Rachel Shared "Fluid and Electrolytes" - 11 Picmonics
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Fluid and Electrolytes
Loop Diuretic Education
Acute Renal Failure (ARF)
Notify the provider of weakness, dizziness, or muscle cramping
Increase Potassium Intake
Check BP Daily
Daily Weights and Monitor IandOs
Hypotonic (< 280 mOsm/L)
1/4 Normal Saline (0.225% NaCl)
1/2 Normal Saline (0.45% NaCl)
Isotonic (280-300 mOsm)
Normal Saline (0.9% NaCl)
Lactated Ringer's (LR)
Dextrose 5% in Water (D5W)
Hypertonic (> 300 mOsm)
3% or 5% NaCl
Dextrose 5% in 0.45% NaCl
Dextrose 10% in Water (D10W)
Sodium (Na+) Lab Value
BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen) Lab Values
Creatinine Lab Values
Measures Renal Function
0.6 - 1.3 mg/dL
Hemoglobin (Hgb) Lab Values
Men: 13 - 17 g/dL
Women: 12 - 16 g/dL
Hematocrit (Hct) Lab Values
Women: 36% - 46%
Men: 41% - 53%
Red Blood Cell Count (RBC) Lab Values
Women: 3.5-5.5 million cells/ MuL
Men: 4.3-5.9 million cells/ MuL
WBC Differential Lab Value
White Blood Cells (WBC)
Urine Specific Gravity Lab Value
Mechanism of Action
Thick Ascending Limb of Loop of Henle
Ototoxicity from Rapid Injection
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