mins
Experimental Group vs. Control Group
Experimental Group 1 is given a treatment of independent variable
Experimental Group 2 is given a different treatment of Independent Variable
Both experimental groups are observed for changes
The control group is isolated from the independent variable treatments
Control (Constant) Variables are in each group
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2 mins
Measurements and Tools
Volume is measured in millileters (mL) by a Graduated Cylinder
Mass is measured in grams (g) by a Triple Beam Balance
Time is measured in seconds (s) and minutes (min) by a Stopwatch
Distance is measured in millimeters (mm), centimeters (cm), and meters (m) by a Ruler
Temperature is measured in degrees Celsius by a Thermometer
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2 mins
Mice and Cheese Experiment
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
Independent variable affects the dependent variable
Control (Constant) Variable
Other Variables
Rest
Exercise
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2 mins
Observation and Inference - Blue Hair
Observations are gathered with the 5 senses
Observations can be qualitative
Observations can be quantitative
Inferences are an explanation for an observation
Based on previous experiences
Can vary from person to person
Can change once more information is gathered
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2 mins
Observation and Inference - Green Egg
Observations are gathered with 5 senses
Observations can be qualitative
Observations can be quantitive
Inferences are an explanation for an observation
Based on previous experiences
Can vary from person to person
Can change once more information is gathered
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2 mins
Observation and Inference - Green Stalk
Observations are gathered with the 5 senses
Observations can be qualitative
Observations can be quantitative
Inferences are an explanation for an observation
Based on previous experiences
Can vary from person to person
Can change once more information is gathered
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2 mins
Plant Growth Experiment
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
Dependent variable shows the effect of the independent variable
Control (Constant) Variable
Other Variables
Water
Pot Size
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2 mins
Quantitative vs. Qualitative
Quantitative
Measureable and uses numbers
Can be gathered by counting, using measurement tools, or creating a scale
Can be compared more easily
Qualitative
Descriptive and uses adjectives
Can be made quantitative by creating a scale, using a 1 to 5 system
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3 mins
Question and Hypothesis - Distance
Question: Does the independent variable effect the dependent variable?
Hypothesis: Proposed explanation for how the independent affects the dependent variable
The hypothesis must be testable
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2 mins
Question and Hypothesis - Heat
Question: Does the independent variable effect the dependent variable?
Hypothesis: Proposed explanation for how the independent variable effects the dependent variable
The hypothesis must be testable
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2 mins
Question and Hypothesis - Height
Question: Does the independent variable effect the dependent variable
Hypothesis: Proposed explanation for how the independent variable effects the dependent variable
Hypothesis must be testable
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1 min
Roller Coaster Cart Experiment
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
Independent variable affects the dependent variable
Control (Constant) Variable
Other Variable:
Kids
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2 mins
Validity vs. Reliability
A valid experiment tests the hypothesis, but may not be reliable
A reliable experiment is repeatable with consistent results, but may not be valid
Some experiments are neither valid nor reliable
An experiment should be valid and reliable for the conclusion to be trustworthy
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2 mins

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