Deva Shared "Pharm week 3" - 13 Picmonics

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Pharm week 3

Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitor (MAOI) Contraindications
Contraindications
Wine and Cheese
Hypertensive Crisis
Serotonin Drugs
Serotonin Syndrome
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1 min
CNS Stimulants
Indications
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Obesity
Mechanism of Action
Increase Catecholamines at Synaptic Cleft
Increase Norepinephrine
Increase Dopamine
Drug Names
Methylphenidate (Ritalin)
Methamphetamine
Side Effect
Potential for Abuse
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56 secs
Serotonin Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs)
Indications
Depression
Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy
Duloxetine
Panic and Anxiety
Venlafaxine
Mechanism of Action
Inhibits Reuptake of Serotonin and NE
Side Effects
Hypertension
Insomnia
Nausea and Vomiting
Decreased Libido
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1 min
Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCAs)
Mechanism of Action
Inhibits Reuptake of Norepinephrine and Serotonin
Indications
Depression
Bipolar Disorder
Fibromyalgia
Side Effects
Sedation
Orthostatic Hypotension
Anticholinergic Effects
Cardiac Toxicity
Considerations
Delayed Effect
Do Not Stop Abruptly
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2 mins
Lithium
Mechanism of Action
Mood Stabilizer
Unknown Mechanism
Indications
Bipolar Disorder
Side Effects
Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus
Hypothyroidism
Tremor
Heart Block
Contraindication
Pregnancy
Considerations
Monitor Plasma Levels
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2 mins
Antipsychotics Overview
Indications
Schizophrenia
Tourette's Syndrome
Mechanism of Action
Lipid-Soluble
Block Dopamine Receptors
Side Effects
Galactorrhea
Tardive Dyskinesia
Anticholinergic
Alpha1 Antagonist
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2 mins
Fluoxetine (Prozac)
Mechanism of Action
Inhibits Reuptake of Serotonin
Indications
Depression
Side Effects
Sexual Dysfunction
CNS Stimulation
Weight Changes
Serotonin Syndrome
Contraindications
No MAO-Is
No Anticoagulants / Antiplatelets
Considerations
Suicide Risk
Delayed Onset of Action
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2 mins
Phenobarbital (Barbiturates)
Mechanism
Barbiturate
Indications
Seizures
Side Effects
Ataxia
Paradoxical Excitement
Fatigue/Drowsiness
Considerations
Monitor Plasma Levels
High Potential for Abuse
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1 min
Zolpidem (Ambien)
Mechanism
Hypnotic
Indications
Insomnia
Side Effects
Daytime Drowsiness
Bizarre Sleep Behaviors
Sleep Driving
Angioedema
Considerations
Short Term Administration
Take Immediately Before Bedtime
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1 min
Haloperidol (Haldol)
Mechanism
High Potency Antipsychotic
Indications
Migraine
Schizophrenia
Side Effects
Extrapyramidal Symptoms
Weight Gain
QT Prolongation
Restlessness
Considerations
Caution in Seizure Patients
Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome
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2 mins
Risperidone (Risperdal)
Mechanism
Atypical Antipsychotic
Indications
Schizophrenia
Bipolar Mania
Autism-Associated Irritability
Side Effects
Extrapyramidal Symptoms
Hyperprolactinemia
Gynecomastia
Galactorrhea
Amenorrhea
Prolonged QT
Considerations
Intramuscular Long Acting (Depot) Form
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2 mins
Atypical Antipsychotics
Indications
Schizophrenia
Mechanism of Action
Unknown Mechanism
Side Effects
Seizures
Prolonged QT Interval
Agranulocytosis
Weight Gain
Fewer Extrapyramidal Side Effects
Fewer Anticholinergic Side Effects
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2 mins
CNS Stimulant Side Effects
Side Effects
Agitation
Insomnia
Hypertension
Tachycardia
Tics
Anorexia
Considerations
Tolerance Develops
High Risk of Abuse and Dependence
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2 mins

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