Alison Shared "Respiratory system" - 7 Picmonics

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Respiratory system

Alveolar Gas Exchange
Characteristics
Pulmonary Artery Blood is O2-Poor, CO2-Rich
Two-Cell Thick Air-Blood Barrier
CO2 Diffuses Into Air
O2 Diffuses Into Blood
Gases Equilibrate
Pulmonary Vein is O2-Rich, CO2-Poor
Thermoregulation
2 mins
Respiratory Anatomy
Characteristics
Nasal Cavity
Hair Filters
Mucus Filters and Moistens
Capillaries Warm
Pharynx (Throat)
Larynx (Voice Box)
Cilia Expel Mucus and Dust
Trachea
Bronchi
Alveoli
2 mins
Anterior Thorax Muscles
Characteristics
Pectoralis Minor
Pectoralis Major
Serratus Anterior
Intercostals (External, Internal, Innermost)
Subcostales
Transversus Thoracis
Diaphragm
2 mins
Nerve Palsies - Thoracic Outlet Syndrome
Nerve
Compression of Brachial Plexus
Compression of Subclavian Vessels
Causes
Cervical Rib Abnormality
Trauma
Weight Lifters
Pancoast Tumor
Presentation
Edema
Claw Hand
Pain
1 min
Reading a Chest X-Ray
ABCDE Approach
Airway and Appliances
Bones
Cardiac
Diaphragm
Everything Else
Masses
Pulmonary Vasculature
Lung Parenchyma
2 mins
Pathways through the Diaphragm
Characteristics
T8 Level (Caval opening)
Inferior Vena Cava
T10 Level (Esophageal Opening)
Esophagus
Vagus Nerve
Esophageal Branches Left Gastric Vessels
T12 Level (Aortic opening)
Aorta
Thoracic Duct
Azygos Vein
2 mins
Hemoglobin
Hemoglobin Has Four Iron Hemes
Lots Of Hemoglobin In Red Blood Cells
High O2 Levels Increase O2 Binding
High Temperature Reduces O2 Binding
High CO2 Levels Reduce O2 Binding
Low pH Reduces O2 Binding
Myoglobin Binds Oxygen in Muscle
2 mins

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