Farrah Shared "Block 3 Neuro Final" - 32 Picmonics

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Block 3 Neuro Final

Eye
Characteristics
Sclera
Cornea
Iris
Lens
Ciliary Muscles
Optic Nerve
Rods
Cones
Retina
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1 min
Restless Legs Syndrome
Pathophysiology
Idiopathic
Iron Deficiency
Parkinson's Disease
Signs and Symptoms
Urge to Move the Legs
Unpleasant Sensations in Legs
Worsens with Inactivity
Relieved by Movement
Treatment
Iron Supplementation
Self-care
Gabapentin
Pramipexole
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2 mins
CN III
Oculomotor Nerve
Motor
Eye Movement
Accommodation
Eyelid Opening
Pupillary Constriction
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1 min
CN IV
Trochlear Nerve
Motor
Abducts, Depresses, Internally Rotates
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48 secs
CN VI
Abducens Nerve
Motor
Abducts Eye
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48 secs
Detached Retina
Assessment
Flashes of Light
Floaters
Curtain Like Shadow
Interventions
Eye Patch
Bed Rest
Surgical Emergency
Considerations
No Vigorous Activity
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2 mins
Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
Mechanism
Dry (nonexudative)
Wet (exudative)
Signs and Symptoms
Scotomas
Blurred, darkened vision
Loss of central vision
Distortion of vision
Considerations
Drug Therapy
Surgery
Low-vision assistive devices
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2 mins
CN II
Optic Nerve
Sensory
Vision
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35 secs
Visual Field Defects - Anatomy Overview
Optic Nerve
Vision Loss in One Eye
Optic Chiasm
Bitemporal Hemianopia - Both Eyes Outside Vision Loss
Optic Tract
Homonymous Hemianopia - Both Eyes Same Side
Dorsal Optic Radiation
Lower Quadrantic Vision Loss
Meyer's Loop
Upper Quadrantic Vision Loss
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2 mins
Visual Field Defects - Right Anopia
Visual Field Abnormality
Right Anopia
Complete Vision Loss in 1 Eye
Location of Lesion
Right Optic Nerve
Causes
Retinoblastoma
Gliomas
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41 secs
Visual Field Defects - Bitemporal Hemianopia
Visual Field Abnormality
Bitemporal Hemianopia
Both Eyes Outside Vision Loss
Tunnel Vision
Location of Lesion
Optic Chiasm
Causes
Suprasellar Compression
Pituitary Adenoma
Craniopharyngioma
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1 min
Visual Field Defects - Homonymous Hemianopia
Visual Field Abnormality
Homonymous Hemianopia
Vision Loss - Both Eyes Same Side
Location of Lesion
Optic Tract
Parietal Lobe
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1 min
Visual Field Defects - Left Hemianopia with Macular Sparing
Visual Field Abnormality
Left Hemianopia with Macular Sparing
Vision Loss - Same Side in Both Eyes
Center Spared
Location of Lesion
Occipital Lobe
Causes
Posterior Cerebral Artery (PCA) Infarct
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1 min
Visual Field Defects - Left Upper Quadrantic Anopia
Visual Field Abnormality
Left Upper Quadrantic Anopia
Pie in the Sky
Location of Lesion
Meyer's Loop
Right Temporal Lobe
Cause
Middle Cerebral Artery (MCA) Infarct
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1 min
Visual Field Defects - Left Lower Quadrantic Anopia
Visual Field Abnormality
Left Lower Quadrantic Anopia
Pie on the Floor
Location of Lesion
Dorsal Optic Radiation
Parietal Lobe
Causes
Middle Cerebral Artery (MCA) Infarct
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1 min
The Auditory System
Outer Ear
Middle Ear
Inner Ear
Cochlea
Organ of Corti
Inner Hair Cells
Basilar Membrane
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59 secs
CN V
Trigeminal Nerve
Sensory
Facial Sensation
Motor
Mastication Muscles
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1 min
CN VII
Facial Nerve
Lacrimation
Salivation
Sensory
Taste from Anterior 2/3 of Tongue
Motor
Facial Movement
Stapedius Muscle
Eyelid Closing
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1 min
CN VIII
Vestibulocochlear Nerve
Sensory
Hearing
Balance
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54 secs
CN IX
Glossopharyngeal Nerve
Sensory
Taste from Posterior 1/3 of Tongue
Monitoring Carotid Body and Sinus
Motor
Stylopharyngeus
Swallowing
Salivation
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1 min

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