Ian Shared "Cancer" - 6 Picmonics

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Cancer

Follicular Lymphoma
Derives from Germinal Center
Occurs in adults
T14;18
BCL 2 overexpression
BCL 2 inhibits apoptosis
Indolent
Generalized lymphadenopathy
Bone marrow involvement
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2 mins
Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML)
Age 30 to 90 Years
BCR-ABL
9;22 Translocation
Philadelphia Chromosome
Tyrosine Kinase
Low Alkaline Phosphatase (ALK-P)
Splenomegaly
Blast Crisis can Accelerate and Transform to AML or ALL
Imatinib (Gleevec)
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2 mins
Melanoma Mechanism and Characteristics
Mechanism
Associated with Sunlight Exposure
Mutation in B-RAF kinase
Large Number of Moles
Fair-Skinned people at higher risk
Growth Phases
Radial Growth Phase
No Metastasis
Vertical Growth Phase
Depth of tumor correlates with risk of metastasis
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1 min
Burkitt's Lymphoma
Adolescents or young adults
C-myc gene moves next to heavy chain Ig gene
T 8;14
Starry sky appearance
Sheets of lymphocytes with interspersed macrophages
Jaw lesion in endemic (African) form
Pelvis or abdomen in non endemic form (American form)
Associated with EBV
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2 mins
Wilms' Tumor (Nephroblastoma)
Cause
Malignant Renal Tumor
Assessment
Abdominal Mass
Hematuria
Fever
Hypertension
Interventions
Nephrectomy
Chemotherapy
Radiation
Considerations
Do Not Palpate Abdomen
Children Under 5 Years Old
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2 mins
MEN 1 (Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia)
Pathophysiology
Autosomal Dominant
Menin Mutation (Tumor Suppression Gene)
Chromosome 11
Signs and Symptoms
Pancreatic Endocrine Tumors
Pituitary Tumors
Parathyroid Adenomas
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2 mins

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