OnlineMedEd Shared "Genes - Intro to Genetics" - 5 Picmonics

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Genes - Intro to Genetics

Chromosome Components
Characteristics
DNA
Histones
Nucleosomes
Chromatin
Chromosome
Telomere
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1 min
Chromosome and DNA
DNA is the blueprint for building an organism
A chromosome is packed with DNA
Chromosomes exist in pairs
Humans have 23 chromosome pairs
Chromosomes are found in the nucleus
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1 min
Chromosome Forms
Characteristics
Chromatid
Sister Chromatids
Homologous Chromosomes
Tetrad
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2 mins
Meiosis I
Characteristics
Prophase I
Centrioles Migrate
Spindle Apparatus Forms
Nuclear Membrane Disintegrates
Metaphase I
Microtubules Extend from Centrioles Spindle
Spindle Fibers Attach to Centromere
Fused at Kinetochore
Randomly Align at Metaphase Plate
Anaphase I
Spindle Microtubules from Centrioles Split Pairs
Tetrad Splits into 2 Sister Chromatid Pairs
Telophase I
Cytokinesis Divides Cell
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3 mins
Meiosis II
Prophase II
Centrioles Migrate
Spindle Apparatus Forms
Nuclear Membrane Disintegrates
Metaphase II
Sister Chromatids Align at Metaphase Plate
Anaphase II
Sister Chromatids Pulled Apart Into Two
Telophase II
Cytokinesis Divides Cells
4 Haploid Daughter Cells
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2 mins

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