Sara Shared "Fundamentals" - 90 Picmonics

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Fundamentals

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Physiological Needs
Oxygen, Water, Nutrition
Body temperature, Elimination, Shelter, Sexual Expression
Safety and Security
Physical Safety
Physiological Safety
Love and Belonging
Affection and Companionship
Esteem
Self Respect and Respect for Others
Self Actualization
Fulfillment
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2 mins
Patient Position Overview
Position Techniques
Trochanter Roll
Trapeze Bar
Ankle-Foot Orthotic (AFO) Devices
Positions
Fowlers Position
Supine Position
Trendelenburg
Side-Lying Position
Prone Position
Sims' Position
Nursing Considerations
Reposition q2 Hours/Prevent Skin Breakdown
Confirm Body Alignment
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2 mins
The Nursing Process
ADPIE
Assessment
Diagnosis
Planning
Implementation
Evaluation
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2 mins
Care for the Hearing Impaired
Assessment
Normal: 0-15 dB
Rinne's Test
Weber's Test
Tinnitus
Difficulty Following Conversations
Nursing Considerations
Face Patient/Speak Clearly
Rephrase Misunderstood Statements
Repeat Statements Back
Hearing Aids
Sign Language
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2 mins
Care for the Visually Impaired
Assessment
Decreased Visual Acuity
Snellen Chart
Status of Corrective Lenses
Nursing Considerations
Sighted-Guide Technique
Communication
Safe Environment
Medications
Clock Technique for Food
Activities of Daily Living (ADL)
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1 min
I-SBAR-R
Identify
Situation
Background
Assessment
Recommendation
Readback
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1 min
Contact Precautions
Private Room
Wash In / Wash Out
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Gloves
Gown
Limit Time Patient Leaves Room
Leave Equipment In Room
Special Linen Handling
Same Pathogen, Same Room
History of Contact Isolation
Preventative Education
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2 mins
Droplet-Airborne Precautions
Private Room
Droplet
Droplets Larger than 5 Microns
Being Within 3 Feet of Patient
Surgical Mask with Face Shield
Type of Infection or Condition
Airborne
Airborne Infection Isolation Room (AIIR)
Droplets Smaller than 5 Microns
N95 Respirator
Type of Infection or Condition
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2 mins
Standard Precautions
Hand Hygiene
Wash In / Wash Out
Alcohol-Based Hand Rub
Hand Washing
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Gown
Face Mask
Goggles/Face Shield
Gloves
Donning and Removing PPE
Discard Sharps in Puncture-Resistant Container
Cough Etiquette
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2 mins
Arab American Culture
Touch Only When Same Gender
May Request Same Gender Healthcare Provider
Females Avoid Eye Contact with Males
Males Often Make Decisions
Muslims
Infertility Grounds for Divorce
No Organ Donation
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2 mins
Asian American Culture
Avoids Direct Eye Contact
Conflict Avoidance
Soft Voice Tone
Males Make Most Decisions
Feet Considered Dirty
Hot-Cold Theory of Illness
Soups and Rice After Birth
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2 mins
Mexican American Culture
May Avoid Eye Contact with Authoritative Figures
Family Involved in Decisions
Emotional Bereavement
No Organ Donation
Curandero (Curandera)
Hot-Cold Theory of Illness
Abdominal Binder after Pregnancy
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2 mins
Native American Culture
No Direct Eye Contact
No Organ Donation
No Blood Donation
Strong Handshakes Offensive
Tribal Shaman
Navajo Mother Massage Newborn
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2 mins
Religion and Dietary Preferences Overview
Buddhism
Natural Foods of Earth
Hinduism
Cow is Sacred
Islam (Muslim)
Halal Foods
No Alcohol
Judaism
Kosher Meals
No Pork or Shellfish
Mormonism (Latter Day Saints)
The Word of Wisdom
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1 min
5 Rights of Delegation
Right Task
Right Circumstance
Right Person
Right Direction/Communication
Right Supervision/Evaluation
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1 min
APGAR Score
1 and 5 Minutes
Appearance
Pulse
Grimace
Activity and Muscle Tone
Respiration
Total Scores
Gentle Stimulation
Oxygen
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2 mins
Albumin Lab Value
3.5 - 5.0 g/dL
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42 secs
Bilirubin Lab Value
0.2-1.2 mg/dL
Increased Bilirubin Causes Jaundice
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54 secs
Bleeding Time Lab Values
2-7 Minutes
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40 secs
Blood Glucose Lab Value
70-100 mg/dL
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25 secs

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