Kyla Shared "UNIT 5 (LEVEL 2)" - 34 Picmonics

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UNIT 5 (LEVEL 2)

Celiac Disease
Cause
Intestinal Mucosa Damage
Ingestion Wheat, Barley, Rye
Assessment
GI Distress
Steatorrhea
Weight Loss
Dermatitis Herpetiformis
Interventions
Gluten-free Diet
Considerations
Screening
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2 mins
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Assessment
Abdominal Pain
Relieved by Defecation
Alternating Diarrhea and Constipation
Fatigue
Excessive Flatulence
Sensation of Incomplete Evacuation
Considerations
Stressors
Food Intolerances
More Common in Women
Rule Out Other Disorders
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2 mins
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Interventions
Interventions
Identify Triggers
Increase Fiber Intake
Probiotics
Anticholinergics
Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCAs)
Loperamide
Linaclotide
Medications for Women
Tegaserod (Zelnorm)
Lubiprostone (Amitiza)
Alosetron (Lotronex)
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2 mins
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Assessment
Pathophysiology
Relaxed Lower Esophageal Sphincter
Signs and Symptoms
Dyspepsia (Indigestion)
Belching
Nighttime Coughing
Dysphagia
Epigastric Pain
Regurgitation
Heartburn (Pyrosis)
Globus
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2 mins
Peptic Ulcer Disease Assessment
Mechanism/Cause
Helicobacter Pylori
Increased Stomach Acid
Assessment
Abdominal Pain
Heartburn (Pyrosis)
Melena
Weight Changes
GI Distress
Considerations
Most Commonly in Duodenum
Duodenal: Pain Relieved by Eating
Gastric: Pain Caused by Eating
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2 mins
Peptic Ulcer Disease Interventions
Combination Drug Therapy
Two Antibiotics
Proton Pump Inhibitor (PPI)
Decrease Acid Secretion
Avoid NSAIDs
Diet and Lifestyle Changes
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1 min
Crohn's Disease Assessment
Diarrhea
5-6 per day
Cramping Abdominal Pain
Fever
Weight Loss
Malabsorption
Anemia
Complications
Obstruction
Fistulas
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2 mins
Ulcerative Colitis Assessment
Assessment
Cramping Abdominal Pain
Tenesmus
Bloody Diarrhea
Up to 10-20 / Day
Fever
Complications
Hemorrhage
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1 min
Appendicitis Assessment
Mechanism
Obstruction of Appendix
Signs and Symptoms
Periumbilical Pain
RLQ Pain
Nausea/Vomiting/Anorexia
Increased White Blood Cells
Rebound Tenderness
Fever
Complications
Peritonitis
Sepsis
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2 mins
Appendicitis Interventions
Treatment
Appendectomy
Preoperative Care
Antibiotics
IV Fluids
No Enema or Laxative
Postoperative Care
Semi-Fowler's Position
Nasogastric Tube
Diet as Tolerated
Pain Management
Early Ambulation
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2 mins
Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis Assessment
Diverticulosis
Outpouching
Diverticulitis
Inflamed Diverticula
Assessment
Abdominal Pain
Abdominal Distention
Flatulence
Fever
Rectal Bleeding
Alternating Constipation and Diarrhea
Considerations
Peritonitis
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2 mins
Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis Interventions
Interventions
High Fiber Diet
Reduce Intra-abdominal Pressure
Stool Softeners
Exercise
Anticholinergics
Considerations
Antibiotics
Bowel Resection
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2 mins
Cholecystitis Causes
Gallbladder Inflammation
6 Fs
Female
Fair (Caucasian)
Fat (Obese)
Fertile (Pregnant)
Forty (Advanced Age Over 40)
Flatulence
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2 mins
Cholecystitis Assessment
RUQ Pain
Referred Shoulder Pain
Clay Colored Stools
Jaundice
Nausea and Vomiting
Dyspepsia (Indigestion)
Fever
Considerations
Increased WBCs
Fatty or Spicy Foods
Ultrasound
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2 mins
Cholecystitis Interventions
Supportive Therapy
Antibiotics
Low Fat Diet
NG Tube
Analgesics
Lithotripsy
Cholecystectomy
T Tube
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2 mins
Renal Calculi Assessment
Cause/Mechanism
Hypercalcemia (Most Commonly)
Signs and Symptoms
Flank Pain
Radiates Toward Bladder
Renal Colic
Urinary Tract Infection
Urinary Retention
Hematuria
Considerations
Stone Recurrence
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2 mins
Renal Calculi Interventions
Interventions
Increase Fluid Intake
Opioids
NSAIDs
Antibiotics
Lithotripsy
Surgical Stone Removal
Considerations
Identify Type CT-KUB
Low Sodium Diet
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2 mins
Normal Electrolyte Lab Values
Potassium (K+)
3.5 to 5.0 mEq/L
Calcium (Ca2+)
8.5 to 10.5 mg/dL
Phosphate (PO43–)
2.5 to 4.5 mg/dL
Magnesium (Mg2+)
1.5 to 2.5 mEq/L
Sodium (Na+)
135 to 145 mEq/L
Chloride (Cl)
95 to 105 mEq/L
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2 mins
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Assessment
Assessment
Men Over 50
Enlarged Prostate Gland
Urinary Retention
Weak Urine Stream
Frequency
Urgency
Nocturia
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1 min
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Interventions
Interventions
Timed Voiding
Decreased Caffeine Intake
Catheterization
Medications
Finasteride (Proscar)
Tamsulosin (Flomax)
Surgical Interventions
TURP Procedure
Open Prostatectomy
Continuous Bladder Irrigation (CBI)
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2 mins

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