Virginia Shared "Fundamentals Week 3" - 11 Picmonics

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Fundamentals Week 3

Use of Restraints
Use Guidelines
During Emergency
Protecting From Harm
For Limited Time
Considerations
Last Resort
May Further Agitation
Frequent Observations
Obtain Order Within 1 Hour
Quick-Release Tie
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2 mins
Amputation
Indications
Trauma
Peripheral Vascular Disease
Diabetes Complications
Considerations
Gentle Handling
Surgical Tourniquet at Bedside
Prevent Contractures
Frequent Inspection
Compression Bandages
Phantom Pain
Mirror Therapy
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2 mins
Cane
COAL
Sizing a Cane
Quad Cane
Rubber Tips for Safety
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1 min
Walker
Walker with Affected Leg
Sizing a Walker
Rubber Tips for Safety
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54 secs
Sizing Crutches
3 Finger Widths
6 Inches Lateral From Heel
30 Degree Flexion
Tripod Position
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59 secs
R.I.C.E. (Treating Soft Tissue Injury)
Rest
Ice
Compression
Elevation
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1 min
Types of Fractures
Nondisplaced
Displaced
Incomplete
Complete
Closed
Open
Direction of Fracture Line
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2 mins
Hip Surgery
Neurovascular Assessment
No 90 Degree Hip Flexion
No Adduction
No Internal Rotation
Avoid Turning on Affected Side
Considerations
Thromboembolism Prevention
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2 mins
Vital Signs - Adult
Temperature (96.8-100.4 Degrees F) (36-38 Degrees C)
Rectal - Remove 1 Degree
Axillary - Add 1 Degree
Respiration (12-20)
Oxygen Saturation (94%-100%)
Pulse (60-100)
Blood Pressure (<120/80)
Pain
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2 mins
Fever
Flushed skin, warm to touch
Chills
Sweating
Change in LOC
Provide adequate fluids
Monitor Electrolytes and Fluid
Monitor vital signs, esp temperature
Remove excess clothing and blankets
Sponge bath with tepid water
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2 mins
Neurovascular Assessment 6 P's
Pain
Paresthesia
Pulse
Pallor
Pressure
Paralysis
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1 min

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