OnlineMedEd Shared "Anatomy of the Upper Extremity" - 10 Picmonics

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Anatomy of the Upper Extremity

Supracondylar Fracture Of Humerus
Mechanism
Fall On Outstretched Hand (FOOSH)
More Common In Children
Signs & Symptoms
Elbow Pain & Swelling
Diagnosis
X-ray Shows Elbow Effusion
Anterior Sail Sign
Posterior Fat Pad Sign
Treatment
Non-displaced: Splint And Sling
Displaced: Closed Reduction With Percutaneous Pin Placement
Considerations
Compartment Syndrome
Volkmann Ischemic Contracture
Brachial Artery Injury
Median Nerve Palsy
Cubitus Varus Deformity
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3 mins
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Median Nerve Entrapment
Compression at Carpal Tunnel
Numbness, Tingling and Pain in Hand
Diagnosis
Phalen's Maneuver
Tinel's Sign
Treatment
Splints
Surgery
Steroids
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2 mins
Nursemaid's Elbow (Radial Head Subluxation)
Pathophysiology
Radial Head Subluxation
Inferiorly Under Annular Ligament
Axial Traction on Forearm
Pulled or Lifted by the Hand or Forearm
Children Aged (1-4 Years Old)
Signs & Symptoms
Extended & Pronated Forearm
Refusal to Bend Elbow
Treatment
Manual Reduction
Hyperpronation of Forearm
Gentle Supination of Elbow at 90 Degrees Flexion
No Immobilization
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3 mins
Anterior Shoulder Dislocation
Axillary Nerve Damage
Axillary Artery
Rotator Cuff Injury
Supraspinatus Tendon
Anterior Glenohumeral Ligament
Anatomic Lesions
Bankart's Lesion
Hill-Sachs Lesion
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1 min
Hand Bones
"Some Lovers Try Positions That They Can't Handle"
Scaphoid
Lunate
Triquetrum
Pisiform
Trapezium
Trapezoid
Capitate
Hamate
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1 min
Upper Limb Bones - Ulna and Radius
Characteristics
Ulna
Olecranon Process
Coronoid Process
Trochlear Notch
Radial Notch
Styloid Process of Ulna
Head of the Ulna
Radius
Radial Head
Neck
Radial Tuberosity
Styloid Process
Ulnar notch
Listers (aka Dorsal) Tubercle
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3 mins
Upper Limb Bones - Humerus
Characteristics
Greater Tubercle
Lesser Tubercle
Anatomic Neck
Surgical Neck
Deltoid Tuberosity
Epicondyles
Coronoid Fossa
Capitulum
Olecranon Fossa
Trochlea
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3 mins
Upper Limb - Arm Muscles
Anterior Superficial Muscles
Biceps Brachii
Anterior Deep Muscles
Coracobrachialis
Brachialis
Posterior Superficial Muscles
Long Head of Triceps Brachii
Lateral Head of Triceps Brachii
Posterior Deep Muscles
Medial Head of Triceps Brachii
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2 mins
Upper Limb - Anterior Forearm Muscles
Superficial Muscles
Pronator Teres
Palmaris Longus
Flexor Carpi Radialis
Flexor Carpi Ulnaris
Intermediate Muscles
Flexor Digitorum Superficialis
Deep Muscles
Flexor Pollicis Longus
Flexor Digitorum Profundus
Pronator Quadratus
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2 mins
Upper Limb - Posterior Forearm Muscles
Superficial Muscles
Extensor Carpi Ulnaris
Extensor Digitorum
Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis
Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus
Brachioradialis
Intermediate Muscles
Extensor Digiti Minimi
Deep Muscles
Anconeus
Supinator
Abductor Pollicis Longus
Extensor Pollicis Longus
Extensor Pollicis Brevis
Extensor Indicis
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