Maria Teresa Shared "Trial Picmonics" - 26 Picmonics

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Trial Picmonics

1st Generation Cephalosporin
Drug Names
Cefazolin
Cephalexin
Indications (PEcK Mnemonic)
Proteus mirabilis
E. coli
Klebsiella
Gram-Positive Cocci
1 min
Actinomyces Israelii
Characteristics
Gram-Positive
Bacillus
Anaerobe
Branching
Oral Flora
Dental Work
Oral Trauma
Associated with IUDs
Signs and Symptoms
GU Infections
Draining Sinus Tract
Facial Abscess
Yellow Sulfur Granules
Treatment
Penicillin
2 mins
Bruton (X-linked) Agammaglobulinemia (DEMO)
X-linked Recessive
Blocks B Cell Maturation
Decreased Immunoglobulins of all Classes
Recurrent Bacterial Infections after 6 Months
1 min
CN XII (DEMO)
Hypoglossal Nerve
Motor
Tongue Movement
40 secs
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)
Signs and Symptoms
Age > 60 Years
B Cell Neoplasm
Smudge Cells
Often Asymptomatic
Cold IgM Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia
Warm IgG Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia
Richter's Transformation
3 mins
Common Causes of Meningitis: Adolescent and Adult (6 - 60 Years Old)
Enteroviruses
Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV)
Neisseria meningitidis (#1 Cause in Teens)
Streptococcus pneumoniae
1 min
Crohn's Disease Characteristics (DEMO)
Granulomas
Skip Lesions
Cobblestone Mucosa
46 secs
Cushing Syndrome (DEMO)
More Common in Women
Endogenous Cause
Decreased ACTH
Exogenous Cause (Taken in from Outside)
Increased Glucocorticoids
55 secs
Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DEMO)
Causes
Alcohol Use
Cocaine Use
Doxorubicin Toxicity
1 min
Emphysema (DEMO)
Barrel Chest
Pink Puffer
Exhale through Pursed Lips
Obstructive Lung Disease
1 min
Fluoroquinolones (DEMO)
Mechanism of Action
Bactericidal
Indications
Variety of Infections
22 secs
Gauchers Disease
Pathophysiology
Autosomal Recessive
Beta Glucocerebrosidase Deficiency
Diagnosis
Lipid-laden Macrophages
Crumpled Tissue Paper
Signs and Symptoms
Osteoporosis
Bone Crises
Aseptic Necrosis of Femur
Erlenmeyer Flask Deformity
Hepatosplenomegaly
Pancytopenia
2 mins
Gout Disease (DEMO)
Mechanism
Acute Inflammatory Monoarthritis
Symptoms
Tophus
Podagra
Swollen, Red, Painful Joint
1 min
Hodgkin's Lymphoma Characteristics (DEMO)
B Cell Origin
Owl's Eye Appearance
Bimodal Age Distribution
1 min
Huntington's Disease (DEMO)
Autosomal Dominant
Decreased GABA
Decreased Acetylcholine
42 secs
Lithium
Indications
Bipolar Disorder
Mechanism of Action
Mood Stabilizer
Unknown Mechanism
Side Effects
Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus
Hypothyroidism
Movement (Tremor)
Heart Block
Contraindication
Pregnancy (Ebstein's Anomaly)
1 min
MEN 1 (Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia)
Pathophysiology
Autosomal Dominant
Menin Mutation (Tumor Suppression Gene)
Chromosome 11
Signs and Symptoms
Pancreatic Endocrine Tumors
Pituitary Tumors
Parathyroid Adenomas
2 mins
Macrolides
Bacteriostatic
Erythromycin
Azithromycin
Clarithromycin
Bind to 23S rRNA of 50S subunit
Inhibit protein synthesis by blocking translocation
Gram-Positive Cocci
Atypical pneumonia
Chlamydia
Resistance by methylation of 23S rRNA binding
1 min
Membranous Glomerulonephritis (DEMO)
Nephrotic
EM - Spike and Dome Appearance
IF Granular
58 secs
Niemann-Pick Disease
Pathophysiology
Autosomal Recessive
Sphingomyelinase Deficiency
More Common in Ashkenazi Jewish Population
Signs and Symptoms
Cherry Red Spot on Macula
Hepatosplenomegaly
Neurodegeneration
Diagnosis
Foam Cells
1 min

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