Mary Shared "Spinal Cord Injury & Glasgow Coma Scale" - 30 Picmonics

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Spinal Cord Injury & Glasgow Coma Scale

Spinothalamic Tracts
Ascending Pathway (Sensory)
Lateral
Temperature
Pain
Anterior
Crude Touch
Pressure
Decussates at Anterior White Commisure
Lesion
Contralateral Anesthesia
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2 mins
Posterior Column (Dorsal Column)
Ascending Pathway (Sensory)
Sensations
Proprioception
Deep Touch
Pressure
Vibration Sensation
Anatomy
Dorsal Root
Fasciculus Cuneatus
Arms
Fasciculus Gracilis
Lower Limbs
Lesions
Vitamin B12 Deficiency
Tabes Dorsalis
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2 mins
Types of Head Injuries
Open Head Injury
Linear Fracture
Comminuted Fracture
Depressed Fracture
Open Fracture
Basilar Skull Fracture
Closed Head Injury
Coup and Contrecoup
Brain Contusion
Concussion
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2 mins
Traumatic Brain Injury Assessment
Assessment
Change in LOC
Personality Changes
Amnesia
Increased Intracranial Pressure
Diplopia
Posturing
Location of Injury
Basilar Skull Fracture
Halo or Ring Sign
Considerations
Intracranial Bleeding
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2 mins
Increased Intracranial Pressure (ICP) Assessment
Change in LOC
Headache
Cushings Triad
Irregular Respirations
Widening Pulse Pressure
Bradycardia
Projectile Vomiting
Abnormal Pupils
Papilledema
Posturing
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2 mins
Increased Intracranial Pressure (ICP) Interventions
Interventions
Elevate Head Of Bed
Foley Catheter
Mannitol (Osmitrol)
High Dose Barbiturates
Passive Hyperventilation
Dexamethasone (Neoplasm or Infection)
Considerations
Neuro Assessment
Maintain Normal Temperature
Avoid Activities That Increase ICP
Intracranial Monitoring System
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2 mins
Types of Strokes
Warning Signs
Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)
Reversible Ischemic Neurologic Deficit (RIND)
Types
Ischemic
Thrombotic
Atherosclerosis
Embolic
Atrial Fibrillation
Hemorrhagic
Severe Hypertension
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3 mins
Right Hemisphere Stroke Assessment
Opposite Side Weakness (Hemiplegia)
Poor Proprioception
Disoriented to Person, Place, Time
Can't Recognize Faces (Prosopagnosia)
Loss of Judgement and Awareness
Impulsiveness
Personality Changes
Tonal Hearing Loss
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2 mins
Left Hemisphere Stroke Assessment
Opposite Side Weakness (Hemiplegia)
Side to Side Discrimination
Aphasia
Agraphia
Slow Performance
Aware of Deficits
Anxiety
Depression
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2 mins
Hydrocephalus
Cause
Increased CSF in Ventricles of Brain
Assessment
Signs of Increased ICP
Infant Assessment
High Pitched Cry
Irritability
Opisthotonus
Increased Head Circumference
Bulging Fontanel
Setting Sun Sign
Interventions
Seizure Precautions
Elevate HOB
CSF Shunt
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2 mins
Brachial Plexus Roots
C5 through T1
Long Thoracic nerve
Dorsal Scapular Nerve
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42 secs
Brachial Plexus Trunks
Superior Trunk
Suprascapular Nerve
Middle Trunk
Inferior Trunk
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1 min
Brachial Plexus Divisions
Anterior (Division)
Posterior (Division)
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27 secs
Brachial Plexus Cords
Lateral Cord
Lateral Pectoral Nerve
Posterior Cord
Upper Subscapular Nerve
Thoracodorsal Nerve
Lower Subscapular Nerve
Medial Cord
Medial Pectoral Nerve
Medial Cutaneous Nerve of Arm and Forearm
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1 min
Brachial Plexus Branches
Musculocutaneous nerve
Axillary Nerve
Radial nerve
Median Nerve
Ulnar Nerve
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56 secs
Trigeminal Neuralgia (Tic Douloureux)
CN V (Trigeminal Nerve)
Characteristics
Stabbing Unilateral Facial Pain
Trigger Zones
Psychological Disturbances
Bizarre Facial Movements
More Common in Women 
Classification
Classical
Secondary
Idiopathic
DIAGNOSIS
Diagnosis by Clinical Impression
MRI
Treatment
Carbamazepine
Surgery As Last Resort
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4 mins
CN V
Trigeminal Nerve
Sensory
Facial Sensation
Motor
Mastication Muscles
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1 min
Cranial Nerve Function
Sensory
CN I
CN II
CN VIII
Motor
CN III
CN IV
CN VI
CN XI
CN XII
Both
CN V
CN VII
CN IX
CN X
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1 min
CN V Motor Lesion
CN V motor lesion
Jaw Deviates Toward Side of Lesion
Unopposed Force From The Opposite Pterygoid Muscle
Muscles of Mastication
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55 secs
CN X
Vagus Nerve
Sensory
Aortic Arch Chemoreceptors and Baroreceptors
Taste from Epiglottic Region
Motor
Swallowing
Palate Elevation
Talking
Coughing
Midline Uvula
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1 min

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