Valerie Shared "Micro Exam 3" - 49 Picmonics

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Micro Exam 3

Pinworm (Enterobius Vermicularis)
Pathophysiology
Nematode (Roundworm)
Ingestion of Eggs
Intestinal Infection
Anal Pruritus
Diagnosis
Scotch Tape Test
Treatment
Albendazole
Pyrantel Pamoate
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2 mins
Strongyloides Stercoralis
Pathophysiology
Nematode (Roundworm)
Larvae in Soil Penetrate Skin
Uncomplicated Disease
GI Distress
Loffler's Syndrome
Dermatitis
Disseminated Disease
Immunosuppressed
Treatment
Ivermectin
Albendazole
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2 mins
Onchocerca Volvulus
Pathophysiology
Nematode (Roundworm)
Female Blackfly Bite
Hyperpigmented Skin
River Blindness
Treatment
Ivermectin
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1 min
Loa Loa
Pathophysiology
Nematode (Roundworm)
Fly Bite
Calabar Swellings in Skin
Conjunctiva
Treatment
Diethylcarbamazine (DEC)
Albendazole
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1 min
Adenovirus
Characteristics
Non-enveloped
Icosahedral
Linear
Double Stranded DNA
Signs and Symptoms
Pharyngitis
Conjunctivitis
Fever
Summer Swimming
Day Care Centers
Acute Hemorrhagic Cystitis
Pneumonia
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1 min
Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV)
Characteristics
Enveloped
Double Stranded DNA
Linear
Signs and Symptoms
Type 1 HSV
Gingivostomatitis
Keratoconjunctivitis
Encephalitis of Temporal Lobes
Latent in Trigeminal Ganglia
Type 2 HSV
Genital Vesicles
Neonatal Herpes
TORCHES
Latent in Sacral Ganglia
Diagnosis
Tzanck Test
Multinucleated Giant Cells
Cowdry A Inclusions
Treatment
Acyclovir
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2 mins
Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV)
Herpesvirus 3
Characteristics
Enveloped
Double Stranded DNA
Signs and Symptoms
Chickenpox
Pneumonia
Encephalitis
Trigeminal and Dorsal Root Ganglia
Shingles
Diagnosis
Tzanck Test
Multinucleated Giant Cells
Cowdry A Inclusion
Treatment
Acyclovir
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2 mins
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
Characteristics
Enveloped
Double Stranded DNA
Herpesvirus 5
Diagnosis
Non Heterophile Antibodies
Owl's eye inclusions
Signs and Symptoms
Congenital TORCH infection
Mononucleosis
Pneumonia
AIDS retinitis and esophagitis
Infection in transplant recipients
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2 mins
Roseola
Exanthem
Herpesvirus 6
Enveloped
Double Stranded DNA
Linear
Signs and Symptoms
High Fevers Can Lead to Seizures
Diffuse Macular Rash After Fever
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1 min
Parvovirus B19
Characteristics
DNA
Single Stranded
Linear
Smallest DNA virus
Non-enveloped
Signs and Symptoms
5th Disease
Slapped Cheek Rash in Children
Erythema Infectiosum
Hydrops Fetalis
RBC aplasia
Arthritis in Adults
Aplastic Crisis in Sickle Cell
Myocarditis
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2 mins
Pox Virus
Characteristics
Enveloped
Double-Stranded DNA
Linear
Non-Icosahedral
Signs and Symptoms
Smallpox
Cowpox
Molluscum Contagiosum
Umbilicated Flesh-Colored Domed Lesions
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1 min
Ebola Virus
RNA Virus
Filovirus
Marburg Virus
Linear
Helical
Enveloped
Negative Sense
Bat Reservoir
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1 min
Ebola Virus Symptoms
10 Day Incubation
Flu-like Symptoms
Impaired Blood Clotting
Hematemesis and Hemoptysis
Mucous Membrane Bleeding
Skin Bruising
Internal Hemorrhage
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1 min
Epstein Barr Virus
Characteristics
Herpesvirus 4
Double Stranded DNA
Linear
Enveloped
Signs and Symptoms
Infectious Mononucleosis
Virus Attaches to CD21 in B Cells
Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma
Burkitt's Lymphoma
Hodgkin's Lymphoma
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1 min
Epstein Barr Virus Mononucleosis
Mononucleosis
Fever
Hepatomegaly
Splenomegaly
Pharyngitis
Posterior Cervical Lymphadenopathy
Atypical Lymphocytes
Heterophile Antibodies
Rash Develops if treated with Ampicillin
Hodgkin's Lymphoma
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2 mins
Burkitt's Lymphoma
Adolescents or young adults
C-myc gene moves next to heavy chain Ig gene
T 8;14
Starry sky appearance
Sheets of lymphocytes with interspersed macrophages
Jaw lesion in endemic (African) form
Pelvis or abdomen in non endemic form (American form)
Associated with EBV
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2 mins
Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
Characteristics
Non-enveloped
Circular
Double Stranded DNA
Disease
Warts 1, 2, 6, 11
Condyloma acuminata
Type 16, 18
Cervical Carcinoma
Penile Carcinoma
AIDS/Immunocompromised
Worsened by Smoking
Diagnosis
Koilocytic change in squamous epithelium
Pyknotic Nuclei Surrounded by Clear Halo
Treatment
Vaccine Available
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4 mins
Polyomavirus
Characteristics
Non-enveloped
Double-stranded DNA
Circular
Disease
BK Virus
Kidney Damage
JC Virus
Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML)
HIV/AIDS
Oligodendrocyte
Demyelination of CNS
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4 mins
Hepatitis A
Characteristics
Picornavirus
4 Week Incubation Period
Fecal-oral
Day Care Centers
Travel to Developing Countries
Signs and Symptoms
Usually Asymptomatic
Acute Disease
Jaundice
Fever
Vomiting
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2 mins
Hepatitis B Virus Disease
Can turn chronic
< 10% of adults become chronic carriers
90% of newborns become chronic carriers
Cirrhosis
Hepatocellular carcinoma
Membranous Glomerulonephritis
Polyarteritis nodosa
Serum sickness like syndrome
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2 mins

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